Summary of Degree Requirements

University Requirements:

  • MATH 0701 (4 s.h.) and/or ENG 0701 (4 s.h.), if required by placement testing.
  • All Temple students must take a minimum of two writing-intensive courses as part of the major. The specific courses required for this major are ENST 2097 and ENST 4198.
  • Students must complete requirements of the General Education (GenEd) Program. See the General Education section of the Undergraduate Bulletin for more details.

College of Liberal Arts Requirements:

  • Completion of a minimum of 123 credits, including:
    • 90 credits in CLA/CST courses;
    • 45 credits of which must be at the upper level (numbered 2000-4999).
      • For Social Science majors, 6 upper level credits (numbered 2000-4999) must be taken in Humanities Subject Areas: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Greek (Ancient), Greek and Roman Classics, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Philosophy, Religion, Russian, and Spanish in the College of Liberal Arts, Art History in the Tyler School of Art and Architecture, or any department in the College of Science and Technology.
    • A minimum GPA of 2.0, cumulatively, in CLA/CST coursework, and in the major.
    • Only courses in which a student receives a grade of at least C- can satisfy GenEd, major, minor, or CLA Foreign Language and Global Studies requirements.
  • Professional Development Requirement
    • All students in the College of Liberal Arts are required to take a 1 credit seminar in professional development. CLA 1002 Professional Development for Liberal Arts Majors is the appropriate course option for this major. Other courses that fulfill this requirement may be found on the CLA College Requirements page. Only one course in this category may count towards graduation.
  • Foreign Language/Global Studies Requirements:
    • All students must complete or test out of the first and second levels of a foreign language - these courses are numbered 1001 and 1002;
    • All students must complete at least one course from the GenEd Global/World Society category; and
    • All Bachelor of Arts students must complete one of the following options:
      • Third semester of a foreign language;
      • Demonstrated proficiency beyond the third semester in a foreign language (placement exam or certification from the language department);
      • Take one Global Studies course from the list on the CLA College Requirements page;
      • Study Abroad at an approved program; or
      • Take a second General Education Global/World Society course.
    • Notes on Foreign Language Study
      • The third level of language is numbered 1003 in French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese and numbered 2001 in all other foreign language subjects.
      • Students are strongly encouraged to take the third level of a foreign language as it is the minimum required for election to the prestigious honor society Phi Beta Kappa. (Taking the course does not guarantee admission but not taking it guarantees exclusion.)
      • See the College of Liberal Arts Policies section of this Bulletin for more information on the Foreign Language Placement, Regression in Coursework, and guidelines for students' other experiences with language.

General Electives are typically one-third of a student's program of study and can be focused on a second major, a minor, or towards some other personal enrichment or professional goals. See an academic advisor for assistance in developing an academic plan for these courses.

Major Requirements (40-41 credits in Environmental Studies and related coursework):

Gateway courses
ENST 2001Environment and Society3
ENST 2002Physical Geography4
Research Methods courses
ENST 2097Research Design in Environmental Studies3
ENST 3062Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems3
ENST 3161Spatial Statistics3
Research Methods elective
Select one of the following:3
ENST 3061
Fundamentals of Cartography
ENST 3063
Environmental Remote Sensing
ENST 3064
Qualitative Methods
ENST 3068
Environmental Impact Assessment
ENST 4066
Environmental GIS
Advanced Environmental Studies courses:
ENST 3004Geography of Natural Resources3
ENST 4198Senior Research Seminar3
Select three upper-level courses in ENST numbered 2003-4999. 19
Select one ENST course numbered 0800-4999 23
Select one course numbered 2003-4999 in ENST or from the approved electives list below.3-4
Total Credit Hours40-41

Double-Counting Across Curricula

Many students elect to take a combination of the Environmental Studies major or minor and the Geography and Urban Studies major or minor as they are complementary programs.

The ONLY courses that can double-count between the Geography and Urban Studies and Environmental Studies majors are: GUS 3161/ENST 3161, GUS 2197/ENST 2097, and ENST 3062/GUS 3062. When used for the major in either program, these courses may not be used to fulfill the minor elective requirements of the other program. 

Note GUS 4198 and ENST 4198 are NOT cross-listed seminars. Anyone pursuing a double major in Geography & Urban Studies and Environmental Studies must take both capstone courses.

Students may not combine a major or minor in Environmental Studies and a major or minor in Environmental Science in the College of Science and Technology.

Environmental Studies Approved (non-ENST) Electives List

Students may use one elective from the list below toward the Environmental Studies Major to fulfill the Approved Elective requirement. This requirement can also be fulfilled with any ENST elective numbered 2003+.

Note: Upper-level Science and Liberal Arts courses from this list can be used to satisfy the CLA 45 credit upper-level distribution requirement, but not all courses below are offered within the College of Liberal Arts or College of Science and Technology. Please consult with a CLA Academic Advisor.

ANTH 2705Introduction to Evolutionary Anthropology4
ANTH 3774Environmental Physiology and Health3
BIOL 2227Principles of Ecology3
BIOL 3244Experimental Marine Biology4
BIOL 3245Marine Ecology4
BIOL 3316Tropical Marine Biology4
BIOL 3336Freshwater Ecology4
BIOL 4327Biological Impacts of Global Climate Change3
BOT 1112Plant Ecology 13
CEE 4531Life Cycle Assessment and Carbon Footprinting3
CTRP 2114Urban Form and Design3
CTRP 2213Environmental Planning3
CTRP 3256Sustainable Community Design and Development3
ECON 3513Economics of State and Local Governments3
ECON 3512Public Finance3
EES 2096Climate Change: Oceans To Atmosphere4
EES 2021Sedimentary Environments4
EES 2061Introduction to Geochemistry4
EES 3011Remote Sensing and GIS4
EES 3021Groundwater Hydrology4
ENVH 2102Environmental Health3
ENVT 4761Environmental Regulations3
HORT 2114Soils3
HORT 2334Food Crops I3
HORT 2353Food Crops II3
HORT 2552Trees in the Urban Landscape2
HORT 2575Introduction to Public Horticulture3
HORT 3514Landscape Restoration3
JRN 3253Health and Environmental Writing3
LARC 2144Landscape Architecture Design Studio II6
LARC 2496Landscape Traditions3
LARC 2758Summer Field Ecology3

Distinction in Major

Environmental Studies majors may graduate with distinction in major with a 3.5 in Environmental Studies coursework and a 3.0 GPA overall.