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Undergraduate Bulletin

College of Education
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Founded 1919 
Joseph P. DuCette, Acting Dean 
238 Ritter Annex 
1301 Cecil B. Moore 


The mission of the College of Education embodies the University's populist education vision - "that opens opportunities for university study to persons in every status and condition and that is dedicated to excellence in the education it provides them."  The College's mission is based on a dynamic and delicate synthesis between two endeavors:  advancing education through scholarship and service, and the preparation and development of educators.  The mission is to produce and disseminate knowledge that grows from examining issues and problems relating to educational practice and contexts, and to prepare skilled, reflective educators who use scholarly knowledge, systematic inquiry, and rigorous (or carefully conducted) research in their professional practice.  This mission is a commitment to improving educational institutions, professional practice and the education of educators.

In carrying out this mission, the College recognizes its special obligation and the opportunities presented by being situated in urban Philadelphia and our culturally rich metropolitan area.  The College makes a primary commitment to the improvement of educational institutions and practices that can help meet the diverse needs of this region.  These include, particularly, the underserved urban community where Temple University is located, and the urban contexts of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in general.  This commitment involves:

  • collaborative projects with school districts and other institutions to improve professional preparation programs and shape educational research;
  •  practice sensitive research projects aimed at development and validation of improved methodologies, and policy and evaluation research aimed at validation and/or improvement of educational programs;
  •  partnership activities that examine critical issues such as economic and cultural diversity, organization of schooling, student behavior and violence, technological change, ecological damage, and democracy in schools and the workplace.
This mission acknowledges education to be an integrative process occurring throughout life in varied social settings.

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Undergraduate programs in the College of Education are designed for a multitude of professional applications.  While a majority of the students seek certification to teach in elementary and secondary schools, programs in the College also prepare athletic trainers, exercise scientists, and those who seek to work in educational settings in business and industry.   The Pennsylvania Department of Education approves programs leading to certification.  The Pennsylvania Department of Education maintains reciprocity agreements with many of the states in the region. The College of Education is a Member of the Holmes Group, the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, the Association of Colleges and Schools of Education in State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, the Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Teacher Educators, and the University Council for Educational Administration. All College of Education teacher education programs are accredited by the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education.  The Athletic Training program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs. 


While the official date for the founding of the College of Education is usually given as 1919, teacher preparation was part of the University almost from its start. It is clear from Temple's history that the unofficial founder of the College was Laura Carnell who began a program for the preparation of kindergarten teachers as early as 1895. This preparation program was expanded into elementary and then secondary areas largely in response to the Philadelphia School District's decision that higher positions in the City's school system would be open only to those with a college degree. In response to this need, the College began offering two, three and four year programs to teachers, as well as extension work, day and evening courses, five days a week and on Saturday morning. This intimate relationship between the College and the School District of Philadelphia characterizes almost all of the College's history. The College was one of the first institutions to schedule courses so that teachers could take them after school hours.  Programs of graduate study at the master's level were introduced in 1923, with the Doctor of Education being first awarded in 1931. 

The first dean of the College was George Walk who took over "Teachers College" in 1919 from Laura Carnell (the official name was changed to the  "College of Education" in 1960). The College that George Walk inherited from Laura Carnell in 1919 consisted of approximately 20 faculty members who provided instruction in 7 program areas. These were: 

The Kindergarten Program 
The Department of Household Arts and Household Science 
Physical Education 
Business Education 
Music Education 
Elementary Education 
Educational Administration 

The College continued to grow at a consistent rate up to the mid 60's. During these years, the College maintained a wide variety of programs. In addition to the usual programs in elementary and secondary education, and the related graduate programs in Counseling Psychology, School Psychology, Educational Psychology and Educational Administration, the College at various times contained the departments of Nursing, Social Welfare, Dental Hygiene, Sociology, Health, and Physical Education. In 1965 Temple became a "state related" university and underwent an enormous expansion in terms of students, faculty and facilities.  The College's growth, in fact, exceeded the University's during the late 1960's and early 1970's, reaching its peak in the mid '70's. At that point, the College included more than 200 full-time presidential faculty, approximately 45 Dean's appointments, and over 150 support personnel. At its peak, enrollment in the college exceeded 8000 students, with about sixty percent of these students enrolled in graduate programs. 

With the decline in enrollments in education, which occurred throughout the nation from the late 1970's until the mid '80's, the College of Education underwent a significant reduction in students, faculty and staff. Ultimately, the College realized that a major reorganization was necessary if the historic mission of the College was to be maintained and if new initiatives were to be mounted. Toward this end, in 1985 the faculty participated in an extensive review of all existing programs and departments. From this review came a plan for reorganizing the College from thirteen (13) departments to three (3): the departments of Curriculum, Instruction and Technology in Education  (CITE), Psychological Studies in Education (PSE) and Educational Leadership and Policy Studies (ELPS). The College remained in a three department configuration until 1998 when, as a result of a University-wide reorganization, Physical Education (PE) moved from the College of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance to the College of Education, and thereby became the College's fourth department. In 1999, by action of the Board of Trustees, the name of the department was changed from Physical Education to Kinesiology. 

There have been many notable achievements of the College during its history. For example, Temple's College of Education was: 

  • The first college of education in the country to offer the Ed.D. degree;
  • A pioneer in the development of kindergarten and pre-school education, with the establishment of one of the first nursery schools in the country on Temple's campus;
  • A major force in the development of research and practice in reading with the creation in 1954 of the Temple Reading Clinic;
  • A national leader in Group Dynamics with the establishment in 1957 of the Fels Group Dynamics Center;
  • The first institution in Pennsylvania,  and among the first  in the nation,  to develop an intern teaching program to provide certification at the graduate level for professionals with degrees and experience outside of education;
  • The developer of a model teacher training program through the federal Teacher Corps program, a program which won the College an award from the American Association for Colleges of Teachers Education;
  • One of the founding members of the Holmes Group;
  • The developer of one of the most successful international programs currently in existence-- the TESOL master's and Ed.D. programs in Japan. 
In summary, throughout its history Temple's College of Education has had an enormous impact on the local, regional, national and international educational community. It has always been the largest college of education in the region, and one of the largest in the country. The College also has always been, and continues to be, the major provider of teachers for the Philadelphia School District and for many of the suburban districts.  A large majority of the principals and superintendents of the neighboring regions have received their degrees from Temple.  Many of the school psychologists, counselors, educational researchers and other educational professionals have been trained at Temple. In a very real sense, the College of Education has shaped the educational direction of the region, a statement which no other institution can easily make. 

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    Professional Educator Programs

    The College of Education strives to prepare caring, competent, and qualified professionals for educational settings. Aspiring teachers, must know the content they will teach, know how to teach the content, and meet high standards of teacher professionalism. To this end, programs in the College of Education are conceptualized around the notion of valuing the diversity of individual learners. We believe in the inherent worth of learners and that in schools and classrooms, as in society, diversity is a resource for learning, not an obstacle to be overcome. The diversity of learners is addressed through the following: 

    • Imparting a thorough knowledge of subject matter and familiarity with the pedagogy, educational technology, and competencies essential to professional practice; 
    • Contributing to the development of the scientific aspect of education through emphasis on the spirit of inquiry and development of research skills; 
    • Promoting improvement in education as a field of both theoretical and applied scholarship; 
    • Evolving such types of preparations as shall ensure the broadest possible social as well as academic and professional education in a dramatically changing world; 
    • Developing educational personnel able to contribute effectively in a pluralistic society; 
    • Discovering, through research by students and faculty, new knowledge in the field of education. 
    Teacher Certification

    Temple provides a variety of ways to obtain certification to teach in public elementary and secondary schools. The major routes to certification are as follows: 

    • Through undergraduate programs in the College of Education. Students who have met the University's admission criteria can request matriculation in the College of Education. There are four broad categories of teaching certificates offered through the College: Elementary Education (for teaching in elementary schools through the sixth grade); Secondary Education (in English, Foreign Language, Mathematics, Science, or Social Studies); Career and Technical Education (formerly Vocational/Technical Education); and Health and Physical Education. Students who are in the Elementary Education Program must also choose an additional area of certification in either Early Childhood Education or Special Education.
    • Through the Five-Year Master's/Secondary Education Certification Program. Students who meet specific admissions criteria may be conditionally admitted to the Graduate Certification Program while still undergraduates.  The Five-Year Program offers the opportunity for  undergraduates from the colleges of Liberal Arts and Science and Technology to obtain an undergraduate degree while simultaneously pursuing a Master's and Secondary Teaching Education Certification.  Qualified students enroll in graduate level courses beginning in the fall semester of the junior year.  Upon successful completion of the undergraduate degree, students make a seamless transition into graduate studies in the College of Education for one additional year.  After satisfying all graduate program requirements, students are awarded a Master's in Education with Secondary Teacher Certification.  Development of a Five-Year Master's/Elementary Education Certification Program is anticipated.  Please consult this website (www.temple.edu/bulletin/education.htm)  for updates about this program.
    • Through the Graduate Certification Program in the College of Education. Students who have a bachelor's degree from an accredited university in a field outside of education may earn an Intern and Instructional I certification plus a Master of Education degree. Programs are available in Elementary, Secondary, Special Education, Career and Technical Education, and Health and Physical Education. In some cases prerequisite courses are required. 
    • Through undergraduate and graduate programs in other colleges. Certification in a variety of areas outside of those provided through the College of Education or through the Five-Year Teacher Certification program are provided by several other colleges. These include:
      • Art - through the Tyler School of Art 
      • Music - through the Esther Boyer College of Music 
      • Health - through Health Studies 
      • Speech - through Speech and Communication Science
      • Home and School Visitor - through Social Administration
    • Through the dual major program in secondary education.  Students who are seeking certification in one of the areas in secondary education will obtain a dual major in education and in their area of expertise.  Specific details about the requirements in these dual majors are available from the Office of Student Services.  The requirement for the dual major will be in effect for all students who matriculate in the Spring, 2001 semester and thereafter.
    Students who are interested in any of these certificates should contact the Dean's office in the appropriate college. Information about all programs leading to certification can be found in the appropriate sections of this Bulletin, and are indexed.

    The College of Education offers an array of post-baccalaureate programs. See the Graduate Bulletin for more information. 

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    Students are considered for admission to the College of Education upon meeting University criteria. Entrance is encouraged at the freshman level. Note that admission to the College of Education does not assure admission to a teacher certification program. Admission to teacher certification programs is highly selective and only a limited number of students can be accepted. Preference is given to students whose grades are exemplary and who have demonstrated a high potential for excellence in teaching in their early professional education courses. 

     In order to be considered for admission to the undergraduate degree program, students must meet high school proficiency requirements as determined by Temple University admissions criteria. To be admitted to a professional certification program, students must meet the following requirements: 

    •Completion of a minimum of 48 semester hours and a minimum overall GPA of 2.8 for Fall 2002, and 3.0 by Fall 2003.

    •Completion of the University Core requirements, including 6 credits of mathematics and 6 credits of English/literature.

    •A grade of C or higher in courses required for the undergraduate degree at Temple.

    •Basic skills proficiency/pass scores for the Pre Professional Skills Test (PPST) in the areas of Reading (172), Writing (173), and Mathematics (173). (Note: These scores are required pass scores as of February 13, 2000 by PA Department of Education.)

    •Pass a speech assessment (certified clinician; standards-based).

    •Pass with a C+ of higher and receive faculty recommendations in the 1st two general professional education courses: Ed 255 and Ed 122 (or the first two courses in Education taken at Temple if the student transfers to Temple).

    •Additional information as may be required by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, including options for admissions if selected criteria are not met.

    Students must be admitted to a certification program in order to enroll in the professional certification sequence and student teaching.

    Recipients of baccalaureate degrees from other colleges (including those within Temple University) and universities should apply directly to the Graduate School for admission to post-baccalaureate degree or certification programs.

    Transfer Students
    Students who wish to transfer to the College of Education from another institution must be admitted through the Temple University Office of Undergraduate Admissions. Transfer credits will be evaluated in the Admissions Office in accordance with College of Education and University policy. 

    Changes in Program Requirements
    Students should be aware that a major revision of most undergraduate teacher certification programs occurred for students admitted to the College of Education after July 1, 1999. These changes have been reflected in this Bulletin. Students are encouraged to check with the Office of Student Services, or with the Department of Curriculum, Instruction and Technology in Education to verify the requirements that pertain to their specific case. In addition, you should check the Web version of the Undergraduate Bulletin for the most current information about College of Education program requirements at the Program Descriptions section,or the College of Education's Web page at www.temple.edu/education/.

    Students admitted into the College of Education prior to July 1, 1999, who have been continuously enrolled, are affected by the requirements in place when they were admitted.

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    See Financial Aid

    Special Scholarships and Aid

    The Mario D. Fantini Scholarship
    This is an annual scholarship renewable each year, leading to the bachelor's degree. The recipient must maintain a 3.0 GPA to be eligible for renewal each year. The scholarship was established by University Trustee Bill Cosby and his wife, Camille in memory of Mario D. Fantini, distinguished educator and alumnus of the University. The scholarship is designed to produce persons of excellence, committed to educational excellence for others, who transcend artificial barriers to make a difference in education. All applicants must be graduates of South Philadelphia High School and must be pursuing a career in education. The first Fantini Scholarship was awarded in 1990, for up to four years. The recipient was selected by the President of Temple from recommendations sent to a Temple scholarship committee. Nominations for the scholarship are made by the faculty of South Philadelphia High School. Applications may be obtained from the guidance counselors at the high school. Students who are interested in this scholarship should contact the Dean of the College of Education. 

    Benjamin Rosner Memorial Loan Fund
    Short term emergency loans are available to undergraduate and graduate students who are degree candidates. Information and applications are available in the Advising Office, Ritter Annex, Room 238. 

    Dr. Alfred and Shirley Freeman Scholarship
    The College awards one or more scholarships of $1,000 or more to Juniors or Seniors majoring in Elementary Education. This scholarship is renewable. 

    Dr. Mildred Rice Jordan Scholarship
    Up to three students may receive $750 renewable annual scholarships. 

    Students should be graduates of Bartram High School, Benjamin Franklin High School, Edison High School, Germantown High School, Martin Luther King High School, Simon Gratz High School, South Philadelphia High School, West Philadelphia High School or University City High School. 

    They must have a strong interest in and desire to teach, particularly in urban school districts or districts having significant populations of minority students. 

    Dalibor W. Kralovec Scholarship
    Up to fifteen students may receive scholarships for approximately 16% of full-time tuition and books. 

    Candidates must be undergraduate seniors (90 credits as of May 18, 2000) with 3.5 GPA or better to apply for this scholarship. 

    Candidates must be engaged in college/campus organizations and promote Temple University. 

    Dr. Margaret J. Messinger Scholarship
    One student may receive a full tuition-and-fees scholarship for the remainder of the student's undergraduate education. 

    Candidates must be an academically excellent (GPA of at least 3.5) student pursuing an undergraduate degree in education, and  must maintain a GPA of at least 3.3 to continue receiving this scholarship. 

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    Every freshman upon enrolling in the College of Education is assigned an academic adviser by the Advising Office. Transfer students are assigned an adviser in the Advising Office for at least one semester. After students have been admitted to a Teacher Certification program, they are assigned a faculty adviser. Students must meet with their advisers at least once each semester for course selection purposes. Academic difficulties should be discussed immediately with one's adviser. 

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    University policies and regulations apply to all undergraduate students and provide a framework within which schools and colleges may specify further conditions or variations appropriate to students in their courses or program. The Handbook for Undergraduate Teacher Education Programs in the College of Education contains additional regulations for education students. 

    Academic Honors
    A student who has completed 60 semester hours or more in residence at Temple University with a minimum GPA of 3.5 may be eligible for academic honors at graduation. A minimum of 45 hours of coursework must be completed with the assignment of letter grades. The remainder may be evaluated on a Credit/No Credit or Pass/Fail basis. A student will be graduated "with distinction" in an academic field upon recommendation of the appropriate department. 

    Courses Inapplicable to Graduation Requirements
    Credits earned in the following courses are excluded from the total hours counted toward graduation: ELECT 0001, 0002, 00003, 0005, 0006; Mathematics 0015 (formerly Mathematics 0001); all SRAP coursework; and Military Science. 

    Courses Inapplicable for Certification
    Students should be aware that the State of Pennsylvania requires a specific set of courses for certification. For this reason, some courses which a student may take may not count toward the courses which are required to be recommended for certification. It is possible, for example, that a student may have accumulated enough credits to graduate, but not have the appropriate courses to be recommended for certification. This is one of the reasons why it is mandatory to meet with an academic adviser at least once per semester. 

    Dean's List
    Students' names will be placed on the Dean's List for any semester in which they complete a minimum of 12 semester hours with letter grades and earn a semester GPA of 3.5 or better. A student whose transcript contains any grades of "I" or "NR" for that particular semester will not be eligible for the Dean's List until these have been cleared. Each semester the College of Education presents a special program of academic and social activities for students on the Dean's List. 

    Grades in Professional Education Courses
    All professional education courses must be completed with a grade of C or higher, with the exception of Ed 0255 and Ed 0122,which require a C+ or higher. Students must be aware, however, that the State of Pennsylvania has significantly-increased the minimum GPA required for certification. For this reason, obtaining the minimal grade of "C" will typically not be sufficient to obtain certification.

    Graduation without Certification 
    In rare instances, a student who is unsuccessful in meeting certification program requirements or who has less than the required grade point average(s) may be graduated without certification provided that selected additional requirements as recommended by the academic adviser, and approved by the department chairperson and the Associate Dean are met. 

    Probation and Dismissal 

    The University requires that all students maintain a 2.0 overall average for all academic work completed at Temple University. Failure to do so will result in scholastic probation for the subsequent semester. Students who fail to raise their overall average to 2.0 during this subsequent semester will be dismissed from the College of Education. Students whose semester GPA with a minimum of 12 s.h. of graded coursework falls below 1.0 or who fail to remove themselves from probation are subject to dismissal. In addition, students must remember that maintaining a minimal GPA of 2.0, while not jeopardizing their standing within the University, will not be sufficient for admission to a teacher certification program nor for recommendation for teacher certification in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

    Students who are on probationary status will not be allowed to carry a roster of more than 12 semester hours. 

    Students who have an overall GPA of 2.0 or better but who drop to a GPA of 1.0 to 1.99 for a single semester will be given an academic warning. Students who receive academic warnings for two consecutive semesters are subject to dismissal from the College of Education. 

    Any student in a teacher certification program whose overall GPA drops below 2.8 in 2002-2003 or 3.0 in 2003-2004 will be given an academic warning. If, after one semester of academic warning, a student has not re-established the required cumulative GPA, the student may be subject to dismissal from the certification program. The College of Education will maintain the same level of achievement as required by the State of Pennsylvania for its minimal GPA for certification and for the student to not be subject to academic actions.

    A student who has been dismissed from the College of Education may petition for admission only after a period of at least one semester in which the student is not enrolled at Temple. This period does not include the summer sessions. Any work taken at Temple University or at any other university or college during the period of exclusion, unless under written program advisement, will not be applicable to a degree program. 

    The total record of an undergraduate student seeking readmission to the College of Education or to a certification program after an absence of three or more semesters shall be subject to review by an academic adviser, the Associate Dean for Teacher Education, and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs. If readmitted, the student's program for completion of degree requirements will then be planned in accordance with those degree requirements currently operative in the program. See Undergraduate Admissions for further information about the readmission process. 

    Transfers Within the College of Education
    Students must be in good academic standing in their program if transfer to another program within the College of Education is to be approved. (To transfer to another program within the College of Education a student must complete a Declaration of Change of Concentration form. This form is available in the Office of Student Services -- RA 238 -- and must be submitted, upon completion, to the Advising Office.) 

    Transfers Within the University
    Students from other Temple schools and colleges who wish to transfer to the College of Education must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.8 or higher. 

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    The degree of Bachelor of Science in Education, with a recommendation for certification to the State of Pennsylvania, may be conferred upon a student by recommendation of the faculty and upon the successful completion of a minimum of 128 semester hours with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.8 for students admitted for Fall 2002, and 3.0 for students admitted for Fall 2003. These credit hours must be earned in three requirement categories: University Core Curriculum requirements; College of Education requirements, including the Professional Course Sequence and, for teacher certification, the General Studies Requirements; and program requirements.

    General Studies Requirements, the University Core Curriculum, and the College of Education's Professional Course Sequence
    Commonwealth standards for teacher certification require that at least one-third of a student's program be taken in general studies. This requirement is designed to assist individuals in their intellectual development and to provide the breadth of background needed by a teacher. This certification standard is met in all programs in the College of Education. In most cases, these general studies credits also meet the University Core Curriculum requirements. 

    In addition to the general studies requirements, all undergraduate students in the College of Education must complete the Professional Education Course sequence. 

    These courses, along with a selected list of courses which meet the general studies requirement or the University Core requirements, are listed below: 

    Professional Course Sequence                                                           23 s.h. 

    Ed 0122

     The Developing Individual Across the Lifespan

    3 s.h.

    Ed. 0155

     Inclusive Education for a Diverse Society

    3 s.h.

    Ed. XO60

     Education and Schooling in America

    3 s.h.

    Ed. 0255

     Effective Use of Instructional Technology in Classrooms

    3 s.h.

    Ed. 0205

     Curriculum Instruction and Technology

    3 s.h.

    Ed. 0206

     Assessment and Evaluation 

    3 s.h.

    Ed. 0224

     Service Learning 

    2-3 s.h.

    Ed. 0225

     Field Experience: Managing the Contemporary Classroom

    3 s.h.
    Note:  Ed 0122 and Ed 0255 must be passed with a C+  or better. 

    Other Requirements for College of Education Students
    In addition to the above required courses, all students in the College of Education must meet the following requirements. Most of these requirements are determined by the University Core Curriculum. Exceptions, exclusions, and additions to these requirements are noted in the individual program descriptions. 

    • Composition/Writing

    • In addition to Composition C050, all students must complete five writing intensive courses. Three of these courses will be Intellectual Heritage X051 and X052, and the College of Education capstone course in the student's major area. 
    • Literature

    • A minimum of one course in literature offered by the English or Foreign Language departments is required. 3 s.h. 
    • Mathematics/Statistics/Logic

    • In addition to C055 (College Mathematics) all students must take at least one additional second semester mathematics, statistics, or logic course from those meeting Core requirements. 6 s.h. 
    • Science and Technology

    • All students must take a minimum of two courses, one first semester and one second semester, from one scientific field. 8 s.h. (Note: Students in the Elementary Education program must take an additional semester of science.) 
    • Social Science

    • In addition to C060 (Psychology as a Social Science), all students are required to take at least one additional course selected from the departments of African American Studies, Anthropology, Economics, Geography and Urban Studies, Political Science, Psychology, or Sociology. 3 s.h. 
    • History

    • All programs in the College requires that students take either C067 (History of the United States to 1877) or C068 (History of the United States since 1877). 3 s.h. 
    • The Arts

    • At least one Core course in performance, appreciation, or history of the arts is required. 3 s.h. 
    • Language or International Studies

    • At least two courses are required. The list of courses meeting the Core requirements is available from advisers. 6 s.h. 
    • American Culture

    • At least one course is required. This requirement can be met through X060/C060 (Education, Schooling, and the Individual in U.S. Society) or by History C067 or C068. 3 s.h. 
    • Race

    • One course in race and racism is required (see your adviser). 3 s.h. 
    • Professional Certification 

    • All curricula leading to the Commonwealth certification are organized to meet the standards established by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. Certificates for which Temple University, College of Education, undergraduate students may be recommended include the following: 
    • Art Education (See Tyler School of Art)
    • Early Childhood Education 
    • Elementary Education 
    • Health Education (See Health Studies)
    • Health and Physical Education
    • Music (See Boyer College of Music)
    • Secondary Education 
      • English 
      • Foreign Language 
        • French 
        • German 
        • Hebrew 
        • Italian 
        • Latin
        • Portuguese 
        • Spanish 
      • Mathematics 
      • Science 
        • Biology 
        • Chemistry 
        • Earth and Space Science 
        • General Science 
        • Physics 
      • Social Studies (no new admissions)
      • Citizenship Education
      • Social Sciences
    • Special Education 
    • Career and Technical Education 
      • Business, Computer, and Information Technology K-12 (Formerly  Business Education) 
      • Cooperative Education 
      • Marketing Education K-12
      • Vocational (Industrial) Education 
    Graduation from the College of Education does not carry automatic endorsement for State Certification. Students desiring certification must hold the appropriate degree and fulfill competency requirements, be recommended by the College of Education, and submit the required application form. Recommendations are predicated upon successful completion of all academic and statutory requirements and on the fitness of the individual for the professional position. 

    Students not obtaining Pennsylvania State Teacher certification within five years of completing their programs must take additional coursework before the College of Education will recommend them for certification. 

    In addition, all students seeking certification are required by the State of Pennsylvania to pass the relevant parts of the Pennsylvania Teacher Certification Testing Program in order to be eligible for teacher certification. As of September 1, 2000 the required tests include the Praxis I and Praxis II batteries.  Students should check with the Office of Student Services for the current regulations. Data on temple Student's performance on the PRAXIS Tests are contained in the following table: 

    Data for Temple Students on State Certification Tests: 2000 - 2001
    Number Taking Assessment
    Number Passing Assessment
    Institutional Pass Rate
    Aggregate Basic Skills (Praxis I)
    478 387 81%
    Professional Knowledge (Praxis II)
    387 319 82

    Academic Content Areas
    (Math, English, Biology, etc)  Praxis II
    411 332 81%
    Other Content Areas
    (Career/Technical; Health Ed, etc) Praxis II
      20 18 90%
    Teaching Special Populations
    (Special Education; ELS, etc) Praxis II 
      52 42 81%
    Summary (Candidates who completed one of more tests across all categories)
      492 356 72%

    Physical and Medical Standards
    All students must meet certain health standards to obtain an Instructional Certificate to teach in the public schools of Pennsylvania. 

    Physical and medical standards for certification and employment vary considerably from one state to another and from one school district to another within the same state. Students expecting to apply for positions in certain school districts should determine what the standards are in evaluating their own prospects for employment. The specific requirements for a given school district may be determined by writing to the appropriate official. Some representative statements of standards are on file in the Office of the Dean. Any student with a medical problem or physical handicap is urged to consult this office and the Health Services staff to ascertain suitability for the teaching profession. 

    State law provides that each student participating in the school must take the same tuberculosis test required of teachers and other school employees. A report of the test obtained no earlier than six months prior to the first contact with school children shall be valid for a period of two calendar years. 

    Diagnostic Speech Assessment
    Candidates for teacher certification are given a diagnostic speech assessment. Additional diagnostic testing may be required and corrective actions may be taken to remediate problems. Decisions about remedial efforts and student eligibility to continue in a program will be determined by the Department Chairperson of the department in which the student is enrolled and approved by the Associate Dean of the College of Education. 

    Performance Assessment

    In addition to the teacher certification tests (Praxis I and Praxis II tests) required by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, students are required to complete three performance assessments in order to gauge the extent to which they (a) know the content they will teach, (b) can teach the content, and (c) embody the professional attributes required of professional educators. The performance assessments occur at three points in the undergraduate program: early on when prospective students are being admitted to certification programs (candidacy); in the junior year, prior to student teaching (intermediate assessment); and before graduation, during/after student teaching (senior assessment). In addition to assessing and informing candidates about their teaching, the performance assessments are intended for use by faculty as a tool for program evaluation. 

    Professional Education Portfolio

    After being admitted to a teacher certification program and for the duration of the degree program, students will be required to maintain a professional education portfolio in either electronic or hard copy form. Faculty will use the portfolio to complement the performance assessment activity described above. The specific requirements for the portfolio will be available from the student’s faculty adviser.

    Student Teaching

    Application for student teaching placement must be made the semester prior to student teaching. Application forms are available in the Student Teaching Center (Ritter Hall 341). The following due dates are in effect: September 15th for Spring semester placements and February 1st for fall semester placements. 

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