Criminal Justice, Ph.D.
COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS
Admission Requirements and Deadlines
Fall: January 15
Applications are evaluated as they are received throughout the year.
Letters of Reference:
Number Required: 3
From Whom: Ideally, the letters should be from college/university faculty
members familiar with academic competence. Letters from employers
and other non-academic assessors are accepted but generally
carry far less weight.
Coursework Required for Admission Consideration:
Master's Degree in Discipline/Related Discipline:
Bachelor's Degree in Discipline/Related Discipline:
Yes. Sociology, geography, history, political science, social
work, law and related fields
Statement of Goals:
The Statement of Goals should be approximately 500-1,000 words
and should include the following elements: your interest
in Temple's program; your research goals and how they relate
to Temple's program; your future career goals; and your academic
and research achievements.
Standardized Test Scores:
The GRE is required. The minimum GRE scores are 500 Verbal
and 500 Quantitative. Applicants with scores just below are
considered if other aspects of their application are especially
Minimum TOEFL score or range of scores needed
to be accepted:
600 or higher on the standard test. 250 or higher on the computerized
test. Students with scores of 575 to 600 (standard) or 230
to 250 (computerized) may be admitted on the condition that
they take the SPEAK test before entering. If the SPEAK test
is failed they must enroll in remedial English courses designed
specifically for international students in the first semester
A resume is required.
sample should demonstrate your ability to
research and write a scholarly paper. The
paper should be no more than 10 pages long
and fully referenced according to a professional,
scholarly style manual. It need not be related directly to
An applicant must supply an official
transcript from their prior graduate institution
to the Graduate Chair. The transcript
must clearly show "M.A. awarded" and provide
the date. The graduate committee will review the request.
All grades must be "B" or better. If a request is
accepted, the student receives advanced standing
and is awarded a maximum of 30 credits. Even though
a student may receive advanced standing, he/she should
still discuss with the graduate chair which required
M.A. courses he/she should complete. The 30 credits
are counted as electives. The maximum number of advanced
standing credits awarded is 30.
Students are able to complete the degree program through classes
offered before and after 4:30 p.m.
General Program Requirements:
Number of Didactic Credits Required Beyond
the Master's: 12
CJ402: Research Methods I
CJ404: Law & Social
CJ405: Statistics I
CJ406: Theories of Crime
CJ602: Research Methods II
CJ605: Statistics II
Ph.D. students without a master's degree:
Electives = 9 to 18 credit hours
the Department = 6 to 15 credit hours
with a master's degree:
course requirements and successfully complete additional elective
Internship: No internship is required.
Language Examination: No language examination is required.
Pass two comprehensive examinations --
in 'Justice' (Criminal justice system focus)
and 'Crime' (Theory focus)
Develop and successfully defend Ph.D. prospectus
Complete and successfully defend dissertation.
The purpose of the preliminary examination (prospectus defense) is to demonstrate critical and interpretive knowledge in specialized areas of both the criminal justice system and criminal justice theory. The examination evaluates the student's ability to apply specific research and/or analytic methods to the questions addressed in the prospectus. The defense will occur within several weeks of the student's advisor confirming, in writing to the graduate chair, that the student is ready to defend their prospectus.
The preliminary examination consists of a short (30-40 minute) presentation of the prospectus by the student to faculty and graduate students. Following the presentation, the graduate chair will mediate a question and answer session between the student and the audience. The defense will take no longer than 2 hours.
Ideally, the prospectus defense should be completed within one academic year of the prliminary examinations.
The members of the student's Dissertation Advisory Committee normally pose the initial questions at the defense. When these have been completed, other audience members are asked to put forth any questions they have for the student.
The Dissertation Advisory Committee will evaluate the prospectus defense. Each member votes to pass or fail the student. Members can also vote to pass pending the completion of specified changes to the prospectus. In order to pass, a majority of the committee members must agree that the defense has been satisfactorily completed.
The advisory committee must evaluate the quality of the presentation and of the answers provided during the question and answer session. Advisory group members look for evidence of a breadth and depth of understanding of specific substantive and methodological areas. In addition, they are looking at the ability of the student to utilize their knowledge to address the questions posed during the defense.
Students who are preparing to defend their prospectus should arrange some dates/times of the defense with their advisory committee. The student should then inform the graduate chair of these dates/times and confirm the final date/time selected. The graduate chair will provide confirmation for the time, date and room.
Dissertation Advising Committee Information
The Dissertation Advising Committee is formed to oversee
the student's doctoral research and is comprised of at
least three Temple Graduate Faculty members. Two members,
including the Chair, must be from the Department of Criminal
Justice. Committee compositions must be approved by the
department's graduate committee. The Chair is responsible
for overseeing and guiding the student's progress, coordinating
the responses of the Committee members, and informing
the student of his or her academic progress.
Dissertation Examining Committee Information
The Dissertation Examining Committee evaluates the student's
dissertation and oral defense. This committee is comprised
of the Doctoral Advising Committee and at least one additional
Graduate Faculty member from outside the Department of
Criminal Justice. The Outside Examiner should be identified
no later than the beginning of the semester in which
the student will defend the dissertation.
If a student needs to change a member of a Committee, the
new member must be approved by the department's graduate
committee and registered with the Graduate Secretary
and the Graduate School.
The Doctoral Dissertation is an original empirical study
that makes a significant contribution to the field of
criminal justice. It should expand the existing knowledge
and demonstrate the student's knowledge of both research
methods and a mastery of his or her primary area of interest.
Dissertations should be rigorously investigated, uphold
the ethics and standard of the field of criminal justice,
demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between
the primary area of interest and the broader field of
criminal justice, and be prepared for publication in
a professional journal.
Philosophy of the Proposal
The Prospectus includes the following: * title page * an
abstract of no more than 250 words * list of tables *
list of figures * table of contents * a detailed literature
review describing the problem, the empirical work in
the area, and the implications of the problem for theory,
policy, and practice * a clear statement of the problem
or questions to be addressed * a detailed description
of the data to be gathered, and how it is to be obtained.
* a detailed analysis plan * a timeline for completion
of the project * a plan for addressing issues related
to the Protection of Human Subjects and complying with
IRB procedures * a complete bibliography
Criterion for Passing the Dissertation and the Defense.
The Committee will evaluate the student's ability to express
verbally his or her research question, methodological
approach, primary findings, and implications. The Committee
will vote to pass or fail the dissertation and the defense
at the conclusion of the public presentation.
Dissertation Defense Scheduling
Students who are preparing to defend their dissertation
should confirm a time and date with their Dissertation
Advisory Committee and register with the Graduate Secretary
at least 30 days before the defense is to be scheduled.
The Graduate Secretary will arrange the time, date, and
room. and forward to the student the appropriate paperwork.
Announcing the Dissertation Defense
After the Graduate Secretary has arranged the time, date,
and room, for the defense, the student must send to
the Graduate School (501 Carnell Hall) a completed "Announcement
of Dissertation Defense" form at least 10 working days
before the defense. The Department will post fliers
announcing the defense.
Program Contact Information:
Dept. of Criminal Justice
Gladfelter Hall, 5th Floor
1115 W. Berks Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
George F. Rengert
George F. Rengert
Ralph B. Taylor
About the Program
The Ph.D. degree program in Criminal Justice
is designed to produce criminal justice scholars
who will provide the future leadership for
the field in academia, private and governmental
research agencies, and policy level positions
in criminal justice and related organizations.
The Ph.D. degree requires the completion of
a minimum of 48 hours of coursework (though
students may take additional courses to prepare
themselves for subsequent stages of their
Time Limit for Degree Completion: 7 years
Students are able to complete the degree
program through classes offered before and
after 4:30 p.m. Students are able to complete
the degree program on a part-time basis (8
credit hours or less per semester).
Dept. of Criminal Justice
Gladfelter Hall, 5th Floor
1115 W. Berks Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
There is no formal ranking of criminal
justice programs, though the Journal of Criminal
Justice Education has produced occasional
articles on program productivity. Temple University's
Criminal Justice Program is classed among
a number of schools which are acknowledged
to have extremely strong faculty, within the
top three in faculty publication in 2002.
Areas of Specialization:
Faculty members specialize and offer
substantial coursework in a wide array of
areas. Some of the broader topics covered
are: criminological theory, corrections and
community corrections, issues in policing,
court processes, white collar crime, organized
crime, crime and the physical/social environment,
crime mapping and spatial analysis, juvenile
justice, criminal law, criminal justice policy-making
and strategic management, discretion in criminal
justice, restorative justice, socialization
and deviant behavior, and research methods
(qualitative/quantitative) and statistical
analysis. More specific details of faculty
research and publications can be found at
the Department's Graduate program website.
The Ph.D. program is primarily dedicated
to producing well-trained criminologists,
researchers and criminal justice practitioners.
The job market for an individual with a Ph.D.
degree in the field is extremely good. Most
of our graduate students enter the academy
as university profesors while others advance
their careers in research for government or
The program encourages interdisciplinary
coursework, research, and interactions among
faculty and students with interests in a wide
range of fields. Many of the students entering
the Criminal Justice graduate program have
backgrounds in subjects such as history, political
science, psychology, social work, counseling,
sociology, geography, urban studies, and economics.
Non-Degree Student Policy:
Non-matriculated students are eligible
to take some of the graduate Criminal Justice
courses offerred. If accepted to the program,
those courses may be applied toward the degree
program. For some courses, permission of the
instructor is required before registration
by non-matriculated students can occur.
Teaching Assistant (TA): The principal duties
of a Teaching Assistant include assisting
faculty members in classroom (field, observatory)
instruction, conducting tutorials and discussion
sections, and grading quizzes. Research Assistant
(RA): Research Assistants are expected to
devote 20 hours per week on average to research
obligations. RA's are assigned to a faculty
member or principal investigator who is investigating
a specific research project. The appropriate
subjects are determined by consultation between
the student and the student's research and
academic advisors. Both Teaching and Research
Assistantships carry a stipend and full-tuition
remission (up to nine credits). Applications
should include: (a) a statement of previous
teaching and/or research experience, areas
of interest and future goals; (b) unofficial
transcripts; and (c) a curriculum vitae. The
department makes offers of assistantships
in late Spring of each year. Applications
should be directed to the Department address