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Architecture Program
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Founded 1969
Brigitte L. Knowles, Director 
810 Engineering Building
1942 N. 12th Street
(215) 204-8813 

The present Architecture Program was founded in 1969, granting four-year degrees. In 1978, Temple's five-year Bachelor of Architecture program was accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board. Temple then joined 90 some schools offering accredited programs in architecture in the United States. 

The program is essentially urban in character. Philadelphia's 300 years of history have resulted in an environment of exceptional character, including many buildings of international acclaim. A wide variety of neighborhoods, public buildings, and major urban design projects serve as examples for evaluation and study. Philadelphia's architects and urban designers have made important contributions to their art. Faculty members continue in their own professional practices and through them, the students have access to the wide range of professional viewpoints and opportunities in Philadelphia. 


In the context of architecture as art, intellectualism, and practice, the program believes that the mission of an architect, and architecture as a whole, should be in creating aesthetically enriching built environments for the needs of human beings, in revitalizing the urban fabric, and in being stewards of the global environment. 

The challenge to stay abreast of the changes and to make certain that the program has a high technological profile in the creative use of sophisticated information technology, enables  both the students and the faculty to move through the twenty-first century with utmost professional confidence in our collective efforts as artists, intellectuals, and practitioners. 

The Temple Architecture Program embraces the university mission to provide affordable quality education to a culturally diverse population while focusing specifically on the advancement and dissemination of architectural and artistic knowledge. 

Program Descriptions

The Architecture curricula share a common two-year basic studies program. Upon successful completion of this preparatory program, students may either continue in the Bachelor of Science in Architecture program (professional option-four years) or may apply for acceptance to the NAAB  accredited professional program. 

Within the professional program, two degrees are offered: The Bachelor of Science in Architecture (professional option-four years) and the Bachelor of Architecture (five years). The five-year Bachelor of Architecture curriculum is a professional degree program that prepares students for the practice of architecture in entry-level positions, and is part of an intern development program which leads to professional registration. This curriculum is designed to enable students to learn theories and methodologies of architectural design as well as to understand the social, economic, political, and technological forces which shape the built environment. The principal educational component of the program is a coordinated series of studio courses in which creative design talents and management skills are developed. The Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) Program is accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB). Holders of this degree may, upon completion of postgraduate apprenticeship, be admitted to the architectural licensing examination offered in each state, through which they may become registered architects. 

Study in Temple's Rome program is offered to selected students in both the fall and spring of either the third or the fourth year of the Bachelor of Architecture curriculum. Students must apply for this program jointly through the program and the International Programs office. Only a limited number of students may attend each semester. See International Programs and Study Abroad section for further details. 

The four-year Bachelor of Science in Architecture (B.S. in Architecture) program is designed to develop a strong base in architectural theory and practice upon which students may develop additional areas of special competence based upon individual goals. Graduates are qualified for a variety of positions in architecture and related fields for which a professional degree and registration are not requirements for advancement. Additionally, students may utilize this degree toward the goal of architectural education at the graduate level. 

Transfer students are sometimes admitted with advanced standing. Students who already hold a bachelor's degree and certain other upper-level transfer students may be eligible for consideration for participation in various options for acceleration. Placement in the program is based upon prior architectural education, not merely the number of credits earned at another institution. All transfer students must consult directly with the program after admission but well in advance of registration. 

Projects completed by students in their studio course become property of Temple University when submitted and may be retained for display and review purposes. 

Note: The architectural curricula are under continuous review. Changes are made as necessary to offer instruction in emerging fields of practice and to comply with accreditation requirements. Students should consult the current Architecture Student Guide to review the current requirements.

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Admission to the University does not guarantee admission to the Architecture Program. Admission will be granted to those students with strong academic credentials. In some instances students may be requested to submit a portfolio of creative work to aid in the admission process. 

Professional Program Admissions in Architecture

All students (both continuing and transfer) must apply for admission to the third year and above of the professional program. This admission is competitive. Details of the requirements and applications are available from the Architecture Program Office. Applications are normally due in mid-March for continuing students and mid-May for new transfer students. 

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Student Association

Temple Architectural Students Association (TASA) 

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Policies and Regulations

The University policies and regulations generally apply to all undergraduate students and provide a framework within which schools and colleges may specify further conditions or variations appropriate to students in their courses or programs. The Architecture Student Guide should also be consulted. 


All students in the Architecture Program will be assigned a faculty adviser. Any student with Core or other academic issues should see the Director of Student Services for advice. Students not officially in the program will need to speak with the Program Director. 

Anticipation of Graduation

Architecture students who intend to graduate must formally submit a graduation checklist to the program office the semester prior to the anticipated graduation. During the early part of the semester of graduation, students must formally apply to the University. The student must pay a graduation fee and then present a validated Treasurer's receipt as evidence of payment along with a University application to the Program's Student Services Office. 

Courses Inapplicable to Graduation Requirements

Credits completed in ELECT, SRAP, Mathematics 0015 and 0045 do not accrue toward graduation. Military Science courses cannot be credited toward graduation. 

Dean's List

Full-time matriculated students who, for a given semester, complete 15 semester hours or more with no "I" or "NR" grades and with no grade less than "C" may qualify for the Dean's List when the semester GPA is at least 3.20. 

Independent Study

A student is permitted to take no more than two independent study courses. Permission is granted only if a student needs the course to complete his/her studies. They can be taken only in the junior and senior years. The independent study work must cover the content in a course listed in the official course inventory file. Students must complete an independent study form in the program office prior to the registration for the course. 

Minimum Grade Point Average

Matriculated students in the basic studies program must maintain a grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 at all times. Students with less than a 2.0 will be placed on academic probation or dismissed from the University by the Academic Standing Committee (ASC). 

Students in the B.Arch. program must maintain a 2.5 GPA. Students with less than a 2.5 will be placed on academic probation or dismissed from the University by the ASC. 

A warning notice will be sent to all matriculated students whose GPA for any particular semester falls below 2.0. 

Students are placed on probation based on the total number of credits earned including transfer credit, but the GPA used is that computed for Temple University courses only. 

Students placed on probation must repeat all required courses failed in their respective curriculum prior to being permitted to take any advanced coursework in their designated programs. Students on probation may not schedule more than four courses nor more than 14 semester hours. 

Students who fall below the recommended "Drop Guidelines" will be dismissed. They may petition the Program Director in order to be reinstated after one semester has elapsed. If reinstated, they will be permitted to take a course load comprised of the required courses for the curriculum which they failed. 

A minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0 is required for graduation from the B.S. program. Students in the Bachelor of Architecture program must maintain a cumulative GPA of 2.5, as well as a 2.5 GPA in their major courses. Courses with grades of D+ or lower may not be credited toward the professional degrees in Architecture if earned after admission to the professional program. 

Non-Traditional Credits

A maximum of 12 semester hours of credit will be allowed by the program in relevant work experience, and Advanced Placement or CLEP examinations. No other non-traditional credit will be granted. 

Relevant Work Experience

Matriculated students may be granted academic credits for work experience if it is judged to be an adequate substitute for all or part of particular courses required of the student. Experience must be related to a specific course in the curriculum offered by the program. Work experience must be acquired before entering Temple University. Credit will only be granted after completion of 30 semester hours of course work. Other requirements and applications are available in the Program Office. 

Transfer Credit

Transfer credit to the program can be granted only from an accredited institution of higher learning. Co-op education, credit for life experience, and advanced placement credits are not transferable from other institutions. 

New transfer credits are not granted after a student has matriculated into a degree program. Under special circumstances, students may take courses at other institutions and have transfer credits awarded. Permission for such arrangements must be approved in advance by the Director of Student Services. Students must complete 30 s.h. of the last 45 s.h. at Temple University, as a matriculated student, in order to graduate with a Temple degree. 

Transfer Placement in Architecture

All students seeking advanced placement in architecture courses must present their credentials for review. The review process will vary depending upon the type of credit sought. In no case will students be admitted to the professional program without submission and review of an application. As the Admissions Committee meets infrequently over the summer, it is essential that all required applications material be submitted by the mid-May deadline. 

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Architecture Degree Requirements
Architecture Basic Studies s.h.
Mathematics C075, 0076  8
Physics C083, C084  8
Composition C050  3
Intellectual Heritage X051, X052 6
Arch C001, 0011, 0012, 0031, 0032, 0131, 0132, C141, C142, 0151, 0152 40
Total 65

Architecture (B.S. in Architecture - four year)

Architecture Basic Studies and the following totaling *126 s.h. 

  • Additional Core Curriculum courses -- 9 s.h. 
  • Arch 0174, 0231, 0243, 0251, 0252, 0253, W261, 0331, 0351, Behavioral/Cultural elective and 3 free Arch electives -- 46 s.h. 
  • Free elective -- 3 s.h. 
* Student is also required to complete two additional writing intensive courses as well as one Studies in Race course to complete the University Core requirements. These courses may be completed as separate courses or in combination with one of the above requirements if possible. 
Architecture (B.Architecture -- five-year)

Architecture Basic Studies, admission to the professional program, and the following totaling **158 s.h. 

  • Additional Core Curriculum courses -- 12 s.h. 
  • Arch 0174, 0231, 0232, 0243, 0251, 0252, 0253, W261, 0331, 0332, 0351, W441, 0442, 0431, 0432, 0433, 0434, Behavioral/Cultural elective and 3 free Arch electives -- 78 s.h. 
  • Free elective -- 3 s.h. 
** Same as * (above) except only one additional writing-intensive course required. 
Architecture Electives

Architectural electives are grouped in categories. The required distribution of the free electives must be taken from at least two but no more than three categories. 

  • Communications: Arch C017, 0113, 0210, 0211, 0212, 0310, 0311 
  • Design: Arch 0234, 0330 
  • History/Theory: Arch 0240, 0241, 0242, 0244, 0246, 0340, 0343, 
  • Art History 0235, 0236 (in Rome) 
  • Technology: Arch 0250, 0254, 0255, 0350, 0353, 0354 
  • Practice: Arch 0361, 0362 
  • Urbanism: Arch X171, 0172, 0173, 0273 
  • Site/Context: Arch 0175, 0275, 0270, 0370 
  • Behavioral/Cultural: Arch 0081, W082, 0181, 0280, 0380, Anthropology R060 
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NAAB Statement

In the United States, most state registration boards require a degree from an accredited professional degree program as a prerequisite for licensure. The National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB), which is the sole agency authorized to accredit US professional degree programs in architecture, recognizes two types of degrees: the Bachelor of Architecture and the Master of Architecture. A program may be granted a five-year, three-year, or two-year term of accreditation, depending on its degree of conformance with established educational standards. 

Master's degree programs may consist of a pre-professional undergraduate degree and a professional graduate degree, which, is the sole agency authorized to accredit US professional degree programs in architecture, recognizes two types of degrees: the Bachelor of Architecture and the Master of Architecture. A program may be granted a five-year, three-year, or two-year term of accreditation, depending on its degree of conformance with established educational standards. 

Architecture Program Faculty

Rochelle Toner, Dean, Tyler School of Art. 
Brigitte L. Knowles, Program Director. 
Kelly E. McCabe, Director of Student and Alumni Services. 

George L. Claflen, Jr., M.Arch., M.C.P., University of Pennsylvania, FAIA. 
C. William Fox, M.Arch., University of Pennsylvania, RA. 
J. Brooke Harrington, B.Arch., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, RA. 
Brigitte L. Knowles, M.Arch., University of Pennsylvania, RA. 
John J. Pron, M.Arch., University of Pennsylvania, AIA. 
Roy Vollmer, M.Arch., University of Pennsylvania. 

Sally Harrison, M.Arch., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, AIA. 
M. Katherine Wingert-Playdon, M.S.Arch., Pennsylvania State University. 

Howard Brunner, M.F.A., University of Delaware. 
Anna DiNoto, Dott. Arch., Rome, RA. 
Emanuel Kelly, M.C.P., Harvard University, RA. 
Giuseppi Milani, Dott. Arch., Rome. 
Walter Moleski, B.Arch., Tulane University, RA. 

Anthony Tsirantonakis, B.Arch., Cooper Union. 
William Wachsberger, M.Arch., University of Pennsylvania. 

Osman Ataman, Ph.D., Georgia Institute of Technology. 

Anwar Alnemri, M.S.E., Temple University. 
Kathryn D. Cleveland, B.Arch., Drexel University. 
George Downs, M.S.Arch., Columbia University. 
Peter Hecht, Ph.D., Univ. of Colorado at Boulder. 
Taeg Nishimoto, M.Arch., Cornell University. 
Franco Possemato, M.Arch., Columbia University. 
Ellen Prantl, B.Arch., Temple University. 
Ken Roscioli, B.Arch., Pennsylvania State University. 
Margaret Santos, M.Arch., Rice University. 
Richard Shiga, B.Arch.,Temple University. 
Bruce Thompson, B.S.Arch., University of Cincinnati. 
Amy Walters, B.Arch., Temple University. 

Comments and questions concerning this web version of the bulletin or requests for adding reference marks for linking to subsections of a page may be sent to Robert Schneider