Arguing for a recovery of a radical democratic tradition that emphasizes the role of individual participation in the development and control of social and political institutions
Skepticism and Political Participation
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Aryeh Botwinick argues for the recovery of a radical democratic tradition that emphasizes the role of individual participation in the development and control of social and political institutions. Such involvement implies philosophical skepticismthe assumption that the truth about what is the best course of action cannot be known with certainty and that, therefore, every personís opinion has an equal claim to be considered. The crucial stumbling block to reappropriating this radical egalitarian tradition is the supposed unviability of a consistent skepticism. In an effort to chart a new course of philosophical inquiry into political matters, Botwinick grapples with the formulation of a consistent version of skepticism, claiming that it provides "a continually renewing impetus for the expansion of political participation."
Twentieth-century philosophers have, for the most part, opted for some version of mitigated skepticism, which, the author argues, "has blinded them to the radical political implications of skepticism." Underscoring a pattern of convergence between Anglo-American and Continental philosophy, Botwinick proposes a number of strategies to rehabilitate the rationality of participatory democratic political institutions by articulating an acceptable version of consistent skepticism.
"This strong and important work explores the political implications of a radical epistemological skepticism in an eloquent and cogent manner. It inserts itself squarely into contemporary philosophical trends: the abandonment of 'foundationalism' and the rise of neopragmatism. There are two unique an unusual qualities to the book: first, it focuses on the political dimensions of epistemologya dimension commonly neglected in the literature; second, Botwinick relies both on Anglo-American arguments (from Quine to the later Wittgenstein) and on Continental philosophy (from Nietzsche to Foucault)something rarely done in other works."
Aryeh Botwinick, Associate Professor of Political Science at Temple University, is the author of seven books, including Democracy and Scarcity, Power and Empowerment: A Radical Theory of Participatory Democracy (with Peter Bachrach), and Postmodernism and Democratic Theory.