02405/Criminal Justice

Preparatory Courses

0004. Discovering Criminal Justice (1 s.h.) F S.

This course is designed to introduce students to the field of criminal justice as a major. The primary goal is to provide prospective criminal justice majors with resources and support to help them make an informed decision about pursuing a career in the field of criminal justice.

Note: Restricted to students with less than 30 credits.

Lower Division Courses

C050. Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 s.h.) F S SS. Core: IN.

Introduction to the structure and issues of the criminal justice system. The prevalence and nature of crime and the response of justice agencies to it, ranging from arrest of suspects, prosecution, adjudication, and correctional treatment of offenders.

Upper Division Courses

0101. Introduction to Corrections (3 s.h.) F S SS.

An overview of sentencing, punishment, and treatment of convicted offenders. Beginning with sentencing, the course explores the options for dealing with convicted persons, including institutional and community dispositions.

0102. Introduction to Law Enforcement (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Survey of major trends and issues in law enforcement. The history and contemporary operation of police organizations, as well as the legal framework within which they operate. Police behavior and attitudes, especially as they effect discretionary decision making, and issues such as police brutality and corruption.

0103. Criminal Courts and Criminal Justice (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Comprehensive introduction to the U.S. criminal court system. Structure and administration of federal and state court systems. Focus on several significant stages in the criminal process, including decision to charge, pretrial release, preliminary hearings, the grand jury, jury trials, and sentencing. Examination of roles of the prosecutor, defense attorney, judge, and victim. Contrasts the popular image with the reality of the court system.

0105. Introduction to Juvenile Justice (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice C050 or permission of instructor.

Study of the juvenile justice system, including its origins, and development and contemporary calls for reform. Topics include definition of juvenile delinquency, philosophy and procedures of the juvenile justice system. Processes and policies used to control juvenile offenders, correctional treatment of juveniles, and prevention and intervention strategies will also be discussed.

0130. Nature of Crime (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Overview of the various theories explaining crime and deviance. Emphasis on understanding the wide range of theoretical perspectives on crime and criminals, and how these theories impact on criminal justice policy and treatment of offenders.

0141. Victims in Society (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Course covers four main areas: What do we know about crime victims and victimization? What are the emotional, behavioral and psychological reactions to victimization? What rights do victims have in the criminal justice system? What can the criminal justice system do to reduce the adverse impact of victimization?

W145. Planned Change (3 s.h.) F S SS. Core: WI.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice C050, Core Composition C050/C051 and IH X051/X052.

Introduction to strategies and techniques of change in criminal justice. Important theories, methods of analysis, and techniques employed in changing individuals, organizations, and communities.

Note: This is our capstone writing intensive course. This course is open to criminal justice majors only.

0150. Introduction to Criminal Law (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Study of the general principles of substantive criminal law. Topics include the American legal system and appellate process; nature, origin and purposes of criminal law; constitutional limits on criminal law; elements of crime - actus reus, mens rea, causation; and defenses to charges of crime. Emphasis on application of legal rules to solve hypothetical and real life legal problems.

0153. Police-Community Relations (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Introduction to community-based approaches to law enforcement, the interaction of the police with the community, and the impact of police interventions at the community level. Situational policing, foot-patrol, team policing, and community policing considered in their contribution to community safety and crime prevention.

0160. Introduction to Criminal Justice Research (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Examines different research tools used to gather empirical information on criminal justice issues. Reviews benchmarks of scientific quality, and research tools like qualitative field methods, survey research, experiments, quasi-experiments, and career research. Special attention devoted to research problems often salient when researching criminal justice topics.

C161. Criminal Justice Research and Analysis (3 s.h.) F S SS. Core: QB.

Introduction to basic statistical methods and their application to criminal justice data. Covers both descriptive and inferential statistics. Topics include frequency distributions, measures of central tendency and dispersion, and basic hypothesis testing.

0175. Rehabilitation of the Offender (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0101 or permission of instructor.

Community and institutional correctional interventions are considered, examination of various treatments for certain kinds of offenders, problems in providing services in correctional settings, and research findings on the effectiveness of correctional interventions.

0201. White Collar Crime (3 s.h.) F S SS.

The nature, extent, and cost of white collar crime. Analysis of several forms of white collar (corporate and individual) crime, the relevance of law-making to lawbreaking, problems of detection and punishment and the causes of this social problem. Discussion of policy evaluation and suggested reforms.

0202. Issues in Criminal Procedure: Law Enforcement Practices and Procedures (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0150 or permission of instructor.

In depth exploration of the law of criminal procedure applicable to the "police phase" of the criminal process, based primarily on reading and analysis of Supreme Court opinions establishing the legal rules that govern searches and seizures, arrests, interrogation, identification procedures, investigating grand juries, and entrapment. Investigation of the historical roots of the Bill of Rights and study of the process by which criminal procedure became constitutionalized. Emphasis on application of legal rules to real and hypothetical situations and critical analysis of rulesí impact on the criminal justice system

0212. Community Corrections (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0101 or permission of instructor.

Various dimensions of community corrections, including the effect of the community on the formation of correctional policy, as well as the numerous intermediate sanctions ("community corrections") available on the continuum between probation and incarceration. Analysis of correctional policy making. Topics include probation, parole, electronic monitoring, day reporting centers, boot camps, and many other sentencing options.

0236. Prisons in America (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0101 or permission of instructor.

Focus on development, current state of, and issues related to the U.S. prison system. Examination of the reality of the prison experience. Analysis of the systemís efficacy and strategies for prison reform. Topics include prison life and culture, correctional management, the history of incarceration, and AIDS, drugs, sexual activity, and prison privatization.

0241. Legal Research (2 s.h.) F S.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0150 or permission of instructor.

Students will explore different areas of legal research. Topics include the introduction to the use of legal materials including federal and state sources, legislation, legal periodicals and treatises. Techniques of conducting legal research are taught through written student research projects.

Note: Enrollment through special permission

0243. The American Jury System (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Examination of the role of the jury within the larger context of the criminal justice system. Exploration of the origins of the concept of "trial by jury" in an historical and philosophical context. Analysis of obstacles to definitions and operationalization of the notion of a "trial by jury of one's peers." Discussion of contribution of juries to attainment of criminal justice system goals. Analysis of suggestions for jury reform.

0244. Court Administration (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0103 or permission of instructor.

A survey of the development and current organization of local and state courts. The emphasis will be on current administrative practices and procedures. The course will also examine the role of court administration in judicial proceedings and the effects of management programs on judicial discretion.

0247. Criminal Procedure: Prosecution & Adjudication (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0150 or permission of instructor.

The legal principles governing the post-investigation phase of the criminal justice process: bail, pretrial detention, arraignment, preliminary hearings, guilty pleas, right to counsel, speedy trial, double jeopardy, and the right to trial by jury, including practical impact of these rules on the criminal justice system. Law and legal issues are examined primarily through study of U.S. Supreme Court cases.

0250. Police Organization and Management (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0102 or permission of instructor.

Historical and contemporary management practices as applied to law enforcement organizations are examined, with particular concern for assessing police management accountability. Theories of organization and management are examined with regard to the police role and the efficient and effective provision of law enforcement services to the community.

0255. Correctional Law (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0150 or permission of instructor.

Post-conviction facets of the criminal justice system are examined in detail. Special emphasis is placed upon the law that governs the relationships of inmates, police, courts, and correctional staff during the institutionalization of the offender. The constitutional rights of both inmates and correctional staff are stressed.

0278. Urban Crime Patterns (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Cross Listed with GUS278.

The spatial variation of crime is analyzed at three levels. Cultural variables are used to explain crime in regions of the United States within which the cities are located. Economic base is used to explain variation in crime between cities. Finally, housing and income segregation are used to explain the spatial variation of crime within a city. Much of the course focuses on Philadelphia.

0285. Environmental Criminology (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice 0130 or permission of instructor.

The course addresses three central questions: Where do offenders and delinquents live? Where do offenses take place? What is the journey to crime? The course examines these questions using five theoretical frameworks: human ecology, behavioral geography, routine activities, human territorial functioning (including "defensible space"), and situational crime prevention.

0294. Organized Crime (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Analysis of definitional issues and methodological problems in the study of organized crime. Study of a variety of organized criminal activities on the local, national and international level. Exploration of the origins, opportunity, and motives for criminal enterprises. Examination of interconnections between organized criminals and legitimate organizations. Analysis of legislative and policy responses.

0303. Criminal Justice Practicum (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Departmental approval. Co-Requisite: Criminal Justice 0304.

Mandatory weekly seminar to be taken in conjunction with field service internship with law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies, rehabilitation and prevention programs, and community organizations dealing with the crime problem.

0304. Criminal Justice Practicum Lab (3 to 9 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Department approval. Co-Requisite: Criminal Justice 0303.

Field Service Training is provided with law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies, rehabilitation and prevention programs, and community organizations dealing with the crime problem. Allows a student to clarify career interests, synthesize prior knowledge from the classroom with direct experience, critically examine the criminal justice system in operation, and sharpen analytic and observational skills.

Note: Students may register for 3 (10 hours per week), 6 (20 hours per week), or 9 credits (30 hours per week).

0305. Youth and Crime (3 s.h.) F S SS.

An examination of key issues associated with youth and crime in the United States, and the educational, social, and cultural efforts to reduce youth involvement with guns, drugs, and gangs. Emphasis will be on the nature and structure of youth gangs, drug use by juveniles, and risk factors associated with youth violence. Other issues may include curfews, gun violence, victims of youth violence, and the over-representation of minority youth in the juvenile justice system.

0310. Drugs, Crime, and Criminal Justice (3 s.h.) F S SS.

This course examines the role that drugs play in the U.S. criminal justice system. Topics covered include the history of drug prohibition in the U.S.; the types of illegal drugs currently available in the United States; patterns, trends, and scope of illicit drug use; consideration of the relationship between drugs and crime; and manifestations and consequences of the criminal justice system response. The course includes hands-on experiential learning including site visits to locations such as drug court and rehabilitation programs.

0315. Sexual Crimes and the Law (3 s.h.) F S SS.

An exploration of the definition and nature of sexual crimes, the experiences of victims of sexual violence, and the criminal justice system and community response to sex crime offenders.

0325. Capital Punishment (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: C050.

An examination of the highly controversial subject of the death penalty. The history of capital punishment in America and the types of offenses to which it has been applied; arguments for and against its use; its status in current legislation; significant cases; the current death row population and the likelihood of execution; public attitudes toward capital punishment; and the moral issues it raises.

0330. Violence, Crime, and Justice (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Exploration of violence in its diverse aspects as well as collective and individual questions about its nature and causes. Of particular interest are definitions of violence: when is violence criminal, when is it political? In addition to discussion of the causes of violence, emphasis will be placed on societyís response to violent acts.

R335. Urban Minorities and the Criminal Justice System (3 s.h.) F S SS. Core: RS.

Study of the social, cultural, economic, psychological, and political factors associated with race and crime in the United States. Examination of the real and perceived relationship between race/ethnicity and criminal activity, as well as the impact of both personal and institutional racism on the criminal justice system.

0340. Women and Criminal Justice (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Cross Listed with Women Studies 0273.

Examination of historic and contemporary treatment of women involved in the criminal justice system as offenders, victims of crime, and workers in criminal justice professions. Specific topics may include: criminological theories of womenís crime, prostitution, infanticide, womenís prisons, sexual offenses, domestic violence, and womenís experience in policing, corrections, and law.

0346. Crime and Social Policy (3 s.h.) F S.

Examination of social policy implications of various perspectives on crime. Crime statistics, geographic patterns of crime, types of criminal behavior, and criminological theories in terms of their policy implications. Recent and proposed reforms and recommendations of national crime commissions and other standard-setting bodies.

0350. Community and Crime Prevention (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Course links features of community and individuals with different responses to crime and disorder, including individual and community prevention efforts. Examines causes of fear of crime, impacts of neighborhood features on reactions to crime, and types of prevention efforts mounted in different types of neighborhoods. Emphasizes linking individuals, community context, and psychological and behavioral reactions to disorder.

0353. Critical Issues in Law Enforcement (3 s.h.) F S SS.

In-depth examination of some of the most significant philosophical and operational problems and dilemmas confronting the American police and those to whom the police are accountable. These include issues related to personnel; definition and assessment of police effectiveness; the movements toward problem and community oriented policing; domestic violence; corruption; and force and violence.

0365. Psychology and Criminal Justice (3 s.h.) F S.

The contribution of psychology to our understanding of various aspects of and decisions within the criminal justice process. The psychological implications of criminal behavior, criminal justice decision-making, jury selection, witness recall, sentencing, prisonization, and correctional treatment.

0366. Historical Roots of Urban Crime (3 s.h.) F S.

Cross Listed with History 0278.

The historical development of organized crime (gambling, prostitution, narcotics, and bootlegging), professional theft, juvenile delinquency, and deviant subcultures in American cities since the Civil War. The development of criminal justice institutions, especially police, and their relationship to criminal activity.

Note: Prior background in history or criminal justice preferred, but not required

0375. Independent Study (3 s.h.) F S SS.

Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing in Criminal Justice, 3.0 grade point average, and permission of the instructor.

For students wishing to engage in intensive study of a specific topic in consultation with a faculty member. Not intended to be a substitute for any required course. The student and faculty member must enter into an agreement regarding the content and requirements, including readings, meetings, and papers.

Note: The agreement must be filed in the department office before the end of the first two weeks of the semester.

0380. Comparative Criminal Justice (3 s.h.) F S.

Prerequisite: Criminal Justice C050 and 0130 or permission of instructor.

Philosophies, practices, and institutions of criminal justice in other countries.

0385. Information Systems in Criminal Justice (3 s.h.) F S SS.

This course will provide students with an overview of computer crime, the legislative responses to computer crime, and the issues encountered by police when enforcing laws in cyberspace. Emphasis is on how communication technologies (e.g., computers and related networking technologies) can be targets of crime, instruments of crime, and important sources of criminal evidence.

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