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Music Studies: Music Theory


    • BA: Music and Mathematics, Yale University
      MBA: Stanford University
      PhD: Ethnomusicology and Music Theory, CUNY Graduate Center

      Noriko Manabe joined the Boyer faculty in January 2016. She previously taught at Princeton University, University of Pennsylvania, and CUNY, and she has held visiting research positions at SOAS, the Library of Congress, Tokyo University of the Arts, and International Research Center for Japanese Studies. She received her PhD from CUNY Graduate Center, where she completed doctoral requirements for both ethnomusicology and music theory. Her research draws from the social sciences, ethnography, and musical analysis.

      Manabe’s research centers on music and social movements and on popular music. Her first monograph, The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Protest Music After Fukushima(Oxford University Press, 2015/2016), addresses the different roles of musicians in the performance spaces of cyberspace, demonstrations, festivals, and recordings. The book won the John Whitney Hall Book Prize (for the best book in Japanese studies) from the Association for Asian Studies and Honorable Mention for the Alan Merriam Prize (for the best book in ethnomusicology) from the Society for Ethnomusicology. Manabe has also published journal articles and book chapters on Japanese hip-hop, rap and language, ringtones, online radio, children’s songs as propaganda, Cuban modernists, and Cuban singer-songwriter Silvio Rodríguez. Her articles have appeared inEthnomusicology, Popular Music, Asian Music, Latin American Music Review, Oxford Handbook of Mobile Music Studies, Oxford Handbook of Children’s Musical Cultures, Cambridge Companion to Hip-Hop,and other publications. Many of her publications can be seen at

      Manabe is currently revising her second monograph,Revolution Remixed: Intertextuality in Protest Music(Oxford, under contract), which considers the prevalence of intertextuality in protest culture and analyzes musical cases drawn from the Japanese antinuclear movement. She is co-editing The Oxford Handbook of Protest Music(with Eric Drott, under contract) and the book of essays, Nuclear Music (with Jessica Schwartz, under contract with Oxford). She is also writing a monograph on the role of Japanese children’s songs in shaping national identity from the Meiji Era to the Allied Occupation, and another on transnational identity in Japanese hip-hop, reggae, and techno.

      Manabe is series editor for 33-1/3 Japan, a series of books on Japanese popular music from Bloomsbury Publishing and an extension of its popular 33-1/3 book series. She serves on editorial boards for Twentieth-Century Music, Music and Politics, and the SOAS Musicology Book Series;as contributing editor for the Asia-Pacific Journal; as Chair of the Investment Committee for the Society for Ethnomusicology (SEM); and on the Diversity Committee for the Society for Music Theory (SMT). In 2016, she served on the Program Committee for the SMT annual conference.

      Manabe’s research has been funded by fellowships from NEH, Kluge Center, Japan Foundation, and SSRC/JSPS. In addition to the John Whitney Hall and Alan Merriam Prizes, her first book won subventions from SEM and the Barr-Feree Foundation, and the second book won subventions from SMT. The article, “Music in Japanese Antinuclear Demonstrations” (Asia-Pacific Journal2013) won the Waterman Prize from SEM. Conversant in several languages, she has conducted field and archival work in Cuba, Spain, Brazil, Mexico, Bali, Germany, and the Netherlands in addition to Japan.

      Dr. Manabe's websites:

      Photo of Dr. Manabe: Scott Gilbard



      Past presentations are here, here, and here

      Conference presentations

      Roundtable, “This is What Democracy Sounds Like: Sound, Music, and Performance at the Women's March on Washington and Beyond.”
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology, Denver, CO, October 26–29, 2017.

      “Alternative Public Spheres: Musical Reframing of Political Positions in a Networked Asia.”
      -- Session Chair, Society for Ethnomusicology, Denver, CO, October 26–29, 2017.

      Invited talks

      Plenary speaker, MTMS Graduate Student Conference and Thinking about Music series, University of Cincinnati, College-Conservatory of Music, April 13, 2018.

      "Protest Music after Fukushima."
      -- University of Pittsburgh, Asian Studies Center, February 9, 2018.

      “Protest Music in Contemporary Politics.”
      -- Queensborough Community College, Department of Music, November 8, 2017.

      "The Sounds of Post-Inauguration Protests: Memory, Circulation, Innovation."
      -- Temple University, Music Studies Colloquium, October 6, 2017.

      "Documenting Nuclear Afterlives."
      -- University of Pennsylvania, Wolf Humanities Forum, October 4, 2017

      "Hip Hop in Japan."
      -- University of Pennsylvania, Center for East Asian Studies, September 20, 2017

      “Why Japanese Musicians Don't Get into Politics.”
      -- Bard College, Department of Music/Japan Studies, September 18, 2017.

      Other events

      Book talks, 33-1/3 Japan.
      -- Tattered Cover, Denver, CO, October 29, 2017.

      Book series launch, 33-1/3 Japan, Bloomsbury Publishing.
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology, October 27, 2017.

      Previous Events

      Past conference papers

      "Musical Narratives of Atomic Holocaust in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.” 
      -- International Musicological Society, Tokyo, March 2017.

      “Music Education in Asia.”
      -- Session Chair, International Musicological Society, Tokyo, March 2017.

      “Songs of Forgetting and Remembering: The Atomic Bomb in Japanese Popular Music in the Postwar Period.”
      -- International Association for the Study of Popular Music (US), Cleveland, OH, February 2017.

      “‘Hiroshima Rages, Nagasaki Prays’: Music and Commemoration of the Atomic Bomb.”
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology, Washington, DC, November 2016.

      “Alternative Readings: Kendrick Lamar’s ‘Alright’ in Political and Analytical Context."
      -- Society for Music Theory, Popular Music Interest Group, November 2016.

      “Meters in Global Context.”
      -- Session Chair, Society for Music Theory, November 2016.

      “Musical Expressions of Atomic Holocaust in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.”
      -- Roundtable, “Apocalypse, Ecomusicology, and Radical Listening,” AMS Ecocriticism Study Group, Vancouver, November 2016.

      “Cyberspace, music, and participation in the Japanese antinuclear movement.”
      -- Cultural Typhoon, Tokyo University of the Arts, Tokyo, July 2016.

      “Music, Healing, and Commemoration of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombings."
      -- Association for Asian Studies, Seattle, April 2016. Organizer and Chair, Panel, “Nuclear Trauma and Its Musical Responses.”
      --Sonic Contestations of Nuclear Power, Princeton University, October 2015.

       “Playing with Space: A Methodology for Analyzing Urban Space, Soundscape, and Performance Through Japanese Antinuclear Demonstrations.”
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology, Austin, TX, December 2015. Organizer and Chair, Panel, “Sounds of Resistance in the City: Reclaiming Urban Space and History through Contentious Sonic Practices.”
      --American Musicological Society, Popular Music Study Group, Louisville, KY, November 2015.

      “Typologies of Intertextuality in Recent Social Movements.”
      -- Society for Music Theory, St. Louis, October 2015.
      -- Rethinking Protest Music: The Sounds of Dissent, Princeton University, October 2015.

      “Protest through Nostalgia: Evocation of Childhood in Antinuclear Songs of Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      -- International Association for the Study of Popular Music (IASPM) Executive Conference, Sao Paolo, July 2015.

      “Atoms for Cuteness: Visualizing the Nuclear Past and Present through Children’s Culture.”
      -- Association for Asian Studies, Chicago, March 2015.
      -- American Anthropological Association, Washington, DC, December 2014.

      “A Typology of Intertextuality in Protest Songs.”
      -- Intertextuality in Music Since 1900 Conference, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, March 2015.

      “Urban Geography, Soundscape, and the Performance of Japanese Antinuclear Demonstrations.”
      -- Hearing Landscape Critically Conference, Harvard University, January 2015. 

      Countering Spirals of Silence: Music and Cyberspace in the Japanese Antinuclear Movement.”
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology, Pittsburgh, November 2014.Organizer and Chair, “Sound Networks: Socio-Political Identity, Engagement, and Mobilization through Music in Cyberspace and Independent Media.”

      “Rock under Censorship: Allegories, Metonyms, and Obfuscation in Antinuclear Recordings from Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      -- American Musicological Society Annual Conference, Milwaukee, WI, Nov 2014.

      “The Evolution of Musical Style in Antinuclear Demonstrations in Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      --Asian Studies Conference Japan, Tokyo, June 2014.
      --American Anthropological Association Conference, Chicago, IL, November 2013.
      --Society for Ethnomusicology Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN, November 2013. Organizer and Chair, “Raising Voices, Reclaiming Spaces: Antinuclear Soundscapes in Contemporary Japan and Korea.”
      --Society for Social Studies of Science Conference, San Diego, CA, October 2013.

      Roundtable, “Reflections on Mobile Music Studies.”
      --Experience Music Pop Music Conference, Seattle, WA, April 2014.

      “The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Typologies of Protest Music in the Anti-Nuclear Movement in Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      --IASPM Executive Conference, Gijón, Spain, June 2013.

      “Spaces of Protest: Tailoring Messaging Techniques in Antinuclear Protest Music Since Fukushima.”
      --Changing the Tune: Popular Music and Politics in the 21st Century from the Fall of Communism to the Arab Spring, International Conference, Strasbourg, France, June 2013.

      “Intertextuality in Antinuclear Hip-Hop Tracks in Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      --Association of Asian Studies Conference, San Diego, March 2013. Organizer and Chair, “Straight Outta Nippon: Appropriation, Identification, Class Consciousness, and Political Resistance in Japanese Hip-Hop and Reggae.”

      “Toward a Typology of Intertextuality in Protest Songs: Revolution Remixed in Antinuclear Songs of Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      --American Musicological Society/Society for Ethnomusicology/Society for Music Theory Conference, New Orleans, November 2012.

      “The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Music, Musicians, and Anti-Nuclear Protest in Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      --Inter-Asia Popular Music Studies Group Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, July 2012.
      --Experience Music Project Pop Conference, New York, March 2012.

      “Representing Japan: Japanese Hip-Hop DJs, the Global Stage, and the Concept of a ‘National’ Style.”
      --Asian Studies Conference Japan, Tokyo, June 2012.
      --Society for Ethnomusicology, Los Angeles, November 2010. Organizer and Chair, “Transcultural Soundscapes, Representations of Nation, and Interracial Performance in Japanese Popular Music.”
      “A Silenced Legacy: Songs Sung by Japanese Children During the Pacific War.”
      --Society for Ethnomusicology, Annual Conference, Philadelphia, PA, November 2011.
      --Association for Asian Studies, Honolulu, March 2011.

      “Localization and Globalization in Japanese Reggae/Dancehall.”
      -- IASPM Executive Conference, Grahamstown, South Africa, June 2011.
      -- Inter-Asia Popular Music Studies Conference, Hong Kong, June 2010.
      -- Asian Studies Conference Japan, Tokyo, June 2010.
      -- Association for Asian Studies Annual Conference, Philadelphia, March 2010.
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology, Annual Conference, Mexico City, November 2009. Organizer and Chair, “The Tropical in East Asia: Appropriation, Location, and Circulation of Caribbean and Island Musics in East Asia.”

      Respondent, Special Session on Concert Music in Japan.
      -- Society for Music Theory Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN, November 2010.

      “The Role of the Producer in Hip-Hop: An Ethnographic and Analytical Study of Remixes.”
      -- Society for Music Theory Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN, November 2010. Chosen as model proposal by SMT Professional Development Committee.
      -- Music Theory Society of New York State Annual Conference, New York, NY, April 2010.

      “A Tale of Two Countries: The Impact of Smartphones and Online Radio on Listener Behavior and Corporate Strategies in the United States and Japan.”
      -- Experience Music Project Pop Conference, Seattle, April 2010.

      “The Evolution of Japanese Songwriting in Western Genres.”
      -- Society for Music Theory, Annual Conference, Montreal, Canada, Oct. 2009.
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology Annual Conference, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT, October 2008. Organizer and Chair, “The Shadow of Western Influence: Impact of Western Practice on Musical Composition, Theory, Education, and Performance in Japan and Korea.”
      -- Music, Language, and Mind Conference, Tufts University, Boston, MA, July 2008.  

      “Evoking the Mayan World: Symbolism and Serialism in Alberto Ginastera’s Cantata para América mágica.”
      -- Society for American Music Conference, Denver, CO, March 2009.

      “President’s Roundtable 2008: SEM and American Imperialism.” Invited panelist.
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology Annual Conference, 2008.

      “For Whom the Bell Rings: Differences in the Use of Ringtones and Mobile Music in Japan and the United States.”
      -- Cultural Typhoon, Sendai Mediatèque, Sendai, Japan, June 2008.
      -- Digital Youth in East Asia, Temple University in Japan, Tokyo, Japan, June 2008. Version in pecha-kucha format.

      “A Mulata’s Memory: Musical Mestizaje in the Characterization of Femme Fatales in Cuban Zarzuelas.” Differing presentations on musicological, analytical, or ethnographic aspects depending on audience.
      -- International Musicological Society, Biennial Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, July 2007.
      -- Popular Musics of the Hispanic and Lusophone Worlds, International Conference, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, July 2006.
      -- AMS-Greater New York, Princeton, NJ, May 2006.
      -- Afro-Latino/Conference, CUNY Graduate Center, New York, NY, March 2006.
      -- National Opera Association, Annual Conference, Ann Arbor, MI, January 2006.
      -- Biennial International Conference on Twentieth-century Music, Sussex, UK, August 2005.

      “Lovers and Rulers, the Real and the Surreal: Harmonic Metaphors in Silvio Rodríguez’s Songs.”
      Revised following interview with Rodríguez:
      -- International Conference on Music Since 1900, Biennial Conference, York, UK, July 2007.\

      Previous version:
      -- GAMMA-UT Conference, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, March 2006.

      "Ring My Bell: Impact of Cell Phone Technologies on the Japanese Music Market.”
      Ongoing project examining the impact of the mobile internet on consumer and producer behavior.
      -- IASPM International Executive, Biennial Conference, Mexico City, Mexico, June 25–29, 2007. Plenary session, Technology and Industry Stream.
      -- Music of Japan Today 2007, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, March 30–April 1, 2007.
      Society for Ethnomusicology, Annual meeting, Honolulu, HI, November 16–19, 2006. Organizer and Chair of Panel, “Fast Forward: Impact of Asian Mobile Phone and Game Technologies on Production, Consumption, and Transnational Expression.”
      -- IASPM-UK and Ireland, 25th Anniversary Conference, Birmingham, UK, September 1–3, 2006.
      -- Experience Music Project Pop Conference, Seattle, WA, April 27–30, 2006.
      -- MACSEM Conference, Hunter College, New York, NY, April 7–8, 2006.

      “Reinterpretaciones del Son: Versiones de Motivos de son de Guillén por Grenet, García Caturla, y Roldán.”
      -- II Congreso Internacional Música, Identidad y Cultura en el Caribe, “El son y la salsa en la identidad del Caribe,” Centro León, Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, April 13–15, 2007.

      “Germont Uproots a Flower: Changing Colors in La Traviata.”
      -- American Musicological Society, Lyrica session, Annual meeting, Los Angeles, CA, November 2, 2006.
      -- McGill Symposium, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, March 2005.

       “Globalization and Japanese Creativity: Adaptation of Japanese Language to Rap.”
      -- Cultural Typhoon 2006, Annual Conference, Tokyo, Japan, July 1, 2006.
      -- Asian Studies Conference Japan, Annual Conference, Tokyo, Japan, June 24–25, 2006.
      -- Washington and Southeast Japan Conference, Washington, DC, April 22, 2006.
      -- Popular Culture Association/American Culture Association, Annual Conference, Atlanta, GA, April 15, 2006.
      -- IASPM-US, Murfreesboro, TN, February 16–19, 2006.
      -- Society for Ethnomusicology, Annual National Conference, Atlanta, GA, November 20, 2005.
      -- Northeast Popular Culture Association, Fairfield, CT, October 2005.
      -- IASPM-Nordic, The Local, Regional, and Global: Globalization of Rock Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 2005.

      Earlier versions prior to field work:
      -- MIDSEM, Bowling Green, OH, March, 2005.
      -- MACSEM, College Park, MD, March, 2005.

      “Caracterización musical de femme fatales mestizas en las zarzuelas cubanas.”
      -- VII Congreso IASPM-AL (IASPM Latin America), Havana, Cuba, June 19–24, 2006.

      Don Giovanni’s Elvira: Analysis of the Evolution of a Mezzo Carattere.
      -- Interpretare Mozart: Convegno internaziole di studi, a cura della Società Italiana di Musicologia e di Fondazione Arcadia, Milan, Italy, May 19–21, 2006.

      Past invited conferences

      “Music Commemorating Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombings.”
      -- Performing Commemoration: Musical Reenactment and the Politics of Trauma, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, March 2017.

      “Analyzing Music in Social Movements.”
      -- Franklin Humanities Institute, Mellon Seminars in Historical, Global, and Emerging Humanities, Duke University, December 2015.

      “Nuclear Childhoods: Nuclear Characters and the Antinuclear Movement.”
      -- Child’s Play: Multisensory History of Children and Childhoods in Japan and Beyond.
      -- University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, February 2015.

      “Music in the Japanese Antinuclear Movement: Four Spaces, Four Tactics.”
      -- Korea/Japan Music Symposium, Columbia University, November 21, 2014.

      “Intertextuality in Antinuclear Hip-Hop Tracks in Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      -- Between African American and Japanese: Traveling Texts Symposium, New York University, October 5, 2013.

      “Methods in Researching East Asian Popular Culture.”
      -- East Asian Undergraduate Popular Culture Conference, Faculty Panel, Princeton University, April 27, 2013.

      " The Role of the Producer in Hip-Hop: An Ethnographic and Analytical Study of Remixes.”
      -- Oxford-Princeton Conference in Music Theory, Princeton, NJ, March 18–19, 2011.

      Past Invited Talks

      “The Sounds of Post-Inauguration Protests: Memory, Circulation, Innovation.”
      -- Brooklyn College, H. Wiley Hitchcock Institute for Studies in American Music, May 2017.

      "The Past Is Prologue: Intertextuality in Protest Music after the Fukushima Accident.”
      -- College of William and Mary, Asian Studies, April 2017.

      “Music and Post-3.11 Social Movements.”
      -- Northern Illinois University, December 2016.

      “Music Commemorating the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombs.”
      -- Music Studies Colloquium, Temple University, October 2016.

      --"The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Protest Music After Fukushima.”
      -- ICAS, Temple University Japan, July 6, 2016.

      “Intertextuality in Protest Music."
      -- Plenary speech. Conference on Music and Resistance, Revolution, and Social Movements, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, June 17, 2016.

       “Musicians as Educators in Recent Social Movements.”
      -- Asian Conference on Cultural Studies, Featured Session, Art Center of Kobe, June 4, 2016.

      “Keeping It Real:Authenticity and Japanese Hip-Hop.”
      -- Asian Studies Program, City College, CUNY, May 12, 2016.

      “Music in Antinuclear Protests: Talk and Workshop.”
      -- Sound Studies Colloquium, University of Minnesota, April 14, 2016.

      “Cyberspace, Music, and Participation in the Japanese Antinuclear Movement.”
      -- Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, March 4, 2016.

      Invited talks (continued)
      “The Revolution Will Not Be Televised: Protest Music after Fukushima.”
      -- Asian Languages and Literatures, Temple University, February 17, 2016.

      “Musicians and the Japanese Antinuclear Movement Post-Fukushima.”
      -- Science and Global Security Seminar Series, Princeton University, February 10, 2016.

      “Musicians and the Antinuclear Movement” and “Workshop on Protest Music.”
      -- Conference, "Power and Protest: Global Responses to Atomic Energy,"Middlebury College, January 22, 2016.

      “Issues in the Analysis of Popular and Non-Canonical Musics.”
      -- CUNY Graduate Center, November 19, 2015.

      “A Typology of Intertextuality in Protest Music.”
      -- Ethnomusicology Colloquium, Oxford University, October 15, 2015.
      -- Music Colloquium, New York University, September 24, 2015.

      “Intertexuality in Protest Music Post-3.11."
      -- Kadokawa Summer Program, University of Tokyo, July 30, 2015.
      -- Westminster Choir College, Rider University, April 28, 2015.

      “Popular Culture and Recent Social Movements in Japan.”
      -- East Asian Humanities, Princeton University, April 28, 2015.

      “Music in Demonstrations.”
      -- Music and Protest, SUNY-Stony Brook, March 23, 2015.

      “Musicians in the Japanese Antinuclear Movement: Motivations, Roles, and Risks.”
      -- Asia and the Environment Workshop, Oberlin College, February 21, 2015.

      “A Typology of Intertextuality in Protest Songs in Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      -- Oberlin College Conservatory, February 20, 2015.

      “Art and Activism: A Conversation with Vijay Iyer and Noriko Manabe.”
      -- Whitman College, Princeton University, February 12, 2015.

      “Musicians in the Japanese Antinuclear Movement Post-Fukushima Daiichi.”
      -- East Asian Studies Colloquium, Princeton University, October 8, 2014.

      “Antinuclear Protest Music in Post-3.11 Japan: Communication Methods in Cyberspace, Recordings, Festivals, and Demonstrations.”
      -- Center for Japanese Studies Colloquium, University of Michigan, February 6, 2014.

       “‘The Revolution Will Not Be Televised’: Antinuclear Protest Music in Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      -- East Asian Studies Colloquium, Princeton University, October 17, 2012.

       “Toward a Typology of Intertextuality in Protest Songs: Revolution Remixed in Antinuclear Songs of Post-Fukushima Japan.”
      -- Special session, Japan Association for the Study of Popular Music, Tokyo University of the Arts, Tokyo, May 25, 2012.

      “Music of Antinuclear Protest in Post-Fukushima Japan.” 
      -- Lecture, Tokyo University of the Arts, Tokyo, May 8, 2012.

      -- Symposium, J-Pop and globalization. Tokyo University of the Arts, Tokyo, February 18, 2012.

      “Representing Japan: Japanese Hip-Hop DJs, the Global Stage, and Defining a ‘National’ Style.”
      -- Workshop in American Studies, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, April 19, 2011.
      -- East Asian Humanities II (East Asian Studies 234/Humanities 234), April 21, 2011.

    • “Locating the Japanese and the Jamaican in Japanese Reggae/Dancehall”
      -- University of the West Indies at Mona, Department of Literatures in English, July 20, 2010.
    • “The Evolution of Sonic Style in Japanese Hip-Hop.”
      -- Association of Princeton Graduate Alumni, Princeton University, May 29, 2010.
      -- Black Popular Music Culture (African-American Studies 348/English 348), April 29, 2010.
      -- East Asian Humanities II (East Asian Studies 234/Humanities 234/Comparative Literature 234), April 27, 2010.
      -- East Asian Studies Colloquium, Princeton University, December 2, 2009.

      -- Nichibunken Forum, Kyoto, Japan, December 10, 2008.

      “The Adaptation of Western Genres in Japanese Popular Music: From Children’s Songs to Hip-Hop.”
      -- Nichibunken Evening Seminar, Kyoto, Japan, December 4, 2008.

      “The Influence of Italian Opera on the Cuban Bolero and Canción.”
      -- Latin American and Caribbean Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL, June 2007.

      “Globalization and Japanese Creativity: Adaptation of Japanese Language to Rap.”
      --  Asian American Research Institute, New York, NY, February 3, 2006.

      “Musical Interpretations of Don Quixote: Reflections of Time, Place, and Meaning.”
      -- Brooklyn Conservatory, Brooklyn, NY, May 2005.

      Book Talk
      Sub Text Books, St. Paul, MN, April 2016.
      Elliott Bay Book Company, Seattle, WA, April 2016.
      Wooden Shoe Books, Philadelphia, PA, March 2016.
      Labyrinth Bookstore, Princeton, NJ, March 2016.
      Potter’s House, Washington, DC, February 2016.
      Kinokuniya Bookstore, New York, NY, January 2016.
      Topos Bookstore, Queens, NY, January 2016.