2007 Diamond Research Scholars
Fatima Abbas (DRS)
School/College: CLA /Major: GUS
Mentor: A. Buss / Department: GUS
Project: “Native America: The Impact of Non-Federal Recogintion on Access to Federal Indian Services”
As a result of the negative impact of nonfederal recognition on the United Houma Nation I began to research available information on federally unrecognized Native American tribes and their access to disaster management services. The data that I received through this preliminary research was relatively sparse. As I explored this subject I began to formulate a broader research question involving the ability of unrecognized tribes to access federal Indian services overall. I intend to research the impacts of nonfederal recognition on the access of Native american tribes to federal Indian services. These services include disaster management, education, Indian health services (IHS), as well as social services such as drug and alcohol abuse counseling. I intend to use primary sources to assist my research from two state-recognized tribes, the Lumbee and Haliwa Saponi, in North Carolina. Though the majority of my primary resources will come from these two tribes, I do not intend to solely concentrate on these two tribes, as there may be regional differences in the degree of state or federal aid that an unrecognized tribe receives.
Barnil Bhattacharjee (DRS)
School/College: CLA /Major: Political Science
Mentor: K. Orfeo Fioretos / Department: Political Science
Project: “Fuelling Growth: A Comparative Study of the Oil Diplomacy of India and China”
The questions that this research project will seek to answer are: What are the recent foreign policy initiatives by India and China, towards each other and towards othe countries, to secure oil and gas fields? How far will these policies help them to meet their targets of energy use? What are the common blocks they face? What are likely to be other short and long term implications of their energy diplomacy? Also, though both countries are now exempt from the conditions of the Kyoto protocol, what goals have they set to cut carbon dioxide emissions? These questions have assumed enormous importance in recent years. ... getting access to oil is becoming an increasingly difficult and conflict-ridden process for both countires. The strategic need for access to energy has reset older patterns of diplomacy.... Both India and China find it important to have stable relations with neighbours for gas pipelines to work. This may lead neighbouring countries in South Asia to end hostile stand-offs and try to structure new relationships. ... My project shall study these conflicting interests, and see how India and China, countries faced with very similar development challenges, are intergrating their oil diplomacy with their wider foreign policy interests.
Teena Bounpraseuth (DRS)
School/College: Fox /Major: IB/ Marketing
Mentor: L. Andersson / Department: IB/ Marketing
Project: “Social Responsibility in the Crafting of the Beijing 2008 Olympics: Fact or Fallacy?”
[The summer program offered] through The Alliance for Global Education in Beijing [includes the requirement of a] Capstone Project … for students to research a particular area of interest as part of their academic work and to engage them with Chinese people from various backgrounds. ... for my independent research, I want to ... explore [the] issue of corporate responsibility abroad, particularly in China in regards to the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Many critics have scrutinized the Olympic Committee about allowing the 2008 games to be held in China, especailly considering the country's developing economic status. They do not feel that China is ready for such an enormous worldwide event. The country still has many problems to address before the games are to start, including the issue of pollution. In granting China the opportunity to host the games, the country had to agree on an action plan as well as uphold ideals established by the Olympic Committee. I would like to focus my research on whether the Beijing Olympic Action Plan and standards by the Olympic Committee correspond with what is actually being done is preparation for the games. For example, China has been supposedly devoting its efforts into creating a "green Olympics", meaning it plans to resolve the pollution crisis in Beijing by 2008. As part of my study I would be researching if indeed China is taking action in regards to the pollution crisis and explaining the methods that they are actually using.
Michael D. Campanell (DRS)
School/College: CST /Major: Physics & Mathematics
Mentor: Z. Hasan / Department: Physics & Mathematics
Project: “Some Methods for Improving Spectral Storage Media”
In Dr. Zameer Hasan's laboratories here at Temple, promising methods are under investigation for fabricating thin films that can be used for ultra dense storage. The general procedure involves ablating a material target with an intense laser beam in a closed low pressure chamber, allowing the ejected particles to diffuse through the chamber and deposit on a substrate, producing the film. Careful manipulation of variables such as chamber pressure, chamber temperature, target composition, deposition rate, film thickness, laser frequency, to name a few, are necessary to produce films with the desired set of properties. ... This summer I plan to continue working on this research not only in the production of films but also in the experimental measurement and analysis of their properties, with the ultimate goal of tailoring films that are more conducive to ultra high density storage.
Kendrick B. Davis (DRS)
School/College: Engineering/Major: Mechanical Engineering
Mentor: P. Hutapea / Department: Mechanical Engineering
Project: “Design and Development of Bone Lengthening Device for Children”
My proposed research centers on the field of biomedical engineering, specifically, the design and fabrication of a bone-lengthening device for children. My particular portion would deal more closely with developing a mounting apparatus that is conducive to the attachement of the actual lengthening device. This will prove to be helpful for children who are born with medical conditions that render ordinary movement somewhat difficult, and it will assist them in improving their way of life. . . . I will be able to learn about the difference in process between mainstream engineering projects and those relating more to medical science. This unique coalition of my mechanical engineering and its usefulness in the bioengineering field is one I would like to explore.
Ornela Dervishaj (DRS)
School/College: CST /Major: Biology
Mentor: M. Safak / Department: Biology
Project: “Functional Characterization of Cellular proteins that interact with the unique region of JCV small t-antigen”
Last fall I was looking for the opportunity to work in a laboratory and I came across Dr. Safak's lab. His project revolves aroung the JC Virus. JCV causes central nervous system disease known as Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy under immunosuppressive conditions. JCV is also involved in tumor formation in experimental animals and perhaps in humans. The lab focuses on the functional analysis of JCV tumor antigen proteins like large t-antigen and small t-antigen, particularly their role in cell transformation. We are currently in the process of identification and characterization of cellular proteins that interact with JCV small t-antigen unique region. We hope that studying these proteins will enhance our understanding of JCV-induced cell transformation and cancer progression. I will be a part of this exciting project for the next two years....
William F. Dougherty (DRS)
School/College: Boyer /Major: Music Composition
Mentor: M. Wright / Department: Music Composition
Project: “Atonality and Tonality: A Fusion of Intellect and Emotion”
For the DRSP, I propose to write a string quartet in which I would fuse the highly intellectual style of composition associated with atonality with the emotionally provocative styles of tonality. Very few composers … have dispalyed this sort of fusion, which illustrates that this goal is unique while in no way easy to achieve. Upon completing my string quartet, I would hope to have it read by Momenta Quartet, a critically acclaimed ensemble which is the string quartet in residence at Temple University. In addition ... I would hope to have it recorded, giving me a professional recording which I can then submit to composition competitions and festivals. ... I would have the chance to explore writing for a string quartet for the first time, giving me the essential experience of writing for one of Western music's most beloved mediums in a new and innovative fashion [and] ... the chance to find my stylistic voice in today's musical community.
Minka D. Farthing-Kohl (DRS)
School/College: SCT /Major: Film and Media Arts
Mentor: W. Bass / Department: Film and Media Arts
Project: “Movie Daze/Cabbie Nights”
For thirty years, Glen Mack has been trying to make it in the film inductry while driving cabs in San Francisco. He has written several unsold scripts, made several shorts, and often works as a transportation coordinator. He has yet to make a feature. He has offers of $500,000 in kind support for production and post production and he is closer than ever to make his first feature-length film. Now all he has to do is raise another $250,000. ... I plan to follow him as he tries to make his dream a reality by day and as a cab driver by night. I will start in the spirit of "American Movie," a documentary about an unsuccessful filmmaker. ... I plan on morphing the piece into an outlandish pseudo documentary that will allow me to introduce a fictional narrative into the story. ... The project will begin as a character sketch about one man's dreams and turn into a comedic yet critical commentary of the film industry[,] ... an entertaining 20-30 minute video. My project is pertinent in the larger American landscape as it is about unrequited optimism. This is a story about the American myth that anyone with enough drive, resilience and commitment to an idea will succeed. There are two narrative threads woven through the film. First, it is the story of a filmmaker trying to turn a dream into reality, and second, its the story of a working class American who still has bills to pay. I plan on dividing the screen time between these two stories as the distance between dream and reality change.
Lisa A. Frank (DRS)
School/College: CLA -Ambler/ Major: Criminal Justice
Mentor: M. Hiller / Department: Criminal Justice
Project: “Sex Offender Community Notification Laws and their Effectiveness”
My proposal for the project is to perform a secondary analysis of data from a Bureau of Justice study. The data (Recidivism of Sex Offenders Released from Prison in 1994) was gathered from surveys that included 9,691 participants. The participants were separated into four distinct categories: child molesters, rapists, sexual assulters, and statutory rapists. Recidivism was divided into two separate categories: percentage of re-arrest for a new sex crime and percentage of re-arrest for a new offense. For this research study, the four typologies described in the Bureau of Justice report and their rates of re-arrest will be used as the dependent variables. The independent variables are based on each of the fifteen states that data was provided for in the Bureau of Justice study. A prior study conducted by Matson and Lieb (1997) will be used as a foundation for types of community notification/ registration laws. A comparison of the states categorized by the type of community notification law and the re-arrest rates by categories of offenders will help support my hypothesis. My results will show the "effectiveness" of each type of law.
Jennifer M. Gioffre (DRS)
School/College: Tyler /Major: Photography
Mentor: M. Madigan / Department: Photography
Project: “Twenty-first Century Techonology as an Avenue for Nineteenth Century Image Making: An Investigation of Digital Negative Making”
In its short life photography has undergone more change than any other art form. … [Early on] view cameras held glass negatives between 4x5 and 16x20 inches. … [Now] photographers are using smaller formats between 35mm and 4x5 inches, as well as digital capture. These smaller formats and digital files need to be transferred to larger formats for the contact printing demanded by ... hand-applied emulsions. The demand has led to the development of digital negative making. Using twenty-first century technology ... photographers are tyring to emulate the same tonal ranges available from traditional films. This process has yet to be perfected. My research proposal combines historical nineteenth century processes with revolutionary photographic technologies of today. I intend to master a number of processes during the project, focusing on digital negative making. I will experiment with PMK pyro developer, study effects on digital negative making, as well as chemical manipulation of the hand-apllied emulsion in the Ziatype process.
Corey D. Goldiner (DRS)
School/College: CLA /Major: History, Political Science
Mentor: A. Botwinick / Department: Political Science
Project: “The Economics of Hate: The Case of the Israel-Arab Conflict”
Over the years, historians have argued that economic displeasure has created conditions where people are more responsive to racist ideologies. [For example, economic dissatisfaction in Nazi Germany led to rampant racist sentiment among the populace.] ... Similarly, Karl Marx argued that ideology is just the manifestation of the tangible material conditions people exist it. According to Marx all claims of value or conflicting mores between people are rooted in material conditions which they live in. In the spirit of these sentiments, my proposed research would seek to trace the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the advent of Modern Zionism in the 19th century to the present day, through the lens of material interest. My proposal would argue all claims of divine right to land by both sides throughout the history of the conflict, have been subservient to the struggle for a tenable economic situation for both parties. Furthermore, it would skeptically view claims that say Israel and the Arabs cannot cooperate based solely on historical tension caused by religion.
Susannah N. Habecker (DRS)
School/College: Tyler /Major: Painting
Mentor: M. Shetabi / Department: Painting
Project: “Photography and Memory: Exploring the Unknown in Painting”
I take pictures because I want to remember an image, I paint because I want to explore an image and I paint from memory because I want to explore my mind. By making a painting from a memory instead of a photograph I am forcing myself to really think about what it was specifically about something that made me want to explore it in a painting. Paintings done from memory are much more engaging for the artist to make and are more engaging for the viewer to look at. I want to use ... photographs in particular as a starting place because they represent an unknown variable. Photography and painting are often about what can be seen but with ... photographs I am curious about what can't be seen, everything that could not be captured. What was around us, what I was feeling, essentially, my memory. The first part of my project will be the most difficult because I will be making paintings from my earliest memories as a child living in Maine. These memories are in danger of being erased by the photographs from this time. I want to paint things I can hardly remember because it will not be easy. Many artists work within a framework of constraints ..., I am giving myself a difficult problem to wean myself off of needing a concrete image to tell me everything. Thus, I will have to create a new way of image making. The second part of the research will be on site. I will go back to the actual locations of these pictures and paint from life. It will be visual research allowing me to reconnect with the actual place and better understand my memory of it. At this point I will have two bodies of work, paintings from memory and from life. From these paintings I will have done the research to make final paintings that will combine the imagery and language of the first paintings into larger more complex images. This series will be as much about the process of getting to the image as the image itself. The development of this project over time will allow me to find a way for these memories to resonate through a painted surface and bring them to life..
Chelsea A. Helion (DRS)
School/College: CLA /Major: Psychology
Mentor: A. Karpinski / Department: Psychology
Project: “Implicit Association Differences in the Consumption of High-Fat Foods”
Super-size meals have become part of a regular diet and advertisements for new food products are ubiquitous. Often American engage in what has been called "mindless eating," a desire to consume regardless of actual hunger levels or nutritional needs. The propensity of Americans to choose high fat food ... The public knows that high fat foods are not nutritionally sound and increasingly linked to a growing number of serious medical problems. However, in face of all of this information, few Americans are able to continually turn away from the temptation of high-fat food at unbelievably low prices. ... the role that environment plays on determining the body image and food preferences of children. There is a sharp juxtaposition of images in the media; actors reinforce the beauty ideal of being thin while advertisements for fast food and candy encourage Americans to eat more and indulge. With these considerations in mind, I hope to conduct my study on the implicit association differences between wanting and liking in regard to the consumption of high-fat foods. It has been shown in previous studies that the area of the brain activated when experienceing "like" of an object is a different area than the one activated when expressing "want." By using Implicit Association tests, it might be possible to make assertions about the likelihood that someone will partake in a high-fat food (how much they like it) and how much they will consume (how much they want it). The common occurrence of mindless eating may be related to food cravings caused by want, not by the body actually needing the high fat food in order to function. It appears that these two mechanisms produce different behaviors, and may become dissociated with each other as the competing behaviors are reinforced.
Jaini Jacob (DRS)
School/College: CST/Major: Chemistry
Mentor: S. Varnum / Department: Chemistry
Project: “Pharmaceutical Assays for Clinical Drug Substances”
The proposed research involves testing combination drugs, two or more active ingredients combined in one drug, used in the treatment of lung diseases. Most drugs developed are chiral, and exist in a racemic misture such a Albuterol, a bronchodilator. The effective stereoisomer from the produced racemic mixture must be identified to successfully help patients with bronchoconstriction. This research tests the stability and activity of the combination drugs, which are influenced by temperature, pH, interaction of a drug with other drugs, and the media in which it is formed.
Jacob B. Kesselman (DRS)
School/College: CST /Major: Physics
Mentor: M. Mackie / Department: Physics
Project: “Atom-Molecule Conversion in an Optical Lattice”
Given my strong interest in math, I find myself leaning towards theoretical, rather than experiemental, physics. Basically, the research [project proposed involves] the study of one system to understand another. Specifically, the research in photoassociation, where a laser shines on two atoms to create a molecule. The atoms are ultracold and are trapped in an optical lattice, which is a kind of like an egg carton where the parent atoms and daughter molecules are allowed to hop between neighboring wells. This system is comparable to the model of an "ordinary" solid: the solid has lattice of ions, and the electrons hop between wells created by the ions. Understanding the optical lattice will then help understand solids. Photoassociation of ultracold atoms in optical lattices is not only at the very forefront of atomic, molecular, and optical physics, but the model is exceptionally simple, both of which should allow me to make a publishable contribution.
David B. Lanute (DRS)
School/College: CLA /Major: Mathematical Economics
Mentor: W. Stull / Department: Mathematical Economics
Project: “The Prevalence of Price Discriminiation in SEPTA Price Structures”
The project that I propose to do is a study that will look at the South Eastern Pennsylvania Transti Authority (SEPTA). More specifically, it will be an in depth study of how the market for public transportation operates in the Philadelphia region, with a strong emphasis on the prevalence of price discrimination within the pricing structures of the transit fares. I will be looking at the demand in the market for the use of the SEPTA. From this model, I will look at the price elasticity of demand (PED) for this market and form some conclusions from my results. I will be looking specifically for the prevalence of price discrimination. My preliminary prediction is that those riders that use the transit system for their daily commute to work will have more inelastic PEDs and thus more susceptible to price discrimination that those who do not ride on a frequent basis. My project will attempt to find the validity in this prediction, and if found, there will be an attempt to gauge the magnitude of its use.
Albert W. Lowe (DRS)
School/College: CLA /Major: History
Mentor: D. Lehman / Department: History
Project: “The Effects of Colonialism on the Contemporary Dating Scene of the Dominican Republic”
As a History major I have studied the history of colonialism for years, but while I was living in the Dominican Republic I had the opportunity to experience the effects of colonialism on Dominican culture and mentality every day. Dominican culture, like many Latin American cultures, is a mixture of colonial European, African and indigenous influences. Unfortunately, one of the effects of this colonial legacy was the establishment of a racial hierarchy that placed lighter skinned Dominicans at the upper echelons of society while marginalizing darker skinned Dominicans to the lowest levels of society. Although there is no legalized racial segregation in contemporary Dominican society, racism manifests itself in ... various ways in Domincan daily life. ... contemporary courtship practices [are] heavily influenced by this racial hierarchy. ... In order to fully analyze the effects of colonialism on the contemporary Dominican dating scene I plan to research several aspects of Dominican history and society. There are many historical events that have contributed to the current courtship practices in the Dominican Republic. The main topics that I will need to research are the racial hierarchy of Spanish American colonial society, the Haitian occupation of the Dominican Republic from 1822 to 1844, and the Trujillo dictatorship. I will also need to travel through the regions of the Dominican Republic to interview young adults, middle aged, and senior citizens. With the information gathered from these interviews I will be able to compare and contrast the views that each generation has on the subject. I will also make several trips to various restaurants, bars, night clubs, and public events to observe Dominican courtship practices.
Philip R. Matthews (DRS)
School/College: CLA /Major: English
Mentor: K. Varrone / Department: English
Project: “Poets in Theatre: A Creative Research Project”
I'd like to develop a project that is part research, part creative work. I would at the same time study modern poetic theatre and write my own poetic play. In my study, I will look back critically to the playwriting of T.S. Eliot, Gertrude Stein, Dada poets, Futurist post like Mayakovsky, and as far back as the Symbolists - to explore and hopefully outline modern poetic playwriting as a tradition. I will consider Yeats and Beckett. I will look at what draws poets to theatre as a medium, and what they can and have accomplished with it. My play will probably not be entirely in verse, but a significant part will be. I've got several ideas. One of them is a play for two or three actors playing a variety parts in a variety of genders and species. The actors will deliver speeches as contemporary, historical, or animal figures foreign to America (ranging from the current Pope to Lord Byron to a kangaroo), meeting to give a colored history of our country. This kind of idea would need its own research, but my focus would be more on poetry than facts.
Phoebe M. Morgan (DRS)
School/College: Education /Major: Secondary English Ed
Mentor: D. Farabee / Department: Secondary English Ed
Project: “Blending Contemporary Models with Classic Curriculum as an effective method for Modern Teaching”
As part of my field service requirement for Education 225, I have been observing twelfth grade English classes at the Germantown Friends School. … this is not an ordinary high school English class. Under the direction of their teacher, the students at GFS are producing an extensive documentary detailing the historical significance of Germantown in addition to investigating the modern identity of the area. ... My experience at GFS thus far has increased my interest in exploring alternative methods of instruction as an effective means of reaching students on a more personal level. ... GFS is admirable institution whose educators have discovered a truly effective method of instruction. I believe that the teaching style I have observed at this high school would be extremely beneficial to a particular group of students - urban youth in the public school system - who might not generally be considered as appropriate subjects for such a model of instruction. I would like to pursue a research topic that capitalizes on the effectiveness of using contemporary models in classrooms to develop student's appreciation for, and understanding of, classical material.
James C. Park (DRS)
School/College: Fox/ Major: Economics
Mentor: W. Stull / Department: Economics
Project: “Perception vs. Reality: Economics of Lottery Winnings”
From an economic standpoint, the lottery is obviously not a very good investment. Many people invest thousands into the lottery throughout their lives and get very meager returns for it. The odds are soundly against any individual. Any economist would tell you that a rational spender would deem the prospect of buying a lottery ticket a bad idea, but still there are thriving lotteries in every state. I plan to study why, if this is such a poor investment, many people decide to make it over and over again, week after week. Is it possible that part of the utility that a consumer receives is in the act of buying the ticket itself, and not necessarily just the potential prize? By surveying a cross-section of college students, I plan to compare existing empirical data on how lottery winners react to hitting the jackpot versus the actual reasons why people buy tickets. I want to try to discover why people make the economically irrational decision to buy tickets. Also, I hope to compare people's preconceived notions about what winning a lottery jackpot will do for their lives versus the actual data that exists on how the lives of lottery winners change, or fail to do so, following their win.
Megha S. Patel (DRS)
School/College: CST /Major: Biochemistry
Mentor: R. Athwal / Department: Biochemistry
Project: “Structural Analysis of PTPRK Gene to Detect Mutations and Trigger Proteins”
My research this summer will deal with furthering the study of a gene (…PTPRK) which is suspected to control cancer in certain types of cells. Dr. Athwal's lab group has already made many revolutionary breakthroughs concerning the gene. They have found the exact position of PTPRK on its respective chromosome which allowed the group to isolate the gene and inject it into malignant cells. The results of this procedure were astonishing because the cancerous cells stopped dividing uncontrollably and reached senescence (the stage in which cells do not divide). The change of cancerous cells to normal cells has made the gene incredibly appealing and evoked more questions. In Dr. Athwal's lab, I will conduct several experiments to increase our understanding of the PTPRK gene. When the gene is expressed normally, cells are able to control their division, but in cancerous cells, this ability to lost. ... this could be caused by rearrangement in the DNA sequence. To test this theory, I will attempt to discover the exact location of mutations in the gene structure of cancerous cells. ... I will [also] research other genes controlled by PTPRK. ... The data collected ... will aid in further studies.
Stephen D. Shank (DRS)
School/College: CST/Major: Mathematics
Mentor: B. Datskovsky / Department: Mathematics
Project: “Fermat's Last Theorem in Algebraic Number Fields”
[M]y intended area of study … is the infamous "Fermat's Last Theorem," [which] is the assertion that the equation x^n+y^n = z^n has no solutionss in nonzero integers x,y,z when n>2. … while originally posed in the 17th century, this was not fully proven until 1995. There [were] many ingenious attemmpts to solve the problem, and many interesting partial results were established prior to the complete proof. For example, ... In the mid-19th century, the mathematician Ernst Kummer boldly stepped outside of the integers to look at other rings ... in what are now known as algebraic number fields. ... Kummer, using his theory of what are now known as ideal numbers, took one of the first leaps towards a complete proof when he demonstrated that there is a class of prime numbers ... for which the Fermat equaion has no intergral solutions. ... Kummer['s solution assumes] that every [algebraic number field connected with these prime numbers] possesses unique factorization; unfortunately, they do not.... It is from this [point] that we would ... begin. Though Fermat's problem has been solved, there is still constant work being done to make the solution simpler and more accessible.... The idea is to analyze the Fermat equation not in the integers but in many of these different algebraic number fields, by performing extensive computations and looking at what is already known, and to try to develop conjectures on many of the properties that such fields may have, as well as prove new relations amongst them. ... many of the cases for the integers can be established using classical methods; one of the first goals might be to see if there are any analogous results that may be extended to other rings. There are many open problems in algebraic number theory, and there is not much literature that is readily available on Fermat's equation for arbitrary rings of algebraic integers; this is the area in which we intend to explore.
Natalia Smirnov (DRS)
School/College: SCT /Major: American Culture and Media Arts
Mentor: P. Swann / Department: American Culture and Media Arts
Project: “Making Over the American Dream”
Directly reflecting my desire and ability to connect popular culture and meaningful social ideas is the proposed subject for my research in the DSP - the makeover reality show. Both fascinating and disturbing, I believe that TV shows like Extreme Makeover, The Swan, What Not to Wear, Extreme Home Makeoverand others are more than entertainment. Their cultural success is preceded by centuries of transformational myths - Cinderella, the Ugly Duckling, Aladdin's genie. Operating on the same model, these shows grant their respective wish to the poor yet deserving subject of the episode inevitably evoking the recipient's tears of gratitude, and simultaneously pleasuring the captive audience. Almost magically transforming the lives of average people into more beautiful, well decorated versions of themselves but locked into the profit-driven television industry and modes of production, the makeover reality show is a kind of selective modern day fairy godmother. Still, in its compulsive visuality and updated source of magic (money, advertisers, styling "experts"), the makeover reality show is perfectly capitalist and consequently provides an alternative to the diminshing validity of the "American Dream" and its myth of equal opportunity. My research in the DSP would be designed to explore this thesis. Further, I hope to incorporate qualitative research methodology and personally observe an actual set of a makeover reality show to see how the myth is constructed - what gets included into the final episode, who has the power to decide it and more importantly - what is left out? What is the effect of the amkeover on the subject (the modern Cinderella), and on the audience? How does the format reflect our culture's obsession with physical appearance, the representations of class, race and gender and how is it translated into other cultures?
Laura B. Stein (DRS)
School/College: STHM /Major: Tourism & Hosp. Mang/ Environmental Studies
Mentor: W. Roehl / Department: Tourism & Hosp. Mang/ Environmental Studies
Project: “Comparison of Interest in the Environment in regards to the tourism industry between international students”
Eco-tourism is a type of tourism that involves preserving the natural beauty of an area so that the area itself becomes the main attraction instead of fancy resorts or amusement parks that destroy the environment to draw tourists. For example, each year, millions of tourists visit beaches to experience the glistening sand, clean water, sun and healthy vegetation specific to that area. If the beach did not have those attributes, there would be no incentive for the people to visit the area. Conversely, when millions of people frequent a particular beach, the water there will become polluted, the vegetration trampled, and the sand littered with trash, making it an undesirable area. It is facts like these that make me believe that environmental sustainability is not just an important factor of the tourism industry, but it is often imperative to keeping the industry afloat. ... Spain ... offers a wonderful opportunity to begin to understand how people in other cutlures view the interaction between the environment and tourism ... since Spain is ... one of the first countries at attract mass tourism in the post World War II era. ... the purpose of my study will be to cmpare environmental attitudes and knowledge of eco-friendly resort practices held by two student groups. One group is students at Temple's Main Campus and the other group is students in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. Understanding the degree of importance that environmentalism holds for each group as well as the amount of knowledge that each student group has on the topic, will not only help with marketing the tourism industry to the future managers and consumers of this area, but it will also identify possible gaps that educators ... need to address. Finally, comparing students from different national and cultural backgrounds will helps to enhance understanding of differenet hospitality and environmental priorities that exist across cultures.
Rachel A. Storr (DRS)
School/College: CST/Major: Chemistry
Mentor: S. Sieburth / Department: Chemistry
Project: “Aziridinium Substitution and Fragmentation”
My proposed area of research lies in synthetic organic and medicinal chemistry under the guidance of Dr. Sieburth. The chemical properties of synthetic organic compounds are truly unique and absolutely fascinate me. By simply replacing a carbon atom with a silicon atom, the product has different chemical and phsyical properties even though silicon and carbon are similar at the atomic level. Medicinal chemistry is an exciting area of interest because so many new compounds are developed annually that the field is constantly evolving. In addition to medicial chemistry's rapid evolution, the potential benefits of scientific advancements in the field appear bondless and include treatment of diseases and the cure for cancer. This summer I plan to prepare, alter, and run ring-opening and substituent-changing reactions. By running these reactions, I will be better able to understand the scientific theory that occurs within the reaction. I also want to be able to understand the complex relationships between time, temperature, and reactants and their deliveray methods in regards to running chemical reactions. The knowledge is also something that I hope to obtain and can acquire by practice and experience.
Vanaeyah M. Tran (DRS)
School/College: CST/ Major: Biochemistry
Mentor: S. Sieburth / Department: Biochemistry
Project: “Nicotine in Photochemistry Stereocontrol”
Nicotine, also know as (S)-3-(1-methylpyrrolidin-2-y1)pyridine, was first isolated from the tobacco plant in 1828 and has since then been studied for many different uses. It is popularly known as a component of cigarettes among other tobacco products. Nicotine is also known to play a role in many biological functions of the body, acting in the central and peripheral nervous system, the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, and the endocrine glands. As a result of its structure (C10H14N2) and chemical properties, having a pyrrolidine attached at the third position of the pyridine ring, this natural product is believed to be a versatile compound, offering many synthetic uses. Both the pyrrolidine and pyridine rings can be manipulated by the addition of substituents. The pyridine ring of nicotine can be converted into a pyridone, which are widely known for their ease of undergoing [4+4] photocyloadditions. [Because] many enzymes require a substrate of a particular stereochemical arrangement ... Preserving the stereochemistry of S-(-)- nicotine will be one of my many challenges in taking on this project.
Greg M. Wetmore (DRS)
School/College: CLA /Major: GUS
Mentor: J. Mennis / Department: GUS
Project: “Predicting Commuter Behavior Based on Socio-Economic Status & Access to Transportation Options”
The conventional wisdom about public transportation use in the Philadelphia metropolitan area says that the vast majority of riders are those whose socio-economic status puts them in the lower- and lower-middle classes, with the small exception of those who make use of some parts of the regional rail system. Testing this assumption will shed light on who the riders of public transportation are, and thus allow the researcher to predict commuting behavior of residents of the Phildelphia metropolitan area. The objective of this research project is to model and predict commuting behavior of people in a given location, based on various socio-economic varialbes, access to public transportation, and job location and category. Results are ultimately intended to inform public policy regarding public transportation, as well as predict the potential use of new public transportation routes.