A philosopher denounces the suppression of the feminine in Western culture
Feminism, Nature, and Art
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In Earth Muse, Carol Bigwood describes what she sees as a suppression of the feminine in Western culture, technology, and philosophy and opens a feminist postmodern space from which new differences may emerge. Drawing on the work of the later Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Derrida, and significant alternative feminist thought (such as French feminism, maternal philosophy, and ecofeminism), she explores underdeveloped themes in American and Canadian feminism. Bigwood's style is self-questioning and descriptive; she (writes) plays on the margins between philosophy and literature, between serious analysis and humor.
The author offers a deconstruction of the phallocentric dichotomies of nature and culture, self and other, and the concepts of power, action, and making. Affirming the deep relations between the oppression of women, the exploitation of the earth, and the oppression of people of color, Bigwood cautiously attempts to reconceptualize the natural cultural situation of human begins in a way that is not built on domination or essentialist structures. Between the chapters she describes and illustrates four monumental artworks that are "written with the body and are pregnant with poetic-philosophic depths."
"The principal merit of Carol Bigwood's Earth Muse is, precisely, its earthiness. Extremely detailed analyses of the western philosophical tradition and enculturated attitudes toward nature...are tied together by exquisitely sensual meditations on great artworks.... The striking concreteness of Bigwood's writingher love of the physical of the sensory, of what is fluid and generativerepresent her antidote to 'the ontological exile of the feminine from western Being' and her cautious, yet profound first steps toward a 'nonsexist ontology.' Much like an accomplished set of musical variations upon a theme, this is an impressive achievement."
"Earth Muse is a provocative, innovative, insightful and even witty investigation of the intersection of Heideggerian and post-Heideggerian critiques of the 'essence of technology' with the feminist critique of phallocentric thought and culture.... It is a powerful synthesis of two contemporary postmodern views which are not readily associated with each other, and a convincing portrait of what things would look like were we somehow to break the spell of phallocentric and logocentric presuppositions."
1. Is "Woman" Dead?
2. Renaturalizing Gender (with the help of Merleau-Ponty)
3. The Will to Power and the Feminine
4. Deconstructing the Culture/Nature Dichotomy: Preparations
5. Mother Doesn't Matter
6. Toward and Backward: An Ecofeminist Revisioning of Human Be(com)ing
7. The Being of Water in the Hydroelectric Plant
8. Ecological Be(com)ing in the World-Earth Home
Carol Bigwood is Assistant Professor in the Philosophy Department at the University of Toronto.