An advocate of minimum justified violence and a pacifist engage in a dialogue about the uses and abuses of violence
Two Paths Toward Peace
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James W. Child and Donald Scherer
What makes violence bad? Is peace merely the absence of war? Is non-violence anything more than not acting violently? When, if ever, is violence justified? Can violence stop violence? These are among the difficult issues that are grappled with in the uniquely structured Two Paths Toward Peace. In this book, an advocate of minimum justified violence, Child, and a pacifist, Scherer, engage in a dialogue about the uses and abuses of violence in the contemporary world.
Scherer begins the exchange with a thoughtful and coherent explanation of traditional pacifism and an introduction to a new conception of pacifismteleological pacifismwhich was espoused by Gandhi. Child responds by assessing the cost of uncritical pacifism, particularly in the 20th century. The authors then embark on a detailed three-part inquiry: dissecting first the concept of justified violence; then the concept of pacifism; and finally, exploring the interplay between these two concepts.
Part I: A Critical Examination of Justified Violence
Part II: A Critical Examination of Pacifism
Part III: The Moral and Metaphysical Foundations of Pacifism and the Justified Violence View
Part IV: The Work of Peacemaking
Afterword James W. Child
James W. Child is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Social Philosophy and Policy, Bowling Green State University.
Donald Scherer is Professor of Philosophy at Bowling Green State University and the editor of Upstream/Downstream: Issues in Environmental Ethics (Temple).