Essays that examine how Islam, Christianity, and Judaism interact with 20th-century state systems
The Religious Challenge to the State
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edited by Matthew C. Moen and Lowell S. Gustafson
Since the late 1970s, transnational religious institutions have begun to reassert their own beliefs, contending that God's law is above state law and challenging states' claims of sovereignty. In turn, states have enforced their authority by establishing government-controlled state religions, by separating religion from politics, or by denying religion's influence over public and private affairs. This collection of original essays systematically examines the way in which three of the world's major monotheistic religionsIslam, Christianity and Judaisminteract with twentieth-century state systems. Focusing on the current trend toward renewed political conflict between religious groups and sovereign states, the authors analyze this interaction in Argentina, Cuba, Mexico, the United States, Eastern Europe, Germany, Israel, Egypt, Islamic Africa, Pakistan, and the Soviet Union.
"This collection belongs to a growing number of studies of religion and culture which, in the spirit of Max Weber, treat religion as an independent variable in historical and social scientific investigation of political and economic affairs. [It is] an informative study of various levels and models of confrontation and cooperation between religious and political orders."
Part I: Introduction
Part II: South America and the Caribbean
Part III: North America
Part IV: Europe
Part V: The Middle East and Islamic Africa
Part VI: Asia
Matthew C. Moen is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Maine.
Lowell S. Gustafson is Assistant Professor Political Science at Villanova University.
Contributors: Mumtaz Ahmad, Mark Bartholomew, Donald E. Bain, Damian J. Femandez, Ann M. Lesch, Allan Metz, John 0. Voll, James W. Warhola, and the editors.