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228 pp 6x9 3 tables 4 figures 9 halftones
"In this must read on France’s ‘Muslim question,’ Fredette successfully covers broad issues from identity to citizenship, from education to employment. The analysis of paradoxical French policies adopted to integrate Muslims and Muslims’ dynamic responses is fascinating. Constructing Muslims in France offers an engaging discursive analysis based on in-depth ethnographic data."
Ahmet T. Kuru, Associate Professor of Political Science at San Diego State University and author of Secularism and State Policies toward Religion: The United States, France, and Turkey
The standing of French Muslims is undercut by a predominant and persistent elite public discourse that frames Muslims as failed and incomplete French citizens. This situation fosters the very separations, exclusions, and hierarchies it claims to deplore as Muslims face discrimination in education, housing, and employment.
In Constructing Muslims in France, Jennifer Fredette provides a deft empirical analysis to show the political diversity and complicated identity politics of this relatively new population. She examines the public identity of French Muslims and evaluates images in popular media to show how stereotyped notions of racial and religious differences pervade French public discourse. While rights may be a sine qua non for fighting legal and political inequality, Fredette shows that additional tools such as media access are needed to combat social inequality, particularly when it comes in the form of unfavorable discursive frames and public disrespect.
Presenting the conflicting views of French national identity, Fredette shows how Muslims strive to gain recognition of their diverse views and backgrounds and find full equality as French citizens.
Excerpt available at www.temple.edu/tempress
"Fredette’s book is a masterful contribution to the scholarship on Muslims and the incorporation of ethnic and religious minorities in France. She does a remarkable job of explaining the intertwined relationships among the politicians, the media, and French intellectuals and the differences in how the French and U.S. educational systems operate. Constructing Muslims in France enhances the literature by elucidating contradictions and revealing how Muslims respond to discrimination in education, hiring, and housing and how they interpret and react to the way they are depicted in prevailing elite discourses."
Caitlin Killian Associate Professor of Sociology at Drew University and author of North African Women in France: Gender, Culture, and Identity
"Bravo to Jennifer Fredette for her rich and engaging analysis that supports convincingly the central arguments about Muslim diversity, elite resistance, and French citizenship. Her interpretivist approach to how elite and public discourses shape perceptions and the social construction of Muslim identity is excellent, and her writing is highly accessible, with many useful examples. Constructing Muslims in France makes a very important contribution to citizenship studies, public law, feminist studies, and comparative politics."
Amy Mazur Professor in the Department of Political Science at Washington State University and coauthor (with Dorothy McBride) of The Politics of State Feminism: Innovation in Comparative Research (Temple)
1. Introduction: Why Do We Ask Whether Muslims Can Be French?
2. Elusive Citizenship: The Consequences of an Undesirable Public Identity
3. Claiming Membership: French Muslim Identities, Political Goals, and Repertoires of Contention
4. Education: The (Undelivered?) Promise of Republican Equality
5. Employment: The Muslim Experience in (and out of) the Workplace
6. Housing: The Banlieues as a Geographic and Socially Constructed Place
7. The Contentious Concept of Frenchness: French Muslims Embracing, Reimagining, but Not Rejecting the Republican Triad
Appendix: Sample Questionnaire
Jennifer Fredette is Professor of Public Law at North Central College in Naperville, Illinois. She is the translator of Sylvain Brouard and Vincent Tiberj's As French As Everyone Else? A Survey of French Citizens of Maghrebin, African, and Turkish Origin (Temple).
Political Science and Public Policy
Race and Ethnicity
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