How the interests of Seattle and Japanese Americans were linked in the processes of urban boosterism before World War II
Claiming the Oriental Gateway
Prewar Seattle and Japanese America
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Shelley Sang-Hee Lee
In Claiming the Oriental Gateway, Shelley Sang-Hee Lee explores the various intersections of urbanization, ethnic identity, and internationalism in the experience of Japanese Americans in early-twentieth-century Seattle. She examines the development and self-image of the city by documenting how U.S. expansion, Asian trans-Pacific migration, and internationalism were manifested locally—and how these forces affected residents’ relationships with one another and with their surroundings.
Lee details the significant role that Japanese Americans—both immigrants and U.S.-born citizens—played in the social and civic life of the city as a means of “becoming American.” Seattle embraced the idea of cosmopolitanism and boosted its role as a cultural and commercial "gateway to the Orient" as it also limited the ways in which Asian Americans could participate in the public schools, local art production, civic celebrations, and sports. Lee also looks at how Japan encouraged the notion of the "gateway" in its participation in the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition and the International Potlatch.
Claiming the Oriental Gateway is an illuminating study of the "Pacific Era" and trans-Pacific relations in the first four decades of the twentieth century.
"Lee has an engaging style of writing, and it is refreshing to see an in-depth study of the much-neglected Pacific Northwest, where the third-largest group of Japanese Americans lived. Claiming the Oriental Gateway will be of interest to students and scholars because so little has been written about the Pacific Northwest Asian American experience."
"Lee has written a welcome contribution to the understudied history of Seattle and the Pacific Northwest while simultaneously making a valuable theoretical intervention in scholarly understandings of Japanese American ethnic identity and early twentieth century U.S. racial ideologies.... [S]tudents of urban, Asian American, and Pacific Northwest history will find much to appreciate in this thoughtful book."
"Lee’s account is engaging and original. Drawing upon a wealth of archival and interview-based sources, it extends Asian American historical understandings of the oft-ignored Pacific Northwest.... Lee’s most important contribution is to connect discussions of Japanese American ethnic identity (by historians such as David Yoo and Lon Kurashige) and Asian American transnationalism (by scholars such as Yong Chen, Madeline Hsu, Dorothy Fujita-Rony, and Eiichiro Azuma) by arguing that Japanese Americans crafted their identities, even local ones, with scrupulous attention to international configurations.... [She] argues convincingly that Japanese Americans fought for their place in the United States in part by locating themselves as part of a cosmopolitan, Pacific Rim city, and in doing so, helped to shape the city itself. Lee’s narrative of negotiations over race, nation, and space is a welcome addition to regional, urban, and Asian American historiography."
"[Lee] does a commendable job of describing the Nikkei community’s role in the history of Seattle. She provides a vivid description of Jackson Street—identified as the Skid Row of Seattle—and the location of Seattle’s Nikkei community. Yet Lee shows the dynamism of this working-class neighborhood— poor yet prosperous, multiethnic, and vibrant....Lee documents how Seattle’s Nikkei negotiated their lives in productive and self-affirming ways that benefited themselves and their community while contributing to the overall growth and development of the city."
"Groundbreaking.... The main strength of this study is its illumination of the challenges Japanese Americans faced as they tried to engage with claims of cosmopolitanism as well as with racism.... The book benefits from Lee's use of new and lesser-known archival material, her original argument, and her compelling writing style. Claiming the Oriental Gateway is an important scholarly contribution to twentieth-century American history and Asian American history in particular."
"[A]n engaging and well-researched study of how life in the international 'ghetto' of Seattle's Jackson Street neighborhood reflected the racial dynamics of Pacific Rim geopolitics in the years prior to World War II.... [T]his book is a treasure. Lee superbly evokes the consciousness of both a place and an entire era."
"Claiming the Oriental Gateway is a book worth reading. It is as much an exercise in international history as it is in ethnic studies. Many authors these days talk about connecting the global with the local, but few achieve it. Shelly Lee is one who does. This is a detailed study of Seattle’s Japanese American community from the dawn of the twentieth century to the 1940s....Lee excels in showing the Japanese American community’s independent development, in interplay with Chinese and Filipinos, but also with whites and blacks. She helps us see the life patterns of individuals and of neighborhoods even as she keeps the transpacific dimension clearly in view.... This is careful scholarship, original, richly researched in a large number of archives, fully conversant with the secondary literature, carefully assembled into a coherent narrative, and smoothly written. As usual, Temple University Press’s Asian American History and Culture series has produced a book that is as attractive physically as it is intellectually. The press, the series editors, and Professor Lee are all to be congratulated."
In the series
Asian American History and Culture, edited by Sucheng Chan, David Palumbo-Liu, Michael Omi, K. Scott Wong, and Linda Trinh Vő.
The "standard" written histories of Asian immigrants to the United States have been imbued with Western cultural biases. As a critique and corrective to earlier work, Asian American History and Culture, edited by Sucheng Chan, David Palumbo-Liu, Michael Omi, K. Scott Wong, and Linda Trinh Vő, aims to develop a history of Asian Americans that is compatible with their own experience, that treats Asian Americans as agents of historical change and as creators of a new culture. In addition, this series intends to focus on the groups that are flourishing in the contemporary U.S.Filipinos, Koreans, Vietnameseabout whom little has been written as well as to add to the substantial work done on the Chinese and Japanese in this country.