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Essays that challenge the benefits of globalization and new technologies

The Critical Study of Work

Labor, Technology, and Global Production

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edited by Rick Baldoz, Charles Koeber and Philip Kraft

"This volume presents innovative, comparative case studies of work and the politics of labor around the world. Moving the field of labor process studies onto new conceptual terrain, The Critical Study of Work should be required reading for anyone seeking to understand globalization and how it shapes and connects work experiences in offices, retail establishments, homes, and factories."
Vicki Smith, Professor of Sociology, University of California, Davis, and author of Crossing the Great Divide: Worker Risk and Opportunity in the New Economy

Two broad developments reshaped work at the end of the twentieth century. The first was the implosion of the Soviet Union and the worldwide triumph of market capitalism. The second was the increasing use of computer-based production technologies and management command-and-control systems. How do we make sense of these important developments?

The editors have assembled a collection of provocative, original essays on work and workplaces throughout the world that challenge the current celebration of globalization and new technologies. Building on labor process analysis, individual case studies venture beyond factory and office to examine "virtual" workplaces, computer-era cottage work, and emotional and household labor. The settings range from Indian and Irish software factories to Brazilian supermarkets, Los Angeles sweatshops, and Taiwanese department stores.

Other essays seek to make theoretical sense of increasingly de-centered production chains, fluid work relations, and uncertain employment. Individually and collectively the authors construct a new critical study of work, highlighting the connections between geography, technology, gender, race, and class. They offer an accessible and flexible approach to the study of workplace relations and production organization—and even the notion of work itself.

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Excerpt

Read Chapter 1 (pdf).

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Reviews

"[A]n important contribution to the literature on labor, labor relations, labor process, labor value, globalization and technology and work."
Anthropology of Work Review

"This edited collection will be of interest to scholars curious about the theoretical development and recent empirical research in labour process analysis.... The qualitative/ ethnographic methodologies employed in these labour process analyses yield valuable insights into the real experiences of workers confronting the forces of global market capitalism."
Canadian Journal of Sociology Online

Read a review from Processed World, 2.001, written by Chris Carlsson (pdf).

Read a review from Journal of World-Systems Research, Volume 10.2, (Summer 2004), written by Leslie C. Gates (pdf).

"The overall quality of the contributions is outstanding and Baldoz, Koeber and Kraft deserve high marks for assembling work that will interest scholars and stimulate undergraduates and learned nonspecialists."
Social Forces

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Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: Making Sense of Work in the 21st Century – Rick Baldoz, Charles Koeber, and Philip Kraft.

Part I: Continuity and Change
1. Dwelling in Capitalism, Traveling Through Socialism – Michael Burawoy
2. Do Capitalist Matter in the Capitalist Labor Process? Collective Capacities, Group Interest, and Management Prerogatives, C. 1886-1904 – Jeffrey Haydu

Part II: Service and Service Sector Workers
3. Gender, Race, and the Organization of Reproductive Labor – Evelyn Nakano Glenn
4. The Body as a Contested Terrain for Labor Control: Cosmetics Retailers in Department Stores and Direct Selling – Pei-Chia Lan
5. Silent Rebellions in Capitalist Paradise: A Brazil-Quebec Comparison – Angelo Soares

Part III. Production and Industrial Workers
6. Flexible Despotisms: The Intensification of Insecurity and Uncertainty in the Lives of Silicon Valley’s High-Tech Assembly Workers – Jennifer Chun
7. The Challenge of Organizing in a Globalized/Flexible Industry: The Case of the Apparel Industry in Los Angeles – Edna Bonacich
8. Transcending Taylorism and Fordism? Three Decades of Work Restructuring – James Rinehart
9. Manufacturing Compromise: The Dynamics of Race and Class Among South African Shop Stewards in the 1990s – Edward Webster

Part IV. Professional and Technical Workers
10. "Globalization": The Next Tactic in the Fifty Year Struggle of Labor and Capital in Software Production – Richard Sharpe
11. Controlling Technical Workers in Alternative Work Arrangements: Rethinking the Work Contract – Peter Whalley and Peter Meiksins
12. Net-Working for a Living: Irish Software Developers in the Global Workplace – Seán Ó’Riain

About the Contributors

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About the Author(s)

Rick Baldoz is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Hawaii.

Charles Koeber is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Wichita State University.

Philip Kraft is Associate Professor of Sociology at SUNY Binghamton.

Contributors: Michael Burawoy, Jeffrey Haydu, Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Pei-Chia Lan, Angelo Soares, Jennifer JiHye Chun, Edna Bonacich, James Rinehart, Edward Webster, Richard Sharpe, Peter Meiksins and Peter Whalley, Seán Ó Riain, and the editors.

Subject Categories

Labor Studies and Work
Sociology

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