Learning how to manage your time so that you can accomplish what you set out to accomplish is a skill that will help you throughout your life. It is particularly helpful when you are a college student as you have deadlines and many competing priorities that need your attention. It's natural to feel overwhelmed and anxious at times, but having a plan to help you get organized and set priorities will help ease the tension.
Everyone develops their own approach to better manage time, and here are a few tips to help you:
A. Anticipate and plan
Every student needs to have some kind of tool to keep track of his/her busy life. This could be a calendar, a day planner, a hand held electronic planner, or a legal pad. Whatever the tool, it needs to be something you can carry with you, and you also need to be able to see at least a week at a time so that projects or tests don't sneak up on you. Most things take longer than we think they will, so if you think about things in advance and plan for the certainties, you will have enough flexibility in your schedule to handle the unexpected things that come up. Put everything on your calendar... tests and projects, study time, social engagements, etc.
B. Break tasks down
Whether you are faced with a big task, such as graduating in 4 years, or smaller tasks such as studying for a final, it helps if you break the task down into smaller, more manageable parts. Students who procrastinate often comment that when they wait to the last minute to complete a project, they often feel overwhelmed, and the task seems insurmountable. By setting priorities and breaking the bigger project into smaller tasks, the work is more manageable, and less intimidating.
Here's how to break tasks down:
1.Look at the big picture; make sure you understand what the end product is supposed to look like. Ask the professor to show you examples from previous classes.
2.Look at the parts. What pieces will enable you to get to the whole? Figure out step-by step what you need to do. It's not going to happen through magic.
3.Think about the logical order of completing the pieces. What should you do first, second, third. Etc?
4.Create a timeline for completing your tasks.
5.Have a plan to help you stay on track. Put the time you will spend on the project into your study schedule so that you can set aside the time for it. Stick with this plan. A plan is only good if you see it through.
6.Complete it early enough to have some time left for a final review.
C. Cross things off
Making a "to do" list is an essential part of effective time management. Making these lists helps you see all that has to be done, and it is a memory jogger to remind you of what has to be done. You can make immediate to do lists and longer term to do lists. Putting a date when tasks are due is helpful. Writing things on your hand to help you remember things can only take you so far!
D. Don't procrastinate
If most of your life you have followed the belief of "don't do today what you can put off until tomorrow", then most likely you brought this mind set with you to college. Procrastination can lead to many sleepless nights (literally) and can contribute to academic and personal difficulties. Procrastination can simply be a way of life for many students, and this can be stressful for them as well as others around them. It might be hard to do, but take care of business first, and then do fun things.
Here are some advantages of being a good time manager:
- You will have less stress in your life.
- You will have more time for the things you want to do and that you enjoy.
- You can be a better-rounded student and enjoy many aspects of college life.
- You will be able to spend more time with friends.
- You can learn more... efficient learners get more from classes than those who keep trying to figure out how to study and learn effectively.
- You will be able to play more.
- You will feel good about yourself... when you feel good about your academic accomplishments; it spills over into other parts of your life.