Types and Definitions
What is Interpersonal Violence?
Interpersonal violence is inflicted by an individual or small group of individuals, and includes intentional use of force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment or deprivation. Interpersonal violence includes the following:
- Sexual Assault
- Domestic Abuse
- Dating Violence
What is sexual assault?
Sexual assault is any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient. Falling under the definition of sexual assault are the following:
- forced sexual intercourse
- Unwanted or coerced sexual acts
- Forcible sodomy
- Child molestation
- Attempted rape
What is Domestic Abuse?
Domestic abuse is a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner. Domestic abuse can be physical, sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions. Perpetrators of domestic violence often employ more than one of these actions while victimizing a partner.
What is Dating Violence?
Dating violence is violence committed by a person who is in or has been in a romantic or intimate relationship with the victim.
What is stalking?
Stalking is unlike many other crimes because it involves a series or a pattern of behaviors. It can consist of a wide variety of acts including, but not limited to:
- Unwanted phone calls, mail, e-mails text messages, instant messaging, and Facebook or twitter posts or messages
- Following, tracking with GPS, making unwanted appearances at victimís home, workplace, or social location
- Sending or leaving gifts, vandalizing property, and/or harming pets.
Stalking may include violent acts against a victim or to gain a victim's attention.
Continuum of Violence
Interpersonal violence occurs along a continuum of attitudes and behaviors. There are several visual depictions of the continuum of violence, each with one thing in common: they depict sexual violence as a range or succession of related behaviors. These may include individual acts of sexually violating behaviors, or norms and attitudes.