Policies on Academic Honesty and Integrity
Temple University believes strongly in academic honesty and integrity: any kind of academic dishonesty is prohibited and subject to disciplinary action. Essential to intellectual growth is the development of independent thought and respect for the thoughts of others. Academic honesty fosters this independence and respect.
Primarily, the three types of academic dishonesty include the following: Plagiarism, Violating the Rules of an Assignment, Cheating on Exams, and Copying Class Materials without Permission of the Instructor or the School.
1. Plagiarism is the unacknowledged use of another person’s ideas, words, or assistance. All work done for courses, papers, examinations, homework exercises, laboratory reports, oral presentations, (etc.) is expected to be the individual effort of the student presenting the work.
There are many forms of plagiarism: repeating another person’s sentence as your own; adopting a particularly apt phrase as your own without attribution; paraphrasing someone else’s argument as your own without attribution; or even presenting someone else’s line of thinking in the development of a thesis as though it were your own. All of these forms of plagiarism are prohibited both by the traditional principles of academic honesty and by the regulations of Temple University.
Our education and our research encourage us to explore and use the ideas of others, and as writers we will frequently want to use the ideas and even the words of others. It is perfectly acceptable to do so; but we must never submit someone else’s work as if it were our own: rather, we must give appropriate credit to the originator.
Some examples of plagiarism are obvious. Students must not copy someone else's exam answers or reports, submit a paper written in whole or in part by someone else, or have a friend do an assignment or take a test for them. Other forms of plagiarism, however, are less obvious. Here are some guidelines concerning the types of materials that should be acknowledged by using citations:
Quotations. Whenever you use a phrase, sentence, or longer passage written (or spoken) by someone else, you must enclose the words in quotation marks and indicate the exact source of the material (including Internet citations). This applies to quotations you have altered, whether the source is an article, journal, book, or material from the Internet. If you are in doubt, it is best to cite the source.
Paraphrasing another's language. Avoid closely paraphrasing another's words. Please be aware that substituting a synonym, leaving out or adding a modifier, rearranging the grammar slightly, or changing the tenses of verbs are all examples of plagiarism, since the original thought and language was taken directly from another source. Through the Internet, it is now fairly easy to trace plagiarism, so students should always cite work that has been borrowed from another author.
Either quote the material directly, using quotation marks, or put the ideas completely in your own words. In either case, acknowledgement is necessary. Remember: expressing someone else's ideas in your own way does not make them yours. This includes ideas and articles taken from the Internet.
“Public domain” material must be cited. If items are copied from the Internet word-for-word or paraphased, it is considered plagiarism, unless you indicate the source of the passage, acknowledging the person (or source) who wrote the information..
Facts. When writing a paper, students often use facts they obtained from a class lecture, written work, the Internet or other sources. If the facts are well known, it is usually not necessary to provide a source. (In a paper on American history, for example, ordnarily it would not be necessary to give a source for the statement that the Civil War began in 1861 after the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln.) But if the facts are not widely known or if the facts were developed or presented by a specific source, then you should identify the source for the facts.
Ideas. If you use an idea or ideas that you learned from a lecture, written work, the Internet or some other source, then you should identify the source. You should identify the source for an idea whether or not you agree with the idea. It does not become your original idea just because you agree with it.
Using confidential, patented, proprietary, or original documents from your company without your company's knowledge or permission is a form of plagiarism. Instructors in the QA/RA program expect students to write and submit original work and not to use or divulge the content of proprietary company documents. Doing so is a violation of the School's Code of Conduct and will be brought before the Graduate Committee and a Disciplinary Committee and could result in expulsion from the QA/RA graduate program.
In addition, QA/RA courses and all course materials provided through Blackboared, handouts, and other means are the property of Temple University School of Pharmacy and may not be copied, taped, recorded, or duplicated in any format without the expressed prior consent of the course instructor and the QA/RA Graduate Program of the School of Pharmacy. When approved, recordings may be used solely for the student's personal use and may not be reproduced or distributed through any medium without the prior consent of the instructor and the QA/RA Graduate Program of the School of Pharmacy.
Posting lecture materials on the Internet or sharing them with other colleagues is regarded as an overt violation of the School's Code of Conduct and will be brought to the Graduate Committee and a Disciplinary Committee and could result in the student being dismissed from the program.
In general, all sources must be identified as clearly, accurately, and thoroughly as possible. When in doubt about whether to identify a source, you should cite the source. When preparing a paper, ask your instructors whether they expect you to use footnotes. You should list all sources consulted in a bibliography at the end of your paper; however, doing so does not exonerate you from quoting these sources without indicating the exact words that were cited. We advise you use footnotes and citations.
2. Violating the Rules of an Assignment
Academic course work is intended to advance the skills, knowledge, and intellectual competence of students. Students should not behave in such a way as to thwart these intentions. When students are given assignments, the instructor will normally explain the rules or expectations for carrying out that assignment. If you do not understand the directions, you should ask your instructor for clarification. These rules are intended to make the assignment an educational experience and to make certain that the students' accomplishments on the assignment can be fairly evaluated.
Academic cheating is, in general terms, the thwarting or breaking of the general rules of academic work and/or the specific rules of individual courses. It includes falsifying data; submitting, without the instructor's approval, work in one course which was done for another; helping others to plagiarize or cheat from one's own or someone else's work; downloading material from the Internet and submitting it as one’s own work, or actually doing the work of another person.
Another form of academic cheating occurs when work is submitted as if produced according to instructions when actually it is produced by some other means or is simply invented. When students are given an assignment, it is assumed that they will do their own work. A student should not make up data for a report or prepare a report without doing the assignment. Doing so is a form of plagiarism.
A special case of such cheating occurs when students avoid the expected work of an assignment by drawing upon their own work, already done for another course - for instance, by submitting a paper from one course to fulfill an assignment for another course. This is academic cheating, since it frustrates the aims of the assignment. It avoids the development of skill, knowledge, and competence for which the assignment was made. When instructors assign papers to be written outside class, they assume that a student will prepare a paper specifically for that course. This does not mean, of course, that students should avoid building upon their previous work, but they should bring this to the attention of their instructor ahead of time, discussing how the original paper will be expanded for the new course.
All education assumes a continuous building upon what has been previously learned. For the purpose of course work, however, work you have already done should be regarded as if it were the work of someone else. Specific use of that work must be appropriately acknowledged. And substitution of that work for a current assignment is a form of cheating unless specifically permitted by the instructor. If you wish to use a paper that you have prepared for another course, you should obtain permission from your instructor.
3. Cheating on Examinations
Examinations are intended to test your understanding and retention of the material covered in a course. If you obtain help from other students during the examination, you have cheated. Reading another student's answers while you are taking an examination is cheating.
When an examination is given in class, the instructor will state when it is a "closed book" exam. If it is, students should not use notes or any other written aids in taking the exam. In addition, all electronic devices are prohibited, including the use of cell phones, notepads, laptops, etc., unless specifically allowed by the instructor.
If you are unsure of what you may use in an exam, ask. When an examination is given out of class as a 'take home exam;' it is normally assumed that you may use class notes, texts, or even material from the library that is properly cited. Your teacher also assumes that you will complete the examination alone. You should not obtain help from fellow students, colleagues, or family members in developing your answers and turn them in as if they were your work. Again, if you are unsure of what constitutes plagiarism, ask.
All QA/RA courses require that students take one proctored exam. Violating the QA/RA program's SOPs for proctoring is considered academic honesty and will be dealth with accordingly. All proctors must be approved by the QA/RA Office, and those proctors are expected to abide by the Proctoring Procedures, which includes staying in the room during the entire exam. If the rules are violated, disciplinary action may be taken.
4. Copying and disseminating QA/RA course materials
QA/RA graduate program courses and course materials are the property of Temple University School of Pharmacy and may not be copied, taped, recorded, or duplicated in any format without the prior, written authorization of the course instructor and the School of Pharmacy.
The QA/RA Graduate Program and instructors may record individual class lectures for student use, but students do not have permission to copy, tape, record, or duplicate classes or class recordings without obtaining written permission first.
In addition, all materials distributed in QA/RA courses is for class use only and is not to be copied, duplicated, or distributed in any format outside of QA/RA courses without prior written authorization of the course instructor and the School of Pharmacy.
Violating these rules is a breach of the Academic Honesty Code of the QA/RA Graduate Program and will be dealth with accordingly. (www.temple.edu/pharmacy_qara/plagiarism.htm)
Students requiring accommodation for a disability should contact the University's Office of Disability Resources and Services at 215.204.1280 to coordinate reasonable accommodations for class recordings.
Penalties for Academic Dishonesty
The penalty for dishonesty can vary from a reprimand and receiving a failing grade for a particular assignment, to failure for the course, to suspension or expulsion from the University. The penalty varies with the nature of the offense, the individual instructor, the department, and the school or college.
With the QA/RA program of the School of Pharmacy, all accusations of academic dishonesty are submitted in writing to the Assistant Dean and the Academic Coordinator, who review the facts and may forward the case to the Graduate Committee.
The Graduate Committee will consider the facts in light of University and School of Pharmacy Policies on Academic Honesty and determine if sanctions should be imposed. The penalty for academic dishonesty can vary depending on the nature of the offense. The Committee will inform the Assistant Dean of its final decision before the end of the following semester so that the instructor and student can be notified. Faculty members are encouraged to submit their recommendations to the Assistant Dean or Director of Graduate Studies in writing so that their input may be considered in the final decision made by the Graduate Committee.
Students who believe that they have been unfairly accused may appeal the decision of the instructor according to the policies and procedures of the School of Pharmacy. The student should first speak with the instructor. If that does not resolve the matter, the student should submit a formal letter to the Assistant Dean and Director of Graduate Studies stating what happened. These materials will be referred to the Grievance Committee of the school for further action.
For more information about what constitutes Academic Dishonesty or about disciplinary and/or academic grievance procedures refer to the University’s Statement on Academic Honesty and the Student Code of Conduct or contact the Student Orientation Office, 215-204-8531.