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Technical Standards for the
Doctor of Pharmacy Degree

The curriculum, as established by the faculty, reflects core competencies essential to the practice of pharmacy. Therefore, Temple University School of Pharmacy expects that each student will be capable of completing the full curriculum of required and elective courses under the established School policies. During the admission process, each individual is evaluated on personal and academic qualifications. This includes assessment of prior academic achievements, scores on standardized national examinations, and such personal qualifications as motivation and interest in pharmacy, resourcefulness, leadership, problem-solving ability, personality, and character. Every applicant to Temple University School of Pharmacy is considered without regard to handicap but with the expectation that all elements of the curriculum can be completed. The presence of a handicap may impede an individual's ability in one or more of these areas. In these cases, the School must be fully satisfied that the applicant can make normal progress through the curriculum. Candidates for the PharmD degree must have the functional use of the senses of vision and hearing. Candidate's skills will also be lessened without the functional use of the senses of equilibrium and smell. Additionally, they must have sufficient exteroceptive sense (touch, pain and temperature), and sufficient motor functions to permit them to carry out the activities described in the sections that follow. They must be able to integrate consistently, quickly and accurately all information received by whatever sense(s) employed, and they must have the intellectual ability to learn, integrate, analyze and synthesize data.


A PharmD candidate must have abilities and skills of five varieties, including: observation; communication; motor; conceptual, integrative and quantitative; and behavioral and social. Technological compensation can be made for some handicaps in certain of these areas but a candidate should be able to perform in a reasonably independent manner. The use of a trained intermediary means that a candidate's judgment must be mediated by someone else's powers of selection and observation, and is not acceptable.


I. Observation: The candidate must be able to observe demonstrations and experiments in the basic sciences, and interpret demonstrations and experiments (in both the basic and clinical sciences), and practice-based activities. A candidate must be able to observe a patient accurately at a distance and close at hand. Observation necessitates the functional use of the sense of vision. It is enhanced by the functional use of the sense of smell.


II. Communication: A candidate should be able to speak, to hear and to observe patients and other health care professionals in order to elicit both verbal and non-verbal information, and must be able to communicate effectively and sensitively with and about patients. Communication includes speech, reading, and writing. The candidate must be able to perceive and respond appropriately to all types of communication (verbal, non-verbal, written) from faculty, staff, peers, patients, caregivers and family of patients, the public, and all members of the health care team in order to complete the didactic and clinical portions of the curriculum.

 

III. Motor: Candidates should have sufficient motor function to carry out basic laboratory techniques and to elicit information from patients. The candidate must have sufficient motor function and skills to accomplish basic pharmacy practice tasks. These include (but are not limited to) compounding prescriptions, filling prescriptions, counting prescription medications, administering medications, preparing intravenous products, and administering intramuscular and subcutaneous injections.

 

The candidate must be able to gather patient information through palpation and auscultation and other diagnostic maneuvers and to perform first aid and/or cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the clinical setting. These acts require that the senses of touch and vision, as well as coordination and equilibrium be intact. Both gross and fine motor skills are used in the normal practice of pharmacy.
The candidate must be able to transport him or herself to off-site settings and experiential locations in a timely manner.


The candidate must be able to consistently, quickly, and accurately integrate all information that has been gathered by the various senses and combine this result with the candidate's ability to learn, analyze, and synthesize data. Such actions require coordination of both gross and fine muscular movements, equilibrium, and functional use of the senses of touch and vision.

 

IV. Intellectual-Conceptual, Integrative, and Quantitative Abilities: These abilities include measurement, calculation, reasoning, analysis, and synthesis. Problem-solving, the critical skill demanded of pharmacists, requires all of these intellectual abilities. The candidate must be able to learn, integrate, analyze, and synthesize data from written and electronic sources, the classroom, the practice lab, and clinical sites.

 

The candidate must be able to accurately and independently evaluate his/her own performance and formulate strategies for addressing deficiencies and improving professional skills.

 

V. Behavioral and Social Attributes: A candidate must possess the physical and emotional health required for full utilization of his/her intellectual abilities, the exercise of good judgment, the prompt completion of all responsibilities attendant to the care of patients, and the development of mature, sensitive and effective relationships with patients. Candidates must be able to adapt to changing environments, to display flexibility and function in the face of uncertainties inherent in the academic and clinical environments with appropriate coping responses. Compassion, integrity, concern for others, interpersonal skills, interest, and motivation are qualities that are assessed during the admission and education process. The candidate must have the ability to recognize and display respect for differences in culture, values, and ethics among patients, faculty, peers, clinical and administrative staff and colleagues.

 

The candidate must be able to identify and demonstrate appropriate behavior to protect the safety and well being of patients, faculty, peers, clinical and administrative staff and colleagues.

 

The candidate must be able to identify and take responsibility for actions in the academic and experiential settings.

 

The candidate must be able to handle situations appropriately and professionally when those situations may be physically, emotionally, or intellectually stressful, including those situations that must be handled promptly and calmly.

 

The candidate must comply with the professional codes of conduct, not limited to the "Oath of the Pharmacist" that candidates take at the White Coat Ceremony. The candidate must demonstrate the highest level of professional demeanor and behavior, and must perform in an ethical manner in all dealings with patients, faculty, peers, clinical and administrative staff, and colleagues.


When a letter of acceptance to Temple University School of Pharmacy is mailed, a detailed copy of the Technical Standards for Completion of the Curriculum will be included. The applicant will be asked to respond in writing whether he/she can meet the standards with or without accommodation. In the event that accommodation is requested, the student must submit documentation of disability with the proposed accommodation from a certified specialist to the Office of Student Affairs.


The University Disability Resources and Services department will work with any student who has a documented disability to obtain reasonable accommodations. An applicant should be able to evaluate him or herself for compliance with these Technical Standards.

 

A continuing student who develops a disability should request accommodations based on the limitations of the disability through the Office of Student Services.
Individuals unable to meet the above Technical Standards may be unable to progress and/or complete the Pharm.D. program.


Office of Disability Resources and Services

100 Ritter Annex

1301 Cecil B. Moore Avenue

Phone: 215-204-1280