Pharm.D. Educational Competencies
- Think critically and solve complex problems.
- Communicate effectively verbally and in writing.
- Demonstrate interpersonal skills and a professional demeanor.
- Make rational, legal, ethical and responsible decisions.
- Demonstrate sensitivity and tolerance of the cultural, societal and economic diversity in patients.
- Assume responsibility for optimizing patient outcomes related to medication therapy.
- Identify and analyze emerging issues, products and services, in order to maintain professional competency. Self-assess learning needs to design, implement, and evaluate strategies to promote intellectual growth and continued professional development.
- Design, implement, monitor, evaluate, and adjust evidence based pharmacy care plans that are patient specific; address health literacy, cultural diversity, behavioral and psychosocial issues.
- Integrate and apply evidence-based knowledge of the biomedical, pharmaceutical and clinical sciences.
- Collect information to prevent, identify and solve drug related problems.
- Retrieve, analyze, and interpret the professional, lay, and scientific literature to provide drug information and counseling to patients, their families or care givers, and other involved health care providers
- Develop a patient centered pharmacy care plan.
- Monitor patients to determine if the therapy is appropriate, effective and safe.
- Effectively communicate information to patients, caregivers and other health professionals regarding rational drug therapy, wellness and health promotion.
- Document interventions and outcomes in writing.
- Provide initial emergency care by becoming certified in first-aid and CPR.
- Identify, prevent, manage and document adverse outcomes of medication therapy.
- Manage a successful patient-centered practice (including establishing, marketing, and being compensated for medication therapy management and patient care services rendered).
- Provide population-based care, through the ability to develop and implement population specific, evidence-based disease management programs and protocols based upon analysis of epidemiologic and pharmacoeconomic data, medication use criteria, medication use review, and risk-reduction strategies.
- Manage and use resources of the health care system, in cooperation with patients, prescribers, other health care providers, and administrative and supportive personnel, to promote health; to provide, assess, and coordinate safe, accurate, and time-sensitive medication distribution; and to improve therapeutic outcomes of medication use.
- Manage medication use systems, through the ability to apply patient- and population-specific data, quality improvement strategies, medication safety and error reduction programs, and research processes to minimize drug misadventures and optimize patient outcomes; to participate in the development of medication use criteria and health policy; and help design pharmacy benefits.
- Evaluate drug orders or prescriptions.
- Accurately and safely compound and dispense drugs.
- Perform pharmaceutical calculations.
- Ensure that medications are properly administered.
- Demonstrate competence in informatics.
Note: Competencies in informatics include basic terminology (data, information, knowledge, hardware, software, networks, information systems, information systems management); reasons for systematic processing of data, information and knowledge in health care; and the benefits and current constraints in using information and communication technology in health care. (Adapted from recommendations of the International Medical Informatics Association).
- Promote health improvement, wellness, and disease prevention in cooperation with patients, communities, at-risk populations, and other members of an interprofessional team of health care providers.
Legend: Numbers indicate a competency; Letters (subsections) indicate an enabling competency.