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Elina Toskala, MD, PhD


Elina Toskala, MD, PhD


Professor, Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

Telephone:  215-707-7115

Email: elina.toskala@tuhs.temple.edu




Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery


Educational Background:


Medical degree: University of Kuopio, Finland, 1992


PhD, Respiratory Medicine, University of Kuopio, Finland, 1994


Internship, Surgery, Central Hospital, Hämeenlinna and Tampere City Hospital, Finland, 1993-1994


Residency, Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Tampere, Finland, 1994-1999


Fellowship, Allergology, University of Helsinki, Finland, 2000-2002


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clinical Interests:


  • Surgical therapy, medical therapy, and immunotherapy for allergic and inflammatory disorders of the nose and sinuses (sinusitis, rhinitis)
  • Diagnosis and treatment of occupational allergy and asthma
  • Clinical connection of asthma and rhinitis and chronic sinusitis

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professional affiliations:



  • European Rhinologic Society (member), 2001-present
  • European Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology (member, 2006-present, board member of ENT section, 2009-present)
  • American Academy of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, 2007-present (international fellow, 2007-present; member of Allergy and Immunology Committee, 2010-present)
  • Collegium Oto-Rhino-Laryngologicum Amicitiae Sacrum, 2012- present


  • Finnish College of Physicians (member), 1998-present
  • Finnish Medical Association Duodecim (member), 1998-present
  • Finnish Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (member, 1999-present; member of Board and Treasurer, 2003-2007; president, 2008-2010)
  • Finnish Rhinologic Society (member, 1999-present; board member 2003-2006; president, 2006-2007)
  • Finnish Allergy Research Foundation (board member, 2008-2012)

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research interests:


  • Allergy and immunotherapy
  • Pathogenesis and management of chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Unified airway concept and environmental exposure effects on the airways
  • Genetic component of chronic sinusitis
  • Asthma and allergy and development of new therapies for allergic diseases and asthma

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Toskala E., Rautiainen M., Nuutinen J. Scanning and electron microscopy for diagnosis of respiratory cilia. in Rhinology- A State of Art. Kugler Publications, Amsterdam/New York. 1995: 331-332

Georgitis JW, Toskala EM. Medical and surgical therapy for sinusitis. Coping with Asthma and Allergy, USA. 1998;2:14-16

Toskala E. Aspects of mucociliary flow and mechanics in nasal cavity and sinuses. In Baum GL, Priel Z, Roth Y, Liron N, Ostfeld E (eds.). Cilia, mucus, and mucociliary interactions. Marchel Dekker, Inc. New York, Hong Kong. 1997:227-230

Toskala E. Otorhinolaryngological Emergencies. In Castren (ed) Handbook in First Aid. Red Cross and Duodecim, Helsinki, 2003

Toskala E. Endoscopic sinus surgery. Mehilainen, Helsinki, Finland 2007

Toskala E. Sublingual immunotherapy. Mehilainen, Helsinki, Finland 2007

Toskala E. Occupational rhinitis. In Taskinen and Uitti (eds.) Occupational Diseases. Duodecim, Helsinki, 2010

Toskala E. Allergic Rhinitis. In Nuutinen J (ed). Otorhinolaryngology, Duodecim, Helsinki, 2011

Toskala E. Unified Airways. In Rhinology. In Kennedy and Hwang (eds). Diseases of the Nose, Sinuses, and Skull Base. Thieme, New York, 2012

Toskala E. Hakonarson H. Genetics in Rhinology. In Fokkens WJ (ed). Rhinology. Thieme , Stuttgart, 2012: In press


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Recent Medically Related Publications, Obtained from PubMed (Click on PubMed ID to view abstract)

25840723. Westman M, Stjärne P, Bergström A, Kull I, Toskala E, Cardell LO, Wickman M, Holmström M, Chronic rhinosinusitis is rare but bothersome in adolescents from a Swedish population-based cohort. J Allergy Clin Immunol :()2015 Apr 1

25653042. Katainen E, Kostamo K, Virkkula P, Sorsa T, Tervahartiala T, Haapaniemi A, Toskala E, Local and systemic proteolytic responses in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis and asthma. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 5:4(294-302)2015 Apr

25182350. Toskala E, Immunology. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 4 Suppl 2:(S21-7)2014 Sep

24889751. Orlandi RR, Smith TL, Marple BF, Harvey RJ, Hwang PH, Kern RC, Kingdom TT, Luong A, Rudmik L, Senior BA, Toskala E, Kennedy DW, Update on evidence-based reviews with recommendations in adult chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 4 Suppl 1:(S1-S15)2014 Jul

24801802. Linkov G, Toskala E, Sublingual immunotherapy: what we can learn from the European experience. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 22:3(208-10)2014 Jun

24654915. Newson RB, van Ree R, Forsberg B, Janson C, Lötvall J, Dahlén SE, Toskala EM, Baelum J, Brozek GM, Kasper L, Kowalski ML, Howarth PH, Fokkens WJ, Bachert C, Keil T, Krämer U, Bislimovska J, Gjomarkaj M, Loureiro C, Burney PG, Jarvis D, Geographical variation in the prevalence of sensitization to common aeroallergens in adults: the GA(2) LEN survey. Allergy 69:5(643-51)2014 May

24597050. Toskala E, Work-related airway diseases. ORL Head Neck Nurs 31:4(11-6)2013 Fall

24595210. Purkey MT, Li J, Mentch F, Grant SF, Desrosiers M, Hakonarson H, Toskala E, Genetic variation in genes encoding airway epithelial potassium channels is associated with chronic rhinosinusitis in a pediatric population. PLoS One 9:3(e89329)2014

24428394. Moscato G, Pala G, Cullinan P, Folletti I, Gerth van Wijk R, Pignatti P, Quirce S, Sastre J, Toskala E, Vandenplas O, Walusiak-Skorupa J, Malo JL, EAACI Position Paper on assessment of cough in the workplace. Allergy 69:3(292-304)2014 Mar

24408124. Suojalehto H, Vehmas T, Lindström I, Kennedy DW, Kilpeläinen M, Plosila T, Savukoski S, Sipilä J, Varpula M, Wolff H, Alenius H, Toskala E, Nasal nitric oxide is dependent on sinus obstruction in allergic rhinitis. Laryngoscope 124:6(E213-8)2014 Jun

24286674. Georgopoulos R, Krouse JH, Toskala E, Why otolaryngologists and asthma are a good match: the allergic rhinitis-asthma connection. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 47:1(1-12)2014 Feb

24147569. Newson RB, Jones M, Forsberg B, Janson C, Bossios A, Dahlen SE, Toskala EM, Al-Kalemji A, Kowalski ML, Rymarczyk B, Salagean EM, van Drunen CM, Bachert C, Wehrend T, Krämer U, Mota-Pinto A, Burney P, Leynaert B, Jarvis D, The association of asthma, nasal allergies, and positive skin prick tests with obesity, leptin, and adiponectin. Clin Exp Allergy 44:2(250-60)2014 Feb

24117882. Tomassen P, Jarvis D, Newson R, Van Ree R, Forsberg B, Howarth P, Janson C, Kowalski ML, Krämer U, Matricardi PM, Middelveld RJ, Todo-Bom A, Toskala E, Thilsing T, Brozek G, Van Drunen C, Burney P, Bachert C, Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin-specific IgE is associated with asthma in the general population: a GA(2)LEN study. Allergy 68:10(1289-97)2013 Oct

24117663. Westman M, Kull I, Lind T, Melén E, Stjärne P, Toskala E, Wickman M, Bergström A, The link between parental allergy and offspring allergic and nonallergic rhinitis. Allergy 68:12(1571-8)2013 Dec

23889995. Wang K, Kim C, Bradfield J, Guo Y, Toskala E, Otieno FG, Hou C, Thomas K, Cardinale C, Lyon GJ, Golhar R, Hakonarson H, Whole-genome DNA/RNA sequencing identifies truncating mutations in RBCK1 in a novel Mendelian disease with neuromuscular and cardiac involvement. Genome Med 5:7(67)2013

23704072. Suojalehto H, Toskala E, Kilpeläinen M, Majuri ML, Mitts C, Lindström I, Puustinen A, Plosila T, Sipilä J, Wolff H, Alenius H, MicroRNA profiles in nasal mucosa of patients with allergic and nonallergic rhinitis and asthma. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 3:8(612-20)2013 Aug

23495252. Toskala E, Allergy. Editorial. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 3:3(169-70)2013 Mar

23389557. Cobanoglu B, Toskala E, Ural A, Cingi C, Role of leukotriene antagonists and antihistamines in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 13:2(203-8)2013 Apr

23315962. Purkey MT, Smith TL, Ferguson BJ, Luong A, Reisacher WR, Pillsbury HC 3rd, Toskala E, Subcutaneous immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis: an evidence based review of the recent literature with recommendations. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 3:7(519-31)2013 Jul

23181247. Hellings PW, Scadding G, Alobid I, Bachert C, Fokkens WJ, Gerth van Wijk R, Gevaerts P, Guilemany J, Kalogjera L, Lund VJ, Mullol J, Passalacqua G, Toskala E, van Drunen CM, Executive summary of European Task Force document on diagnostic tools in rhinology. Rhinology 50:4(339-52)2012 Dec

23121771. Papadopoulos NG, Agache I, Bavbek S, Bilo BM, Braido F, Cardona V, Custovic A, Demonchy J, Demoly P, Eigenmann P, Gayraud J, Grattan C, Heffler E, Hellings PW, Jutel M, Knol E, Lötvall J, Muraro A, Poulsen LK, Roberts G, Schmid-Grendelmeier P, Skevaki C, Triggiani M, Vanree R, Werfel T, Flood B, Palkonen S, Savli R, Allegri P, Annesi-Maesano I, Annunziato F, Antolin-Amerigo D, Apfelbacher C, Blanca M, Bogacka E, Bonadonna P, Bonini M, Boyman O, Brockow K, Burney P, Buters J, Butiene I, Calderon M, Cardell LO, Caubet JC, Celenk S, Cichocka-Jarosz E, Cingi C, Couto M, Dejong N, Del Giacco S, Douladiris N, Fassio F, Fauquert JL, Fernandez J, Rivas MF, Ferrer M, Flohr C, Gardner J, Genuneit J, Gevaert P, Groblewska A, Hamelmann E, Hoffmann HJ, Hoffmann-Sommergruber K, Hovhannisyan L, Hox V, Jahnsen FL, Kalayci O, Kalpaklioglu AF, Kleine-Tebbe J, Konstantinou G, Kurowski M, Lau S, Lauener R, Lauerma A, Logan K, Magnan A, Makowska J, Makrinioti H, Mangina P, Manole F, Mari A, Mazon A, Mills C, Mingomataj E, Niggemann B, Nilsson G, Ollert M, O'Mahony L, O'Neil S, Pala G, Papi A, Passalacqua G, Perkin M, Pfaar O, Pitsios C, Quirce S, Raap U, Raulf-Heimsoth M, Rhyner C, Robson-Ansley P, Alves RR, Roje Z, Rondon C, Rudzeviciene O, Ruëff F, Rukhadze M, Rumi G, Sackesen C, Santos AF, Santucci A, Scharf C, Schmidt-Weber C, Schnyder B, Schwarze J, Senna G, Sergejeva S, Seys S, Siracusa A, Skypala I, Sokolowska M, Spertini F, Spiewak R, Sprikkelman A, Sturm G, Swoboda I, Terreehorst I, Toskala E, Traidl-Hoffmann C, Venter C, Vlieg-Boerstra B, Whitacker P, Worm M, Xepapadaki P, Akdis CA, Research needs in allergy: an EAACI position paper, in collaboration with EFA. Clin Transl Allergy 2:1(21)2012 Nov 2

23063622. Asselbergs FW, Guo Y, van Iperen EP, Sivapalaratnam S, Tragante V, Lanktree MB, Lange LA, Almoguera B, Appelman YE, Barnard J, Baumert J, Beitelshees AL, Bhangale TR, Chen YD, Gaunt TR, Gong Y, Hopewell JC, Johnson T, Kleber ME, Langaee TY, Li M, Li YR, Liu K, McDonough CW, Meijs MF, Middelberg RP, Musunuru K, Nelson CP, O'Connell JR, Padmanabhan S, Pankow JS, Pankratz N, Rafelt S, Rajagopalan R, Romaine SP, Schork NJ, Shaffer J, Shen H, Smith EN, Tischfield SE, van der Most PJ, van Vliet-Ostaptchouk JV, Verweij N, Volcik KA, Zhang L, Bailey KR, Bailey KM, Bauer F, Boer JM, Braund PS, Burt A, Burton PR, Buxbaum SG, Chen W, Cooper-Dehoff RM, Cupples LA, deJong JS, Delles C, Duggan D, Fornage M, Furlong CE, Glazer N, Gums JG, Hastie C, Holmes MV, Illig T, Kirkland SA, Kivimaki M, Klein R, Klein BE, Kooperberg C, Kottke-Marchant K, Kumari M, LaCroix AZ, Mallela L, Murugesan G, Ordovas J, Ouwehand WH, Post WS, Saxena R, Scharnagl H, Schreiner PJ, Shah T, Shields DC, Shimbo D, Srinivasan SR, Stolk RP, Swerdlow DI, Taylor HA Jr, Topol EJ, Toskala E, van Pelt JL, van Setten J, Yusuf S, Whittaker JC, Zwinderman AH, Anand SS, Balmforth AJ, Berenson GS, Bezzina CR, Boehm BO, Boerwinkle E, Casas JP, Caulfield MJ, Clarke R, Connell JM, Cruickshanks KJ, Davidson KW, Day IN, de Bakker PI, Doevendans PA, Dominiczak AF, Hall AS, Hartman CA, Hengstenberg C, Hillege HL, Hofker MH, Humphries SE, Jarvik GP, Johnson JA, Kaess BM, Kathiresan S, Koenig W, Lawlor DA, März W, Melander O, Mitchell BD, Montgomery GW, Munroe PB, Murray SS, Newhouse SJ, Onland-Moret NC, Poulter N, Psaty B, Redline S, Rich SS, Rotter JI, Schunkert H, Sever P, Shuldiner AR, Silverstein RL, Stanton A, Thorand B, Trip MD, Tsai MY, van der Harst P, van der Schoot E, van der Schouw YT, Verschuren WM, Watkins H, Wilde AA, Wolffenbuttel BH, Whitfield JB, Hovingh GK, Ballantyne CM, Wijmenga C, Reilly MP, Martin NG, Wilson JG, Rader DJ, Samani NJ, Reiner AP, Hegele RA, Kastelein JJ, Hingorani AD, Talmud PJ, Hakonarson H, Elbers CC, Keating BJ, Drenos F, Large-scale gene-centric meta-analysis across 32 studies identifies multiple lipid loci. Am J Hum Genet 91:5(823-38)2012 Nov 2

23040884. Bousquet J, Schünemann HJ, Samolinski B, Demoly P, Baena-Cagnani CE, Bachert C, Bonini S, Boulet LP, Bousquet PJ, Brozek JL, Canonica GW, Casale TB, Cruz AA, Fokkens WJ, Fonseca JA, van Wijk RG, Grouse L, Haahtela T, Khaltaev N, Kuna P, Lockey RF, Lodrup Carlsen KC, Mullol J, Naclerio R, O'Hehir RE, Ohta K, Palkonen S, Papadopoulos NG, Passalacqua G, Pawankar R, Price D, Ryan D, Simons FE, Togias A, Williams D, Yorgancioglu A, Yusuf OM, Aberer W, Adachi M, Agache I, Aït-Khaled N, Akdis CA, Andrianarisoa A, Annesi-Maesano I, Ansotegui IJ, Baiardini I, Bateman ED, Bedbrook A, Beghé B, Beji M, Bel EH, Ben Kheder A, Bennoor KS, Bergmann KC, Berrissoul F, Bieber T, Bindslev Jensen C, Blaiss MS, Boner AL, Bouchard J, Braido F, Brightling CE, Bush A, Caballero F, Calderon MA, Calvo MA, Camargos PA, Caraballo LR, Carlsen KH, Carr W, Cepeda AM, Cesario A, Chavannes NH, Chen YZ, Chiriac AM, Chivato Pérez T, Chkhartishvili E, Ciprandi G, Costa DJ, Cox L, Custovic A, Dahl R, Darsow U, De Blay F, Deleanu D, Denburg JA, Devillier P, Didi T, Dokic D, Dolen WK, Douagui H, Dubakiene R, Durham SR, Dykewicz MS, El-Gamal Y, El-Meziane A, Emuzyte R, Fiocchi A, Fletcher M, Fukuda T, Gamkrelidze A, Gereda JE, González Diaz S, Gotua M, Guzmán MA, Hellings PW, Hellquist-Dahl B, Horak F, Hourihane JO, Howarth P, Humbert M, Ivancevich JC, Jackson C, Just J, Kalayci O, Kaliner MA, Kalyoncu AF, Keil T, Keith PK, Khayat G, Kim YY, Koffi N'goran B, Koppelman GH, Kowalski ML, Kull I, Kvedariene V, Larenas-Linnemann D, Le LT, Lemière C, Li J, Lieberman P, Lipworth B, Mahboub B, Makela MJ, Martin F, Marshall GD, Martinez FD, Masjedi MR, Maurer M, Mavale-Manuel S, Mazon A, Melen E, Meltzer EO, Mendez NH, Merk H, Mihaltan F, Mohammad Y, Morais-Almeida M, Muraro A, Nafti S, Namazova-Baranova L, Nekam K, Neou A, Niggemann B, Nizankowska-Mogilnicka E, Nyembue TD, Okamoto Y, Okubo K, Orru MP, Ouedraogo S, Ozdemir C, Panzner P, Pali-Schöll I, Park HS, Pigearias B, Pohl W, Popov TA, Postma DS, Potter P, Rabe KF, Ratomaharo J, Reitamo S, Ring J, Roberts R, Rogala B, Romano A, Roman Rodriguez M, Rosado-Pinto J, Rosenwasser L, Rottem M, Sanchez-Borges M, Scadding GK, Schmid-Grendelmeier P, Sheikh A, Sisul JC, Solé D, Sooronbaev T, Spicak V, Spranger O, Stein RT, Stoloff SW, Sunyer J, Szczeklik A, Todo-Bom A, Toskala E, Tremblay Y, Valenta R, Valero AL, Valeyre D, Valiulis A, Valovirta E, Van Cauwenberge P, Vandenplas O, van Weel C, Vichyanond P, Viegi G, Wang DY, Wickman M, Wöhrl S, Wright J, Yawn BP, Yiallouros PK, Zar HJ, Zernotti ME, Zhong N, Zidarn M, Zuberbier T, Burney PG, Johnston SL, Warner JO, Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA): achievements in 10 years and future needs. J Allergy Clin Immunol 130:5(1049-62)2012 Nov

23025484. Hellings PW, Fokkens WJ, Akdis C, Bachert C, Cingi C, Dietz de Loos D, Gevaert P, Hox V, Kalogjera L, Lund V, Mullol J, Papadopoulos NG, Passalacqua G, Rondón C, Scadding G, Timmermans M, Toskala E, Zhang N, Bousquet J, Uncontrolled allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis: where do we stand today? Allergy 68:1(1-7)2013 Jan

22764607. Fokkens WJ, Lund VJ, Mullol J, Bachert C, Alobid I, Baroody F, Cohen N, Cervin A, Douglas R, Gevaert P, Georgalas C, Goossens H, Harvey R, Hellings P, Hopkins C, Jones N, Joos G, Kalogjera L, Kern B, Kowalski M, Price D, Riechelmann H, Schlosser R, Senior B, Thomas M, Toskala E, Voegels R, Wang de Y, Wormald PJ, European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2012. Rhinol Suppl :23(3 p preceding table of contents, 1-298)2012 Mar

22469599. Fokkens WJ, Lund VJ, Mullol J, Bachert C, Alobid I, Baroody F, Cohen N, Cervin A, Douglas R, Gevaert P, Georgalas C, Goossens H, Harvey R, Hellings P, Hopkins C, Jones N, Joos G, Kalogjera L, Kern B, Kowalski M, Price D, Riechelmann H, Schlosser R, Senior B, Thomas M, Toskala E, Voegels R, Wang de Y, Wormald PJ, EPOS 2012: European position paper on rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps 2012. A summary for otorhinolaryngologists. Rhinology 50:1(1-12)2012 Mar

22382913. Bousquet J, Anto JM, Demoly P, Schünemann HJ, Togias A, Akdis M, Auffray C, Bachert C, Bieber T, Bousquet PJ, Carlsen KH, Casale TB, Cruz AA, Keil T, Lodrup Carlsen KC, Maurer M, Ohta K, Papadopoulos NG, Roman Rodriguez M, Samolinski B, Agache I, Andrianarisoa A, Ang CS, Annesi-Maesano I, Ballester F, Baena-Cagnani CE, Basagaña X, Bateman ED, Bel EH, Bedbrook A, Beghé B, Beji M, Ben Kheder A, Benet M, Bennoor KS, Bergmann KC, Berrissoul F, Bindslev Jensen C, Bleecker ER, Bonini S, Boner AL, Boulet LP, Brightling CE, Brozek JL, Bush A, Busse WW, Camargos PA, Canonica GW, Carr W, Cesario A, Chen YZ, Chiriac AM, Costa DJ, Cox L, Custovic A, Dahl R, Darsow U, Didi T, Dolen WK, Douagui H, Dubakiene R, El-Meziane A, Fonseca JA, Fokkens WJ, Fthenou E, Gamkrelidze A, Garcia-Aymerich J, Gerth van Wijk R, Gimeno-Santos E, Guerra S, Haahtela T, Haddad H, Hellings PW, Hellquist-Dahl B, Hohmann C, Howarth P, Hourihane JO, Humbert M, Jacquemin B, Just J, Kalayci O, Kaliner MA, Kauffmann F, Kerkhof M, Khayat G, Koffi N'Goran B, Kogevinas M, Koppelman GH, Kowalski ML, Kull I, Kuna P, Larenas D, Lavi I, Le LT, Lieberman P, Lipworth B, Mahboub B, Makela MJ, Martin F, Martinez FD, Marshall GD, Mazon A, Melen E, Meltzer EO, Mihaltan F, Mohammad Y, Mohammadi A, Momas I, Morais-Almeida M, Mullol J, Muraro A, Naclerio R, Nafti S, Namazova-Baranova L, Nawijn MC, Nyembue TD, Oddie S, O'Hehir RE, Okamoto Y, Orru MP, Ozdemir C, Ouedraogo GS, Palkonen S, Panzner P, Passalacqua G, Pawankar R, Pigearias B, Pin I, Pinart M, Pison C, Popov TA, Porta D, Postma DS, Price D, Rabe KF, Ratomaharo J, Reitamo S, Rezagui D, Ring J, Roberts R, Roca J, Rogala B, Romano A, Rosado-Pinto J, Ryan D, Sanchez-Borges M, Scadding GK, Sheikh A, Simons FE, Siroux V, Schmid-Grendelmeier PD, Smit HA, Sooronbaev T, Stein RT, Sterk PJ, Sunyer J, Terreehorst I, Toskala E, Tremblay Y, Valenta R, Valeyre D, Vandenplas O, van Weel C, Vassilaki M, Varraso R, Viegi G, Wang DY, Wickman M, Williams D, Wöhrl S, Wright J, Yorgancioglu A, Yusuf OM, Zar HJ, Zernotti ME, Zidarn M, Zhong N, Zuberbier T, Severe chronic allergic (and related) diseases: a uniform approach--a MeDALL--GA2LEN--ARIA position paper. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 158:3(216-31)2012

22312833. Valovirta E, Korhonen K, Kuitunen M, Kukkonen-Harjula K, Lammintausta K, Pallasaho P, Ralli P, Savolainen J, Toskala E, Virtanen T, [Update on current care guidelines: Allergen specific immunotherapy]. Duodecim 128:1(108-9)2012

22056609. Westman M, Stjärne P, Asarnoj A, Kull I, van Hage M, Wickman M, Toskala E, Natural course and comorbidities of allergic and nonallergic rhinitis in children. J Allergy Clin Immunol 129:2(403-8)2012 Feb

22050239. Jarvis D, Newson R, Lotvall J, Hastan D, Tomassen P, Keil T, Gjomarkaj M, Forsberg B, Gunnbjornsdottir M, Minov J, Brozek G, Dahlen SE, Toskala E, Kowalski ML, Olze H, Howarth P, Krämer U, Baelum J, Loureiro C, Kasper L, Bousquet PJ, Bousquet J, Bachert C, Fokkens W, Burney P, Asthma in adults and its association with chronic rhinosinusitis: the GA2LEN survey in Europe. Allergy 67:1(91-8)2012 Jan

22034730. Airaksinen L, Toskala E, [Clinical assessment of work-related rhinitis]. Duodecim 127:18(1929-33)2011

21769455. Karvala K, Toskala E, Luukkonen R, Uitti J, Lappalainen S, Nordman H, Prolonged exposure to damp and moldy workplaces and new-onset asthma. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 84:7(713-21)2011 Oct

21724368. Geneid A, Rönkkö M, Voutilainen R, Airaksinen L, Toskala E, Alku P, Vilkman E, Detecting inaudible vocal organ changes through glottal inverse filtering. J Voice 26:2(154-63)2012 Mar

21605125. Hastan D, Fokkens WJ, Bachert C, Newson RB, Bislimovska J, Bockelbrink A, Bousquet PJ, Brozek G, Bruno A, Dahlén SE, Forsberg B, Gunnbjörnsdóttir M, Kasper L, Krämer U, Kowalski ML, Lange B, Lundbäck B, Salagean E, Todo-Bom A, Tomassen P, Toskala E, van Drunen CM, Bousquet J, Zuberbier T, Jarvis D, Burney P, Chronic rhinosinusitis in Europe--an underestimated disease. A GA²LEN study. Allergy 66:9(1216-23)2011 Sep

21427744. Garcia-Larsen V, Luczynska M, Kowalski ML, Voutilainen H, Ahlström M, Haahtela T, Toskala E, Bockelbrink A, Lee HH, Vassilopoulou E, Papadopoulos NG, Ramalho R, Moreira A, Delgado L, Castel-Branco MG, Calder PC, Childs CE, Bakolis I, Hooper R, Burney PG, Use of a common food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess dietary patterns and their relation to allergy and asthma in Europe: pilot study of the GA2LEN FFQ. Eur J Clin Nutr 65:6(750-6)2011 Jun

21261657. Bousquet J, Anto J, Auffray C, Akdis M, Cambon-Thomsen A, Keil T, Haahtela T, Lambrecht BN, Postma DS, Sunyer J, Valenta R, Akdis CA, Annesi-Maesano I, Arno A, Bachert C, Ballester F, Basagana X, Baumgartner U, Bindslev-Jensen C, Brunekreef B, Carlsen KH, Chatzi L, Crameri R, Eveno E, Forastiere F, Garcia-Aymerich J, Guerra S, Hammad H, Heinrich J, Hirsch D, Jacquemin B, Kauffmann F, Kerkhof M, Kogevinas M, Koppelman GH, Kowalski ML, Lau S, Lodrup-Carlsen KC, Lopez-Botet M, Lotvall J, Lupinek C, Maier D, Makela MJ, Martinez FD, Mestres J, Momas I, Nawijn MC, Neubauer A, Oddie S, Palkonen S, Pin I, Pison C, Rancé F, Reitamo S, Rial-Sebbag E, Salapatas M, Siroux V, Smagghe D, Torrent M, Toskala E, van Cauwenberge P, van Oosterhout AJ, Varraso R, von Hertzen L, Wickman M, Wijmenga C, Worm M, Wright J, Zuberbier T, MeDALL (Mechanisms of the Development of ALLergy): an integrated approach from phenotypes to systems medicine. Allergy 66:5(596-604)2011 May

22410181. Scadding G, Hellings P, Alobid I, Bachert C, Fokkens W, van Wijk RG, Gevaert P, Guilemany J, Kalogjera L, Lund V, Mullol J, Passalacqua G, Toskala E, van Drunen C, Diagnostic tools in Rhinology EAACI position paper. Clin Transl Allergy 1:1(2)2011 Jun 10

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