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Stephen Arnoff

Carol J. Homko, PhD


Associate Professor, Medicine

Assistant Professor (Adjunct), Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences

Telephone:  215-707-3784

Email: homkoc@temple.edu


Department of Medicine, Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences


Educational Background:

Undergraduate degree, BSN, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 1970


PhD, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, 2000


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clinical Interests:


Diabetes and pregnancy

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board certifications:


Certified Diabetes Educator, 1986, 1991, 1997, 2002

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professional affiliations:

  • American Diabetes Association, Professional Section
  • American Association of Diabetes Educators
  • American Telemedicine Association

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research interests:


  • Diabetes and pregnancy
  • Cardiovascular risk reduction
  • Obesity
  • Telemedicine

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Recent Medically Related Publications, Obtained from PubMed (Click on PubMed ID to view abstract)

26355033. Boden G, Homko C, Barrero CA, Stein TP, Chen X, Cheung P, Fecchio C, Koller S, Merali S, Excessive caloric intake acutely causes oxidative stress, GLUT4 carbonylation, and insulin resistance in healthy men. Sci Transl Med 7:304(304re7)2015 Sep 9

25956704. Singla R, Homko C, Schey R, Parkman HP, Diabetes-related autoantibodies in diabetic gastroparesis. Dig Dis Sci 60:6(1733-7)2015 Jun

25840923. Wytiaz V, Homko C, Duffy F, Schey R, Parkman HP, Foods provoking and alleviating symptoms in gastroparesis: patient experiences. Dig Dis Sci 60:4(1052-8)2015 Apr

25600163. Homko CJ, Duffy F, Friedenberg FK, Boden G, Parkman HP, Effect of dietary fat and food consistency on gastroparesis symptoms in patients with gastroparesis. Neurogastroenterol Motil 27:4(501-8)2015 Apr

24740571. Boden G, Cheung P, Kresge K, Homko C, Powers B, Ferrer L, Insulin resistance is associated with diminished endoplasmic reticulum stress responses in adipose tissue of healthy and diabetic subjects. Diabetes 63:9(2977-83)2014 Sep

24651811. Boden G, Cheung P, Salehi S, Homko C, Loveland-Jones C, Jayarajan S, Stein TP, Barrero CA, Merali S, Williams KJ, Liu ML, Response to comment on Boden et al. Insulin regulates the unfolded protein response in human adipose tissue. Diabetes 2014;63:912-922. Diabetes 63:4(e2)2014 Apr

24286121. Homko CJ, Zamora LC, Boden G, Parkman HP, Bodyweight in patients with idiopathic gastroparesis: roles of symptoms, caloric intake, physical activity, and body metabolism. Neurogastroenterol Motil 26:2(283-9)2014 Feb

24239498. Herring SJ, Nelson DB, Pien GW, Homko C, Goetzl LM, Davey A, Foster GD, Objectively measured sleep duration and hyperglycemia in pregnancy. Sleep Med 15:1(51-5)2014 Jan

24130338. Boden G, Cheung P, Salehi S, Homko C, Loveland-Jones C, Jayarajan S, Stein TP, Williams KJ, Liu ML, Barrero CA, Merali S, Insulin regulates the unfolded protein response in human adipose tissue. Diabetes 63:3(912-22)2014 Mar

23913732. Boden G, Salehi S, Cheung P, Homko C, Song W, Loveland-Jones C, Jayarajan S, Comparison of in vivo effects of insulin on SREBP-1c activation and INSIG-1/2 in rat liver and human and rat adipose tissue. Obesity (Silver Spring) 21:6(1208-14)2013 Jun

23804166. Homko CJ, Zamora LC, Kerper MM, Mozzoli M, Kresge K, Boden G, A Single A1C >= 6.5% Accurately Identifies Type 2 Diabetes/Impaired Glucose Tolerance in African Americans. J Prim Care Community Health 3:4(235-8)2012 Oct 1

23666439. Kothapalli P, Bove AA, Santamore WP, Homko C, Kashem A, Factors affecting frequency of patient use of Internet-based telemedicine to manage cardiovascular disease risk. J Telemed Telecare 19:4(205-8)2013 Jun

23537980. Bove AA, Homko CJ, Santamore WP, Kashem M, Kerper M, Elliott DJ, Managing hypertension in urban underserved subjects using telemedicine--a clinical trial. Am Heart J 165:4(615-21)2013 Apr

23507967. Foster GD, Wadden TA, Lagrotte CA, Vander Veur SS, Hesson LA, Homko CJ, Maschak-Carey BJ, Barbor NR, Bailer B, Diewald L, Komaroff E, Herring SJ, Vetter ML, A randomized comparison of a commercially available portion-controlled weight-loss intervention with a diabetes self-management education program. Nutr Diabetes 3:(e63)2013 Mar 18

23270513. Eubanks A, Raza F, Alkhouli M, Glenn AN, Homko C, Kashem A, Bove A, Clinical significance of troponin elevations in acute decompensated diabetes without clinical acute coronary syndrome. Cardiovasc Diabetol 11:(154)2012 Dec 27

23242646. Mastrogiannis DS, Igwe E, Homko CJ, The role of telemedicine in the management of the pregnancy complicated by diabetes. Curr Diab Rep 13:1(1-5)2013 Feb

22512287. Homko CJ, Deeb LC, Rohrbacher K, Mulla W, Mastrogiannis D, Gaughan J, Santamore WP, Bove AA, Impact of a telemedicine system with automated reminders on outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Technol Ther 14:7(624-9)2012 Jul

22410811. Singh A, Boden G, Homko C, Gunawardana J, Rao AK, Whole-blood tissue factor procoagulant activity is elevated in type 1 diabetes: effects of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia. Diabetes Care 35:6(1322-7)2012 Jun

21809159. Bove AA, Santamore WP, Homko C, Kashem A, Cross R, McConnell TR, Shirk G, Menapace F, Treatment of patients with intermediate cardiovascular risk: Are clinical measures enough? J Nucl Cardiol 18:6(1021-5)2011 Dec

21720421. Makris AP, Borradaile KE, Oliver TL, Cassim NG, Rosenbaum DL, Boden GH, Homko CJ, Foster GD, The individual and combined effects of glycemic index and protein on glycemic response, hunger, and energy intake. Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:12(2365-73)2011 Dec

21323462. Stetson B, Schlundt D, Peyrot M, Ciechanowski P, Austin MM, Young-Hyman D, McKoy J, Hall M, Dorsey R, Fitzner K, Quintana M, Narva A, Urbanski P, Homko C, Sherr D, Monitoring in diabetes self-management: issues and recommendations for improvement. Popul Health Manag 14:4(189-97)2011 Aug

21315219. Bove AA, Santamore WP, Homko C, Kashem A, Cross R, McConnell TR, Shirk G, Menapace F, Reducing cardiovascular disease risk in medically underserved urban and rural communities. Am Heart J 161:2(351-9)2011 Feb

21046293. Homko CJ, New recommendations for the diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy. Curr Diab Rep 11:1(1-3)2011 Feb

20443085. Homko CJ, Gestational diabetes mellitus: can we reach consensus? Curr Diab Rep 10:4(252-4)2010 Aug

20436354. McConnell TR, Santamore WP, Larson SL, Homko CJ, Kashem M, Cross RC, Bove AA, Rural and urban characteristics impact cardiovascular risk reduction. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 30:5(299-308)2010 Sep-Oct

20425586. Mulla WR, Henry TQ, Homko CJ, Gestational diabetes screening after HAPO: has anything changed? Curr Diab Rep 10:3(224-8)2010 Jun

20360597. Homko CJ, Zamora L, Santamore WP, Kashem A, McConnell T, Bove AA, Gender differences in cardiovascular risk factors and risk perception among individuals with diabetes. Diabetes Educ 36:3(483-8)2010 May-Jun

20108856. Jimenez C, Santiago M, Sitler M, Boden G, Homko C, Insulin-sensitivity response to a single bout of resistive exercise in type 1 diabetes mellitus. J Sport Rehabil 18:4(564-71)2009 Nov

19897673. Boden G, Silviera M, Smith B, Cheung P, Homko C, Acute tissue injury caused by subcutaneous fat biopsies produces endoplasmic reticulum stress. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:1(349-52)2010 Jan

19820280. Foster GD, Borradaile KE, Vander Veur SS, Leh Shantz K, Dilks RJ, Goldbacher EM, Oliver TL, Lagrotte CA, Homko C, Satz W, The effects of a commercially available weight loss program among obese patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized study. Postgrad Med 121:5(113-8)2009 Sep

19640343. Mastrogiannis DS, Spiliopoulos M, Mulla W, Homko CJ, Insulin resistance: the possible link between gestational diabetes mellitus and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Curr Diab Rep 9:4(296-302)2009 Aug

19640335. Homko CJ, Oral agents in the management of the pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus: increased options. Curr Diab Rep 9:4(255-7)2009 Aug

18953207. Santamore WP, Homko CJ, Understanding how the patient interacts with Internet intervention is key to advancing telemedicine. J Cardiovasc Nurs 23:6(472-3)2008 Nov-Dec

18631439. Homko CJ, Postpartum diabetes screening for women with gestational diabetes: are we missing an opportunity for prevention? Curr Diab Rep 8:4(277-8)2008 Aug

18596496. Homko CJ, Santamore WP, Zamora L, Shirk G, Gaughan J, Cross R, Kashem A, Petersen S, Bove AA, Cardiovascular disease knowledge and risk perception among underserved individuals at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. J Cardiovasc Nurs 23:4(332-7)2008 Jul-Aug

18570561. Santamore WP, Homko CJ, Kashem A, McConnell TR, Menapace FJ, Bove AA, Accuracy of blood pressure measurements transmitted through a telemedicine system in underserved populations. Telemed J E Health 14:4(333-8)2008 May

18567819. Boden G, Duan X, Homko C, Molina EJ, Song W, Perez O, Cheung P, Merali S, Increase in endoplasmic reticulum stress-related proteins and genes in adipose tissue of obese, insulin-resistant individuals. Diabetes 57:9(2438-44)2008 Sep

18002801. Santamore WP, Homko CJ, Kashem A, McConnell TR, Bove AA, Using a telemedicine system to decrease cardiovascular disease risk in an underserved population: design, use, and interim results. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2007:(3701-4)2007

17982342. Reece EA, Homko CJ, Prepregnancy care and the prevention of fetal malformations in the pregnancy complicated by diabetes. Clin Obstet Gynecol 50:4(990-7)2007 Dec

17785358. Boden G, Vaidyula VR, Homko C, Cheung P, Rao AK, Circulating tissue factor procoagulant activity and thrombin generation in patients with type 2 diabetes: effects of insulin and glucose. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:11(4352-8)2007 Nov

17686403. Reece EA, Homko CJ, Gestational diabetes and threshold-specific outcomes. Curr Diab Rep 7:4(279-80)2007 Aug

17561800. Homko CJ, Santamore WP, Whiteman V, Bower M, Berger P, Geifman-Holtzman O, Bove AA, Use of an internet-based telemedicine system to manage underserved women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Technol Ther 9:3(297-306)2007 Jun

17456592. Trout KK, Homko C, Tkacs NC, Methods of measuring insulin sensitivity. Biol Res Nurs 8:4(305-18)2007 Apr

17270928. Santamore WP, Homko C, Marble J, Wald J, Bove AA, Improving heart failure care by using a telemedicine system. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 4:(3076-9)2004

17213471. Boden G, Vaidyula V, Homko C, Mozzoli M, Rao AK, Differential effects of somatostatin on circulating tissue factor procoagulant activity and protein. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292:5(E1333-9)2007 May

17192489. Boden G, Homko C, Mozzoli M, Zhang M, Kresge K, Cheung P, Combined use of rosiglitazone and fenofibrate in patients with type 2 diabetes: prevention of fluid retention. Diabetes 56:1(248-55)2007 Jan

17127490. Homko CJ, Reece EA, Insulins and oral hypoglycemic agents in pregnancy. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 19:11(679-86)2006 Nov

17059974. Homko CJ, Trout K, Women and diabetes. Nurs Clin North Am 41:4(549-65, vi)2006 Dec

16879780. Reece EA, Homko CJ, Preventing diabetes in high-risk individuals. Curr Diab Rep 6:4(289-90)2006 Aug

16712665. Cohen O, Epstein GS, Weisz B, Homko CJ, Sivan E, Longitudinal assessment of insulin sensitivity in pregnancy. Validation of the homeostasis model assessment. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 64:6(640-4)2006 Jun

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