Criminal Justice, Ph.D.
COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS
Admission Requirements and Deadlines
Fall: January 15
Applications are evaluated from the end of October until the deadline.
APPLY ONLINE to this graduate program.
Letters of Reference:
Number Required: 3
From Whom: Ideally, the letters should be obtained from college/university faculty
members familiar with the applicant's academic competence. Letters from employers
and other non-academic assessors are accepted but generally
carry far less weight.
Coursework Required for Admission Consideration:
No specific coursework is required for admission.
Master's Degree in Discipline/Related Discipline:
Bachelor's Degree in Discipline/Related Discipline:
A baccalaureate degree in Sociology, Geography, History, Political Science, Social Work, Law, or a related field is required.
Statement of Goals:
The Statement of Goals should be approximately 500-1,000 words
and should include the following elements: your interest
in Temple's program; your research goals and how they relate
to Temple's program; your future career goals; and your academic
and research achievements.
Standardized Test Scores:
The GRE is required. The minimum acceptable GRE scores are 500 Verbal
and 500 Quantitative. Applicants with scores just below are
considered if other aspects of their application are especially
Minimum TOEFL score needed
to be accepted:
550 paper-based, 213 computer-based, or 79 internet-based.
A resume is required.
The writing sample should demonstrate your ability to research and write a scholarly paper. The paper should not be too lengthy (up to 10 pages is preferable) and should be fully referenced according to a professional, scholarly style manual. Although it need not be related directly to Criminal Justice, it should reflect your ability to prepare a social science paper.
An applicant must supply an official
transcript from their prior graduate institution
to the Graduate Chair. The transcript
must clearly show "M.A. awarded" and provide
the date. The Graduate Committee will review the request.
Only grades of "B" or better will be accepted. If the request is
granted, the student receives advanced standing
and is awarded a maximum of 30 credits.
General Program Requirements:
Number of Didactic Credits Required Beyond
the Master's: 12
CJ 401/8101: Decision Making in Criminal Justice
CJ 402/8102: Research Methods in Criminal Justice
CJ 404/8104: Law and Social
CJ 405/8105: Fundamental Statistical Issues in Analysis of Criminal Justice Data
CJ 406/8106: Theories of Crime and Deviance
CJ 602/8302: Advanced Methods in Criminal Justice
CJ 605/8305: Advanced Statistical Issues in Criminal Justice Data
Ph.D. students without a master's degree:
Electives = 9 to 18 credit hours
the Department = 0 to 15 credit hours
with a master's degree:
Successful completion of additional elective
Internship: No internship is required.
Language Examination: No language examination is required.
Two comprehensive examinations must be passed. One is in "Justice," which has the Criminal Justice system as its focus. The second is in "Crime," which has theory as its focus. The purpose of the comprehensive exams is to demonstrate critical and interpretive knowledge in specialized areas of both the Criminal Justice system and Criminal Justice theory.
The prospectus defense evaluates the student's ability to apply specific research and/or analytic methods to the questions addressed in the prospectus. The defense occurs within several weeks of the student's advisor confirming, in writing to the Graduate Chair, that the student is ready to defend her/his prospectus.
Ideally, the prospectus defense should be completed within one academic year of the comprehensive examinations. The prospectus defense consists of a short (30-40 minute) presentation of the prospectus by the student to faculty and graduate students. Following the presentation, the Graduate Chair mediates a question-and-answer session between the student and audience. The members of the student's Doctoral Advisory Committee normally pose the initial questions at the defense. When these have been exhausted, other audience members are asked to put forth any questions they have for the student. The defense is scheduled to last no longer than two hours.
The Doctoral Advisory Committee evaluates the prospectus defense. Each member votes to Pass or Fail the student. Members can also vote to pass pending the completion of specified changes to the prospectus. In order to pass, a majority of the committee members must agree that the defense has been satisfactorily completed.
The Doctoral Advisory Committee must evaluate the quality of the presentation and of the answers provided during the question-and-answer session. Committee members look for evidence of a breadth and depth of understanding of specific substantive and methodological areas. In addition, they gauge the student's ability to utilize her/his knowledge to address the questions posed during the defense.
Students who are preparing to defend their prospectus should arrange some dates/times for the defense with the Doctoral Advisory Committee. The student should then inform the Graduate Chair of these dates/times and confirm the final date/time selected. Finally, the Graduate Chair provides confirmation of the time, date, and room.
The dissertation is an original empirical study that makes a significant contribution to the field of Criminal Justice. It should expand the existing database and demonstrate the student's knowledge of both research methods and a mastery of her/his primary area of interest. Dissertations should be rigorously investigated; uphold the ethics and standards of the field of Criminal Justice; demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the primary area of interest and the broader field of Criminal Justice; and be prepared for publication in a professional journal.
The Doctoral Advisory Committee is formed to oversee
the student's doctoral research and is comprised of at
least three Temple Graduate Faculty members. Two members,
including the Chair, must be from the Department of Criminal
Justice. Committee compositions must be approved by the
Department's Graduate Committee. The Chair is responsible
for overseeing and guiding the student's progress, coordinating
the responses of the Committee members, and informing
the student of her/his academic progress.
The Dissertation Examining Committee evaluates the student's
dissertation and oral defense. This committee is comprised
of the Doctoral Advisory Committee and at least one additional
Graduate Faculty member from outside the Department of
Criminal Justice. The Outside Examiner should be identified
no later than the beginning of the semester in which
the student will defend the dissertation.
The Dissertation Examining Committee evaluates the student's ability to express
verbally her/his research question, methodological
approach, primary findings, and implications. The Committee
votes to Pass or Fail the dissertation and the defense
at the conclusion of the public presentation.
If a student needs to change a member of a Committee, the
new member must be approved by the Department's Graduate
Committee and registered with the Graduate Secretary
and the Graduate School.
Students who are preparing to defend their dissertation
should confirm a time and date with their Doctoral Advisory Committee and register with the Graduate Secretary
at least 30 days before the defense is to be scheduled.
The Graduate Secretary arranges the time, date, and
room and forwards to the student the appropriate paperwork.
After the Graduate Secretary has arranged the time, date,
and room for the defense, the student must send to
the Graduate School (501 Carnell Hall) a completed "Announcement
of Dissertation Defense" form at least 10 working days
before the defense. The department will post flyers
announcing the defense.
Program Contact Information:
Dept. of Criminal Justice
Gladfelter Hall, 5th Floor
1115 W. Berks Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
Dr. Jerry H. Ratcliffe
Dr. Jerry H. Ratcliffe
Dr. John S. Goldkamp
About the Program
The Ph.D. degree program in Criminal Justice
is designed to produce criminal justice scholars
who will provide the future leadership for
the field in academia, private and governmental
research agencies, and policy-level positions
in criminal justice and related organizations.
The Ph.D. degree requires the completion of
a minimum of 48 hours of coursework. although
students may take additional courses to prepare
themselves for subsequent stages of their
Time Limit for Degree Completion: 7 years
Doctoral students are expected to be enrolled full-time. Part-time students are accepted in exceptional circumstances. All students should be aware that classes are scheduled both during the day and in the evening as scheduling demands, and students are expected to be available for classes when they are scheduled.
Dept. of Criminal Justice
Gladfelter Hall, 5th Floor
1115 W. Berks Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
The program encourages interdisciplinary coursework, research, and interactions among faculty and students with interests in a wide range of fields. Many of the students entering the Criminal Justice graduate program have backgrounds in subjects such as History, Political Science, Psychology, Social Work, Counseling, Sociology, Geography, Urban Studies, and Economics.
No formal ranking system exists for Criminal
Justice programs, although the Journal of Criminal
Justice Education has produced occasional
articles on program productivity. Temple University's
Criminal Justice Program is classed among
a number of schools that are acknowledged
to have extremely strong faculty, within the
top three in faculty publication in 2002.
Areas of Specialization:
Faculty members specialize and offer
substantial coursework in a wide array of
areas. Some of the broader topics covered
include criminological theory, corrections and
community corrections, issues in policing,
court processes, white collar crime, organized
crime, crime and the physical/social environment,
crime mapping and spatial analysis, juvenile
justice, criminal law, criminal justice policy-making
and strategic management, discretion in criminal
justice, restorative justice, socialization
and deviant behavior, and research methods
(qualitative/quantitative) and statistical
analysis. More specific details of faculty
research and publications can be found at
The Ph.D. program is primarily dedicated
to producing well-trained criminologists,
researchers, and criminal justice practitioners.
The job market for an individual with a Ph.D.
degree in the field is extremely good. Most
of our graduate students enter the academy
as university professors while others advance
their careers in research for government or
Non-Degree Student Policy:
Non-matriculated students are eligible
to take some of the graduate courses offered in Criminal Justice. If accepted into the program,
up to nine credits may be applied toward the degree
program. For some courses, permission of the
instructor is required before registration
by non-matriculated students can occur.
The principal duties
of a Teaching Assistant include assisting
faculty members in classroom (field, observatory)
instruction, conducting tutorials and discussion
sections, and grading quizzes. Research Assistants are expected to
devote 20 hours per week on average to research
obligations. They are assigned to a faculty
member or principal investigator who is working on
a specific research project. The appropriate
subjects are determined by consultation between
the student and the student's research and
academic advisors. Both Teaching and Research
Assistantships carry a stipend and full-tuition
remission (up to nine credits per semester). Applications
should include: (a) a statement of previous
teaching and/or research experience, areas
of interest, and future goals; (b) unofficial
transcripts; and (c) a curriculum vitae. The
Department makes offers of assistantships
in late Spring of each year.