The Olympian Gods

Name (Roman)

Places

Animals, Plants

Objects

Attributes, Activities

Zeus (Jupiter)

Olympia, Dodona, Crete

eagle, bull, oak

lightning, aegis, throne

prophecy, weather, kingship, justice

Hera (Juno)

Argos

cow, peacock

marriage, childbirth

Apollo

Delos, Delphi

snake, laurel, hyacinth

lyre, bow &arrow

prophecy, medicine, archery, music, moderation, law

Artemis (Diana)

Delos, Delphi, Brauron

bear, deer

bow&arrow, moon

chastity, hunting, protecting young, childbirth

Hephaestus (Vulcan)

Lemnos, Athens

anvil and forge

craftsmanship, blacksmith, lameness

Dionysus (Bacchus)

Thebes, Delphi, Asia

bull, snake, panther, ivy

wine, thyrsus, fawnskin

prophecy, tragedy, ecstasy, violation of limits

Aphrodite (Venus)

Cyprus, Cythera

dove, goose

(Eros)

love, sex

Poseidon (Neptune)

Athens, Crete

bull, horse

trident

earthquakes, sea

Demeter (Ceres)

Eleusis

grain

harvest, fertility, immortality (Mysteries)

Hermes (Mercury)

Mt Cyllene, Arcadia

hat, winged sandals, wand

messenger, traveller, leads souls to Hades, trickster

Ares (Mars)

Thebes, Thrace

chariot, armor

war

Athena (Minerva)

Athens

owl, snake, olive tree

aegis, armor

wisdom, war, weaving, chastity

Gods sometimes included:

Hestia (Vesta)

sacred fire

chastity, domesticity

Hades (Pluto)

lord of the Dead

Prepared by Robin Mitchell-Boyask, Associate Professor of Classics, Temple University