Research Themes/Shaping Policy/Evaluating the Waukesha County Alcohol Treatment Court
Individuals who drive while under the influence of alcohol or illicit drugs represent a significant and persistent threat to the safety and health of the nation as a whole, of each state, and of local communities. For example, data from the National Highway and Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) indicate that alcohol was involved in 7% (or about 450,000) of the accidents nationwide in 2005 (NHTSA National Center for Statistics and Analysis, 2006). Perhaps more alarming, is the fact that alcohol has repeatedly been shown to be involved in a disproportionate number of accidents in which a fatality occurs. Data from 2005 also show that alcohol was involved in 39% of accidents in which a fatality occurred, resulting in a total of 16,885 deaths. An estimated 254,000 people were injured in alcohol-related accidents during this same timeframe.
In addition to this, based on data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports (UCR), a total of 1.4 million arrests for driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol or illicit drugs were made during 2005. DUI comprised fully 10% of arrests made during this year, and represents one of the most frequently arrested offenses. By way of comparison, UCR data show that 1.9 million arrests were made for drug law violations, 1.6 million arrests were made for property crimes, 1.3 million for simple assault, and 1.2 million for larceny.
This project is an on-going process and outcome evaluation of a DUI court in Wisconsin that received implementation funding from the Bureau of Justice Assistance in 2006. An process evaluation of the first 18 months of the program found that it had been implemented in a manner highly consistent to the 10 Key components and adhered closely with the plan laid out in the grant application. During-program outcome data showed a retention rate of 90%, with few testing positive for alcohol during their stay in the program.
Hiller, M. L., Saum, C. A., & Taylor, L. (2010). Outcome evaluation of a DUI court, Offender Program Reports, 13(6), 81-93.
Hiller, M. L., Saum, C. A., Taylor, L., Watson, C., Hayes, W., & Samuelson, B. (2009). Waukesha Alcohol Treatment Court: Process and Outcomes. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University.
Hiller, M. L., Saum, C. A., Taylor, L., Morrison, K., & Samuelson, B. (2008). Washington County drug Treatment court: Process and outcomes. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University.