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**College of Arts and
Sciences
Course Descriptions**

*Note: Courses taught in Hebrew are listed under Hebrew;
those taught in English or in translation are listed under Greek,
Hebrew & Roman Classics.*

**0001. Beginner's Hebrew I (4 s.h.) FS**

Cultivation of the ability to read, write, and speak the
language. Study of a basic vocabulary and fundamental rules of
grammar. (Cross-listed with Hebrew 0051.)

**0002. Beginner's Hebrew II (4 s.h.) FS**

Continuation of Beginner's Hebrew I with emphasis on conversation
and composition. Reading of easy vocalized literature and
reports. (Cross-listed with Hebrew 0052.)

**0003. Intermediate Hebrew I (4 s.h.) FS**

Reading of moderately difficult Hebrew texts with discussion in
Hebrew. Introduction to nonvocalized literature. Principles of
vocalization and the irregular verb in all its conjugations.
Laboratory work emphasizes the retelling of literature.
(Cross-listed with Hebrew C061.)

**0004. Intermediate Hebrew II (4 s.h.) FS**

Continuation of Intermediate Hebrew I. (Cross-listed with Hebrew
0062.)

UPPER LEVEL-INTRODUCTORY COURSES

**0005. The Image of the Jew in the Motion Picture (3
s.h.) S**

This course will explore through a series of films the various
images of the Jew in the motion picture. In each class session
the students will view and discuss an appropriate film based on
the film itself and relevant readings. The films are divided into
three main groups -- different views of the Jew from non-Jewish
perspectives, different views of the Jew from Jewish
perspectives, and different responses of Jews from Jewish
perspectives to the perspectives of non-Jews. The third group of
films is itself divided into three groups-the Jew as Zionist, the
Jew as idealist, and the Jew as Holocaust victim.

**0110. What is Judaism? (3 s.h.) S**

This course introduces students to the beliefs, rituals, customs,
and practices of the Jewish people in a historical context
through an analysis of a variety of religious, cultural, and
political texts and artifacts. (Cross-listed with Religion 0224.)

**0111. The Origins of Judaism: Intro. to Judaism I (3
s.h.)**

This course presents an introductory survey of Jewish life during
the period in which the Hebrew Scriptures were composed. The
relationship between God and human beings in covenant, the rule
of divine commandments, the prophetic role, the understanding of
chosenness, and the consequent ethical obligations are studied in
the light of the growing and changing Jewish conceptions of this
period.

**0112. The Foundations of Judaism: Intro. to Judaism II
(3 s.h.) S**

This course presents an introductory survey of Jewish life during
the period in which the central texts of rabbinic Judaism were
composed-Mishnah, the Talmud, midrash, and classical rabbinic
commentaries on the Bible. The nature of God, creation, divine
providence, prayer, life after death, Israel as the chosen
people, messianism, and Jewish ethics are studied in the light of
the growing and changing Jewish conceptions of this period.
(Cross-listed with Religion 0221.)

**0121. Survey of Jewish History: Intro. to Jewish
History I (3 s.h.)**

An introduction to the major developments in Jewish history from
the destruction of the Second Jewish Commonwealth to the creation
of the State of Israel. Topics include the medieval Jewish
experience under both Christian and Islamic rule, the growth of
eastern European Jewry, the impact of emancipation, the rise of
Zionism, modern anti-Semitism and the Holocaust, and the
development of American Jewry. (Cross-listed with History 0155.)

UPPER LEVEL-ADVANCED COURSES

**0101. Biblical Hebrew I (4 s.h.) S**

This course provides an opportunity to learn the fundamentals of
the Hebrew language, the grammar, a working vocabulary to gain
knowledge of selections from the Pentateuch, Psalms and Prophets,
and discipline in the use of Lexica commentaries. (Cross-listed
with Hebrew 0071.)

**0102. Biblical Hebrew II (4 s.h.) **

Selections from the Pentateuch will be read and interpreted by
traditional interpreters as well as modern commentators.
Methodology of reading the Hebrew Scriptures will be taught, and
the historical background will be explored. (Cross-listed with
Hebrew 0073.)

**0141. Mideast Literature in Translation I (3 s.h.)**

This course includes a selection of translated short stories from
Arabic and Hebrew. It offers a view of life in the Middle East in
the last forty years in the eyes of writers from Syria, Israel,
Iran, Egypt, and Lebanon. (Cross-listed with Hebrew 0141.)

**0211. The Philosophies of Judaism: Jewish Philosophy.
I (3 s.h.)**

(Cross-listed with Religion 0225.)

**0212. Modern Trends in Judaism: Jewish Philosophy. II
(3 s.h.) F**

The development of modern Jewish thought from the late 15th
century to present. Includes Jewish philosophers such as Spinoza,
Martin Buber, Franz Rosenzweig, Mordecai Kaplan, and topics such
as the nature of God, the relation of Jewish law and ethics, the
relationship of Judaism to other religions, Zionism, and
Holocaust theology. (Cross-listed with Religion 0223.)

**W221. Introduction to the Bible (3 s.h.) FS**

Introduction to the Hebrew Scriptures. What is the Bible? Where
did it come from? How can there be so many different
interpretations of the Bible? An examination of the historical
and religious background of the Hebrew Scriptures and the various
kinds of literature in the Bible. (Cross-listed with Religion
W240.)

**0222. Historical Roots of the Bible (3 s.h.) **

A study of the history behind the Hebrew Bible from Hebrew
origins through Ezra. Contemporary literary sources and
archaelogical data will be used to show the variety of modern
historical reconstructions. (Cross-listed with History 0383.)

**0223. The Jewish Experience in America (3 s.h.) S**

This semester the course focuses on the religious experience of
American Jewish women. (cross -listed with History 0229.)

**0231. Literature and Art of the Holocaust (3 s.h.) F**

One of the main assumptions of the course is that the Holocaust,
which was considered to be a Jewish catastrophe, is humanity's
catastrophe and affirmation of the bankruptcy and failing of
western civilization. The literature of the Holocaust transmits
the horrors and terrors in concentration camps, on the trains and
in the snowy fields. The course will be offered in English.
(Cross-listed with GHR W279.)

**0232. Israel Today (3 s.h.)**

Law, geography, education, religion, politics, eastern and
western communities, and culture examined by experts in three
fields. This course will be offered in English. (Cross-listed
with GHR 0236.)

**W233. Jewish Humor Past and Present (3 s.h.) FS**

The development of Jewish humor from the medieval ages through
the Enlightenment through modern Israel. Focuses on the different
literary forms of wit and humor. Representative works and authors
are Ibn Zabara, *Book of Delight*; Perl, *The Discovery
of Secrets*; and a Sholom Aleichem selection. Concludes with
selections from Kishon, Ben-Amotz (Israel), Woody Allen, Sam
Levenson, and Nadir (U.S.). This course will be offered in
English. (Cross-listed with GHR W278.)

**R234. Anti-Semitism/Holocaust/Racism (3 s.h.) **

A history of anti-Semitism with a focus on the Holocaust and
racism. This course will investigate the development and
implementation of racial anti-Semitism in Germany and compare
Nazi anti-Semitism with other forms of racism and anti-Semitism
in Europe and America. It will also explore the connection
between anti-semitism and anti-Zionism, the growth of neo-Nazism,
and the complex relationship between American Jews and African
Americans. (Cross-listed with History R108)

**0302. Advanced Readings in Rabbinic Texts (3 s.h.) F**

The course will cover a selection of 3,000 years of Hebrew legend
and folktales. Two sources will be used. The first is stories
that are included in the Bible, Mishnah, Talmud, and selections
of stories. The second source is a collection of oral stories
published by the Israel Institute for Folklore. Themes and
literary devices will be analyzed, and the use of allegory,
fable, and symbol will be explored. References will be made to
the social and religious functions of legend. This course will be
offered in English. (Cross-listed with GHR 0253.)

**0304. Advanced Readings in Israeli Literature (3 s.h.)
**

Israel's society and individuals are shaped by the four major
wars since 1947 and small guerilla wars that never cease. The
tension between being in a constant war, and the deep yearning
for peace creates interesting and problematic literature,
portraying the heroes of war and the anti-heroes who object to
any war. The literature moves from despair to hope and explores
the justifications of Israel's being. Special attention will be
paid to recurring metaphors and symbols, and the creation of new
styles and language to express this struggle. Selections will
include works by: Y. Amichai, A. Oz, A.B. Yehoshua, D.
Rabikowitz, and D. Pagis. (Cross-listed with GHR 0145.)

**0305. Religion, Politics, and Genocide: Holocaust,
Resistance, and Response (3 s.h.) F**

Using a variety of different kinds of materials, artistic,
literary, political, and historical, this course will examine how
various individuals and communities were able to 'resist' and to
'respond' to events that occurred between the years of 1933 and
1945 in Europe, "the Holocaust." It will also attempt
to problematize this historical legacy. By raising questions
about the role of memory, testimony, and narrative, students will
be asked to respond. They will be expected to position themselves
in relation to these materials. (Cross-listed with Religion
0306.)

**0312. Love Themes in Hebrew Literature: Hebrew
Scriptures II (3 s.h.) **

The development of the different love themes from the Song of
Songs, through the golden age of Spain, Hebrew poetry in Italy,
the Enlightenment, revival period, and Israeli literature. Among
the themes will be great expectations, happiness and unity, and
the happy hell of withered love. Changes in style, form, and
content will be emphasized and recurring symbols will be
discussed. A special place in the course will be devoted to love
poetry written by women. (Cross-listed with GHR 0150.)

**0321. Development of the Modern Short Story: Jewish
Literature I (3 s.h.)**

A systematic analysis of the elements of the short story and its
development from the organized "traditional" short
story to the disorganized "modern" short story. Among
selections, stories by Y. Steinberg, Brenner, Bialik, and D.
Frishman. (Cross-listed with Hebrew 0368.)

**0322. Humor and Satire in Modern Hebrew Lit: Jewish
Literature II (3 s.h.)**

Humor and satire (1800-1960) explored through short stories of Y.
Erter, Y. Perl, Shalom Aleichem, and A. Meged. (Cross-listed with
Hebrew 0352.)

**0331. Israel and the Arabs (3 s.h.) F**

Development of Israel and its relationship with its Arab
neighbors. Includes a discussion of the evolution of Zionism, the
growth of Arab nationalism, the creation of the Jewish State, the
plight of the Palestinian refugees, and an evaluation of peace
prospects in the Middle East. (Cross-listed with GHR Classics
0275)

**0333. Women in Judaism: Jewish-Gendered Narrative (3
s.h.) S**

This course will explore a series of constructions of gender
within ancient and contemporary Judaisms. It will deal with
masculinity as well as femininity. Texts will include *Judaism
Since Gender*, *Rubber Bullets*, and *Unheroic Acts*.

**0342. Independent Study in Jewish Studies (3 s.h.) **

Intensive study under individual guidance in a specific area
suggested by the student and approved by the faculty advisor from
the Jewish Studies faculty.

Return to the list of courses.

PREPARATORY LEVEL

**0015. Prealgebra (3 s.h.) FS**

Topics include operations with rational numbers and decimals,
problem solving, equations of lines, and graphing linear
functions. (Math 0015 is a pass-fail course. It does not count
towards the number of credits required for graduation.)

**0045. Elementary Algebra (3 s.h.) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics placement or Mathematics 0015.*

Topics include algebraic operations, linear and quadratic
equations, polynomials, exponentials, systems of linear
equations, problem solving, graphing lines and parabolas.

LOWER LEVEL

**C055. College Mathematics (3 s.h.) (QA) FS**

Mathematical concepts and applications for the non-specialist.
Selected topics from areas such as Linear Programming, Management
Science, Counting Techniques, Probability, and Statistics.

**C065. Elements of Mathematical Thought (3 s.h.) (QB)
FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics C055. *

Contemporary mathematical applications for the non-specialist.
Deals with the general areas of social choice, size, and shape.
Specific topics include voting systems, fair division and
apportionment, game theory, growth and form, size of populations,
measurement, and geometric patterns.

**C066. Intuitive Calculus (3 s.h.) (QB/D4) FS**

*Prerequisite: MathematicsC055.*

This course presents a one-semester overview of the basic topics
in calculus, demonstrating their applications in a wide variety
of fields. A review of elementary skills will be given during the
first week of the semester.

**C067. Elements of Statistics (3 s.h.) (QB/D4) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics C055. *

This course provides a firm foundation for the study of
statistics in other fields. Although no one field is emphasized
to the exclusion others, applications are drawn from psychology,
political science, exercise science, and other areas.

**C073. College Algebra (3 s.h.) (QA) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics placement or grade C or better in
Mathematics 0045 or its equivalent.*

Bridges the gap in both depth and content between elementary
algebra (Mathematics 0045) and precalculus (Mathematics C074).
(Mathematics C073 is no longer a preparatory course for
Mathematics C075.) Topics include the real number system;
operations with algebraic expressions; equations and
inequalities; exponents and radicals; factoring; algebraic,
exponential, and logarithmic functions. Can be followed by any QB
Core course except Mathematics C075 or Mathematics C085. Students
planning on going on to either Mathematics C075 or Mathematics
C085 must take Mathematics C074 after Mathematics C073.

**C074. Precalculus (4 s.h.) (QA) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics placement or grade C or better in
Mathematics C073 or its equivalent. *

A preparatory course for Mathematics C075 and Mathematics C085.
Topics include roots of polynomial equations; inequalities;
algebra and graphs of polynomial, rational, exponential and
logarithmic functions; triangle trigonometry; analytic
trigonometry.

**C075. Calculus with Applications I (4 s.h.) (QB/D4) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics placement or Mathematics C074 with
grade C or better or or its equivalent. *

Starting in the Fall 1997 semester, the use of trigonometry in
Math 75 will be more extensive than in the past. At present, the
needed topics in trigonometry will be covered in the course,
however this practice will be discontinued in the near future and
knowledge of trigonometry will be required for admission to the
course. Mathematics C075 is an intuitive treatment of calculus
with emphasis on applications rather than theory. Topics include:
The coordinate plane, functions, limits, continuity,
differentiation, applications of differentiation, the definite
integral.

**0076. Calculus with Applications II (4 s.h.) (D4) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics C075 or C085 with a grade C or
better, or equivalent.*

Mathematics 0076 is an intuitive treatment of calculus with an
emphasis on applications rather than theory. Topics include
applications of integration, Logarithmic and exponential
functions, techniques of integration, improper integrals,
L'Hopital's rule, infinite series.

**C085. Calculus (4 s.h.) (QB/D4) FS**

**For students taking Mathematics C055 prior to C085; C085 is
considered D4. *

*Prerequisite: Mathematics placement or Mathematics C074 with
a grade of C or better or its equivalent. *

Mathematics C085 is an introduction to analytic geometry;
functions; limits and continuity; differentiation of algebraic
and trigonometric functions; curve sketching, applications;
anti-derivatives; the definite integral and the fundamental
theorem of calculus.

**0086. Calculus II (4 s.h.) (D4) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics C085 with a grade of C or better.
*Applications of the definite integral, transcendental
functions, properties and applications, techniques of
integration, improper integrals, polar coordinates, convergence
of sequences and series.

**H090. Honors-College Mathematics (3 s.h.) (QA) FS**

Honors section of Mathematics C055.

**H091. Honors-Elements of Mathematical Thought (QB) (3
s.h.)**

Honors section of Mathematics C065.

**H095-H096. Honors Calculus I-II (4 s.h. each) (QB/D4)
FS**

Honors section of Mathematics C085-C086.

UPPER LEVEL

**W115. Mathematical Recreations (3 s.h.) (D4) F**

A survey of various mathematical recreations, puzzles, and games.
Emphasis on developing problem-solving techniques many of which
are applicable in other fields.

**0117. Elementary Calculus with Applications III (4
s.h.) (D4) F**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0076 or 0086 with a grade C or
better,or equivalent. *

Mathematics 0117 is an intuitive treatment of Calculus with an
emphasis on applications rather than theory. Topics include;
vectors in three dimensional space, vector valued functions,
partial derivatives, multiple integrals, and an introduction to
vector analysis.

**0127. Calculus III. (4 s.h.) (D4) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics C086. *

Power series, vectors in two or three dimensions, lines and
planes in space, parametric equations, vector functions and their
derivatives. Functions of several variables, partial derivatives,
multiple integrals, line integrals and Green's Theorem, infinite
series and Taylor's Theorem, indeterminate forms.

**W141. Basic Mathematical Concepts (3 s.h.) FS**

*Mathematics 0127 may be taken concurrently. *

Sets, relations, functions, logic, ordered fields, induction,
cardinality. Only one of the following courses may be credited
toward the B.A. degree: Mathematics W141; CIS 0066.

**0147. Linear Algebra (3-4 s.h.) FS**

*Prerequisite: One year of calculus or permission of
instructor. *

Vectors and vector spaces, matrices, determinants, systems of
linear equations, linear transformations, inner products, and
eigenvalues. In sections with 4 credits there is a required lab,
where a computing lab is used to demonstrate topics and provide
hands-on experience with the ideas encountered. Activities
designed to promote understanding are the primary focus. Sections
without the lab must be taken for 3 credits.

**0195. Honors in Mathematical Recreations (3 s.h.) (D4)
F**

Honors section of Mathematics W115.

**0203. Theory of Numbers (3 s.h.) F**

*Prerequisite: One year of calculus or permission of
instructor.
*Divisibility properties of integers, prime factorization,
distribution of primes, linear and quadratic congruences,
primitive roots, quadratic residues, quadratic reciprocity,
simple Diophantine equations.

**W205. Modern Algebra (3 s.h.) S**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics W141 and 0147 or permission of
instructor.*

Introduction to the theory of groups, rings, and fields.

**0227. Mathematical Computer Programming I (3 s.h.) F**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0117 or 0127, Mathematics 0147, and
CIS C059 or the equivalent.*

Mathematical techniques and algorithms which lend themselves to
computer implementation and which form a basic repertoire for the
mathematician, scientist, or engineer. Extensive computer
utilization.

**0230. Probability for Applied Sciences (3 s.h.) S**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0117 or 0127 or permission of
instructor.*

The axiomatic definition of probability and its properties,
combinatorial analysis, random variables, general properties of
continuous random variables, normal and exponential
distributions, expected values, Markov chains, Law of Large
Numbers, Chebyshev's inequality, and stochastic processes. The
emphasis is on the use of probability in solving problems rather
than detailed development of the theory.

**0233. Introduction to Probability Theory (3 s.h.) FS**

*Prerequisite: Math 0127 or its equivalent. *

Counting techniques, axiomatic definition of probability,
conditional probability, independence of events, Bayes Theorem,
random variables, discrete and continuous probability
distributions, expected values, moments and moment generating
functions, joint probability distributions, functions of random
variables, covariance and correlation.

**0234. Introduction to Mathematical Statistics (3 s.h.)
S**

*Prerequisite: Math 0233 or equivalent.*

Random sampling, sampling distributions, t, chi-squared and F
distributions, unbiasedness, minimum variance unbiased
estimators, confidence intervals, tests of hypothesis,
Neyman-Pearson Lemma, uniformly most powerful tests.

**0247. Advanced Calculus I (3 s.h.) F**

*Prerequisites: Math 0127, Math W141, and 0147*.

The study of the topology of n-dimensional space; functions,
sequences, continuity and uniform continuity on n-dimensional
space; differentiation of functions of one and several variables,
Taylor's theorem and extremal problems; integration of functions
of one and several variables.

**0248. Advanced Calculus II (3 s.h.) S**

*Prerequisite: Math 0247.*

Uniform convergence, differentiation of transformations, inverse
of transformations, functional dependence, transformations of
multiple integrals, integrals over curves and surfaces, theorems
of Green, Gauss and Stokes, the divergence theorem, extremal
problems with constraints.

**0251. Differential Equations I (3-4 s.h.) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0127 or the equivalent. *

In sections with 4 credits, there is a required computer
laboratory, which is used to demonstrate numerical procedures for
solving differential equations, to study graphs of families of
solutions of differential equations and phase place analysis. The
laboratory also introduces the solution of differential equations
by automatic manipulation. Sections without the laboratory must
be taken for 3 credits.

**0252. Differential Equations II (3 s.h.) S99 and
alternate S**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0251.*

Orthogonal polynomials including Legendre and Tchebycheff
polynomials, Fourier series, partial differential equations,
boundary value problems, the phase plane, stability, Liapunov's
method, eigenvalue problems, and introduction to functions of a
complex variable.

**0253. Numerical Analysis I (3-4 s.h.) FS**

*Prerequisite: Three terms of calculus, linear algebra, and
basic knowledge of a high level programming language like
FORTRAN, C, or PASCAL. *

Computer arithmetic, pitfalls of computation, iterative methods
for the solution of a single nonlinear equation, interpolation,
least squares, numerical differentiation, numerical integration,
and solutions of linear systems by direct and iterative methods.
In sections with 4 credits there is a required lab, where a
computing lab is used to demonstrate topics and provide hands-on
experience with the ideas encountered. Activities designed to
promote understanding are the primary focus. Sections without the
laboratory must be taken for 3 credits.

**0254. Numerical Analysis II (3 s.h.) S99 and alternate
S**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0253. *

Solution of systems of nonlinear equations, solution of initial
value problems, matrix norms and the analysis of iterative
solutions, numerical solution of boundary value problems and
partial differential equations, and introduction to the finite
element method.

**0271. Modern Geometry I (3 s.h.) F**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0147.*

A study of the properties of projective, affine, Euclidean and
non-Euclidean spaces and their transformation groups.

**0295-0296. Independent Study (2 s.h. each) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0127, 0147, and 0247. Open to
juniors and seniors who desire two credits of independent study.*

Primarily for members of the problem solving group who desire to
receive credit for their work.

**0297-0298. Junior Individual Study (3 s.h. each) FS**

*Prerequisite: Approval of the department adviser and the
instructor. *

Intensive study in a specific area. Either semester may be taken.

**0347. Introduction to Functions of a Complex Variable
(3 s.h.) F**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0247 and 0248 or permission of
instructor. *

Complex numbers, analytic functions. Cauchy's theorem, residues,
power series, Laurent series, conformal mappings.

**0350. Applied Mathematics (3 s.h.) F98 and alternate F
**

The construction and study of mathematical models for physical, economic, and social processes.

**0351. Partial Differential Equations (3 s.h.) S98 and
alternate S**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0247 and 0251. *

The solution and properties of first and second order equations;
heat and wave equation. Elliptic boundary value problems and
Green's functions. Hyperbolic problems and the theory of
characteristics. Finite difference methods. The equations of
mathematical physics.

**0355. Operations Research (3 s.h.) S**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0147 and 0233. *

The theory and applications of various topics, including linear
and dynamic programming; game theory; transportation, assignment,
and network problems; inventory problems; scheduling and queueing
problems.

**W363. Senior Problem Solving (3 s.h.) S**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics W141, 0147, and 0247 or permission
of instructor. (It is strongly recommended that students take
Mathematics W205 and 0251 before taking this course.) (Capstone W
course)*

Miscellaneous problems in mathematics and its applications.
Possible sources include challenging problems from previous math
courses, Math Monthly problems, Putnam exams, and computer
applications. Problems will be solved both individually and in
groups.

**0365. Topology I (3 s.h.) S98 and alternate S**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0247 and 0248.*

Topological and metric spaces, continuity, compactness,
connectedness, convergence. Introduction to algebraic and
combinatorial topology, classification of compact surfaces,
fundamental groups.

**0382. Combiniatorics (3 s.h.) F99 and alternate F**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0127 and 0147. *

Basic theorems and applications of combinatorial analysis,
including generating functions, difference equations, Polya's
theory of counting, graph theory, matching, and block diagrams.

**0395. Independent Study (2 s.h.) FS**

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0127, 0147, and 0247. Open to
juniors and seniors who desire two credits of independent study.*

Primarily for members of the problem solving group who desire to
receive credit for their work.

**0397-0398. Senior Individual Study (3 s.h.) FS**

*Prerequisite: Approval of the departmental adviser and
instructor. Open to seniors only.*

Return to the list of courses.

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