Undergraduate Bulletin 1996-1998

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Course Descriptions

01825/Greek and Roman Classics

The department offers two types of courses. (a) Classics courses deal with various aspects of Greek and Roman life and literature. No reading of Greek or Latin texts in the original is required, and no knowledge of Latin or Greek is presumed. (b) Courses in Latin and Greek in which the student acquires the basic skills necessary to read texts in the original and, at the more advanced levels, reads extensively in the texts of major authors.



C071. Greek Drama (3 s.h.) (AR) 96-98

Introduction to literature and performing arts of Ancient Greece: theater, rituals, athletic contests, political debates, architecture, and city planning.

C077. Introduction to the Ancient City (3 s.h.) (IS) 96-98

Introduction to the people, urban forms, and urban institutions of the ancient Greco-Roman world. Readings from translations of primary materials and from modern authors will survey such cities as Corinth, Pergamon, and Ostia. Audio-visual enhancement.


0251. Classical Mythology (3 s.h.) (D1) F SS

A survey of the gods, heroes, and governing concepts of Greek and Roman mythology with close attention to their importance in ancient society, religion, and culture; to the ways in which myths are treated by the major ancient authors; to the survival of mythic archetypes in the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and modern world. Audiovisual materials used. Students encouraged to write.

0252. Comparative Mythology (3 s.h.) S98 and alternate S

Materials from a variety of cultures will show how human beings deal with the creation of the universe and mankind, the definition of the hero, order in the cosmos, and eschatology.

0260. Greek Literature in Translation (3 s.h.) (D1) FS

Readings in English, from Homer through later Greek literature, with emphasis on the Homeric epic and on fifth-century tragedy and comedy.

0261. Topics in Classical Culture (3 s.h.) FS

Topics from classical antiquity which are of general and current interest based on reading Greek and Roman texts in translation. Lectures, audiovisual presentations, and large and small group work used to explore the significance of the texts.

W263. The Ancient City (3 s.h.) FS

Course focuses on one of four cities: Periclean Athens, Hellenistic Alexandria, Augustan Rome, or Jerusalem. Readings form a basis for lecture, discussion, and writing about ways in which philosophy of society manifests itself in urban forms and institutions. In these cities ecumenism and individual ambition create tension between tradition and change. New minority voices revitalize culture.

0381. Independent Study (3 s.h.) FS


NOTE: Students with two or more years of a foreign language in high school do not receive credit for the first semester of the beginning course in that language.

Any student taking Latin or Greek at any level for the first time should consult the Classics Department for more detailed information. Please note: The Classics Department offers language courses in classical Latin and Greek only. For modern Greek, see Critical Languages. The basic course descriptions for the three levels of Latin and Greek are as follows: Elements: General introduction to grammar and to the subsidiary skills needed to read Greek and Latin texts; the goal is to begin reading the works of important authors as soon as possible. Intermediate: Continued reading of texts to increase speed and efficiency. In Latin: both prose (e.g., Cicero) and poetry (e.g., Vergil). In Greek: both prose (e.g., Herodotus) and poetry (normally Homer's Odyssey). Readings accompanied by systematic review and analysis of syntax, especially the syntactic patterns of units larger than the clause. Readings: Extensive readings from a selection of major authors which varies from year to year.

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0151-0052. Elements I-II (4 s.h. each) (LA) (D4) FS

Beginning courses in Latin, with basic grammar and readings.

C061-0062. Intermediate I-II (3 s.h. each) (LB) (D4) FS

Prerequisite: Latin 0052 or permission of the instructor. Readings in Latin prose and poetry.


W101-102. Readings in Latin Literature I-II (3 s.h. each) (D1) FS

Prerequisite: Latin 0062 or permission of the instructor.

0123. Prose Composition (3 s.h.) 96-98

An introduction to Latin prose style by composition of short passages and close study of the style of important Latin authors.

0380-0381-0382. Independent Study (2, 3, 4 s.h., respectively) FS

Prerequisite: Latin 0062 or permission of the instructor. Concentrated work at an advanced level on a topic chosen by student and teacher. Weekly tutorial sessions.

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0051-0052. Elements I-II (4 s.h. each) (LA) (D4) FS

Beginning courses in Ancient Greek with basic grammar and readings.

C061-0062. Intermediate I-II (3 s.h. each) (LB) (D4) FS

Prerequisite: Greek 0052 or permission of the instructor. Readings in Ancient Greek prose and poetry.


W101-102. Readings in Greek Literature I-II (3 s.h. each) (D1) FS

Prerequisite: Greek 0062 or permission of the instructor. All language courses listed are ancient Greek only. For modern Greek see Critical Languages.

0380-0381-0382. Independent Study (2, 3, 4 s.h., respectively) FS

Prerequisite: Greek 0062 or permission of the instructor. Concentrated work at an advanced level on a topic chosen by student and teacher. Weekly tutorial sessions.

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0051. Beginners' Hebrew I (4 s.h.) (LA) (D4) FS

Cultivation of the ability to read, write, and speak the language. Study of a basic vocabulary and fundamental rules of grammar. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0001.)

0052. Beginners' Hebrew II (4 s.h.) (LA) (D4) FS

Continuation of Hebrew I with emphasis on conversation and composition. Reading of easy vocalized literature and reports. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0002.)

C061-0062. Intermediate I-II (3 s.h. each) (LB) C061 (D4) F/0062 S

Reading of moderately difficult Hebrew texts with discussion in Hebrew. Introduction to nonvocalized literature. Principles of vocalization and the irregular verb in all its conjugations. Laboratory work emphasizes the retelling of literature. NOTE: Hebrew 0062 is not included as a distribution course in the formal studies category. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0003, 0004.)

0071. Biblical Hebrew I (4 s.h.) F

(Formerly 101.) This course provides an opportunity to learn the fundamentals of the Hebrew language, the grammar, a working vocabulary to gain knowledge of selections from the Pentateuch, Psalms and Prophets, and discipline in the use of Lexica commentaries. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0101.)

0073. Biblical Readings-Torah (4 s.h.) (D1) F

(Formerly 103.) Selections from the Pentateuch will be read and interpreted by traditional interpreters as well as modern commentators. Methodology of reading the Bible will be taught, and the historical background will be explored. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0102.)


0121. Modern Readings I (3 s.h.) 96-98

Selections of unvocalized, unedited texts. A dual approach emphasizing literary and linguistic qualities of the text. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0202.)

0122. Bible-Prose and Poetry I (3 s.h.) F

Narrative and poetic portions of the literature of the Old Testament in the original Hebrew. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0301.)

0236. Israel Today (3 s.h.) S

Law geography, education, religion, politics, Eastern and Western communities, and culture examined by experts in three fields. This course will be offered in English. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0232.)

0242. Myth, Legend and Folktale (3 s.h.) S

The course will cover a selection of 3000 years of Hebrew legend and folktales. Two sources will be used. The first is stories that are included in the Bible, Mishnah, Talmud, and collections of stories. The second source is a collection of oral stories published by the Israel Institute for Folklore. Themes and literary devices will be analyzed, and the use of allegory, fable, and symbol will be explored. Stories and motifs will be compared to the international classification of motifs by A. Tompson. References will be made to the social and religious functions of the legend. This course will be conducted in English. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0302.)

0244. Israel between War and Peace (1947-1987)-Reflections in Literature (3 s.h.) F

Israel's society and individuals are shaped by the four major wars since 1947 and small guerilla wars that never cease. The tension between being in a constant war, and the deep yearning for peace creates interesting and problematic literature, portraying the heroes of war and the anti-heroes who object to any war. It moves from despair to hope and explores the justifications of Israel's being. Special attention will be paid to recurring metaphors and symbols, and the creation of new styles and language to express this struggle. Selections will include works by: Y. Amichai, A. Oz, A.B. Yeoshua, D. Rabikowitz, and D. Pagis. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0304.)

0245. Israelis and Arabs in Modern Hebrew Literature (3 s.h.) (D1) F

The four phases of the relationship between Israelis and Arabs as reflected in Israeli literature will be examined. The first phase is the romantic, erotic phase exemplified by the works of Smilansky. The second phase is the moral phase, which will be illustrated by the works of S. Izhar. The third phase is the realistic phase. The fourth is the most problematic one as it reflects the guilt feelings, hatred, fear, and confusion of this period. Offered in English.

0246. Crisis in Modern Hebrew Literature (3 s.h.) (D1) F

Selected readings from modern Hebrew writers (Brenner, Genessin, Barash, Berkowitz) who reflect the uprootedness of the Jew and his encounter with the values of the New World. Offered in English.

0248. Jewish Humor-Past and Present (3 s.h.) (D1) S

The development of Jewish humor from the medieval ages through the Enlightenment through modern Israel. Focuses on the different literary forms of wit and humor. Representative works and authors are Ibn Zabara, Book of Delight; Perl, The Discovery of Secrets; and a Sholom Aleichem selection. Concludes with selections from Kishon, Ben-Amotz (Israel), Woody Allen, Sam Levenson, and Nadir (U.S.) This course will be conducted in English. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0233.)

W279. Literature and Art of the Holocaust (in Translation) (3 s.h.) (D1) 96-98

One of the main assumptions of the course is that the Holocaust, which was considered to be a Jewish catastrophe, is humanity's catastrophe and affirmation of the bankruptcy and failing of Western civilization. The literature of the Holocaust transmits the horrors and terrors in concentration camps, on the trains, and in the snowy fields. The course will be conducted in English. Capstone course. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0231.)

0310. History of the Hebrew Language (2 s.h.) 96-98

Selected readings from representative Hebrew sources showing the development, growth, and usage of the modern Hebrew language. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0201.)

0352. Humor and Satire in Modern Hebrew Literature: 1800-1960 (3 s.h.) S

Humor and satire (1800-1960) explored through short stories of Y. Erter, Y. Perl, Shalom Aleichem, and A. Meged. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0322.)

0354. Love Themes in Hebrew Literature (3 s.h.) 96-98

The development of the different love themes from the Song of Songs through the golden age of Spain, Hebrew poetry in Italy, the Enlightenment, revival period, and Israeli literature. Among the themes will be great expectations, happiness and unity, and the happy hell of withered love. Changes in style, form, and content will be emphasized and recurring symbols will be discussed. A special place in the course will be devoted to love poetry written by women. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0312.)

0368. Development of Modern Short Story (3 s.h.) (D1) F

A systematic analysis of the elements of the short story and its development from the organized "traditional" short story to the disorganized "modern" short story. Among selections, stories by Y. Steinberg, Brenner, Bialik, and D. Frishman.

0379. Holocaust and Resistance (3 s.h.) 96-98

Selections from the literature of the Holocaust and resistance during the Second World War. Through the selections, the class will explore life and death on another planet where logic is nonexistent and where terror, disbelief, and loss of faith are dominant. An attempt will be made to reveal the challenge of portraying the experiences of the Holocaust.

0389-0399. Independent Study (3 s.h. each) FS

Prerequisite: Permission of department chairman. Intensive study under individual guidance in a specific area suggested by the student and approved by the department adviser.

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01820/Intellectual Heritage Program


X051. Intellectual Heritage I (3 s.h.) FS

Prerequisite: Completion of all ELECT and Composition requirements. The first course in a required two-course sequence. Close reading and discussion of a common syllabus reflecting values and seminal ideas explored through primary texts and documents in literature, philosophy, religion, and science, from ancient times to the Renaissance.

X052. Intellectual Heritage II (3 s.h.) FS

Prerequisite: Completion of all ELECT and Composition requirements and IH X051. Second course in IH X051-X052 sequence. Close reading and discussion of a common syllabus reflecting values and seminal ideas explored through primary texts and documents in literature, philosophy, religion, and science, from the Enlightenment to the present.

X091. Intellectual Heritage I Honors (3 s.h.) FS

X092. Intellectual Heritage II Honors (3 s.h.) FS

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0051. Elements I (4 s.h.) (LA) (D4) FS

Introduction to the use of Italian as a spoken language. Fundamentals of grammar. Basic patterns of oral communication and writing, acquisition of practical survival skills; simple graded readings.

0052. Elements II (4 s.h.) (LA) (D4) FS

Prerequisite: Italian 0051 or equivalent. A continuation of the activities of Italian 0051. The basics already learned are practiced, and new patterns of oral communication and writing are introduced. Additional fundamentals of grammar; graded cultural readings.

C061. Intermediate I (3 s.h.) (D4) FS

Prerequisite: Italian 0052 or equivalent. Increasing vocabulary building in conversation and composition. Selected readings in modern prose. Extensive grammar review.

0062. Intermediate II (3 s.h.) (D4) FS

Prerequisite: Italian C061 or equivalent. Continued grammar review. Selected readings in modern prose and poetry. Stress on competence in vocabulary, fluency, useful sentence structures.


W133. Composition and Conversation (3 s.h.) (D4) S

Intensive work on skills required for speaking and writing. Stress placed on vocabulary, phonetics, sentence patterns; grammar review when needed. At the end of the course, students should be able to express themselves easily in conversational situations and in basic narrative prose.

0195. Independent Study (4 s.h.) FS

Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and department. By special arrangement.

0220. Italian Culture and Civilization (3 s.h.) 96-98

Prerequisite: Italian 0062 or equivalent. Depending on the expertise(s) of the teacher and the interests of the students, this multi-disciplinary course will cover major historical and cultural periods and phenomena. Examples: the emergence of Italian language and dialects: medieval, Renaissance, and baroque art and architecture; folk literature and music; opera; the history of the Risorgimento and the Unification; women and feminism; modern Italian culture and politics; cinema.

0223. Introduction to Italian Literature I (3 s.h.) F

Reading and discussion of representative works of Italian literature from the origins through the Renaissance. The course will cover such authors as Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Machiavelli, Ariosto.

0224. Introduction to Literature II (3 s.h.) S

Reading and discussion of representative works of Italian Literature from the Renaissance to modern times. The course will cover such authors as Marino, Metastasio, Alfieri, Goldoni, Leopardi, Manzoni, Ungaretti, Saba, Montale.

0250. Advanced Grammar (3 s.h.) 96-98

This course has been designed to develop writing skills in Italian gradually and consistently, building on skills already acquired in lower level courses. (Capstone W course).

0301. Modern Italian Prose (3 s.h.) 96-98

A study of the major literary movements of the twentieth century. The course will cover authors such as Svevo, Pirandello, Moravia, Pavese, Vittorini.

0304. Italian Poetry (3 s.h.) 96-98

A study of major figures and movements in the history of Italian poetry. According to the expertise(s) of the teacher and interests of the students, the following might be covered: medieval and Renaissance schools of poetry, Dante, Petrarch, Poliziano, Bembo, Michelangelo, Gaspara Stampa, and/or other women Renaissance poets; the baroque, Foscolo, Leopardi, Pascoli, Carducci, D'Annunzi, I crepuscolari, Futurism, Ungarett, Montale, Quasimodo, neorealism, avant-garde, and experimental movements of the post-World War II period, Zanzotto, Luzi, etc.

0307. Italian Realism and Neo-Realism (3 s.h.) 96-98

A study of Italian "verismo" and "neo-realismo"-literary movements and writers from Verga to the present.

0345. Dante and the Middle Ages (3 s.h.) F96

A study of Dante in the context of the medieval world. A selection from The Inferno.

0395. Special Topics (3 s.h.) FS

Group study; permission of department required.

0352. Studies in the Renaissance (3 s.h.) 96-98

The course will focus on Leonardo da Vinci's notebooks, sketches, paintings, and city planning; Michaelangelo's letters, poems, painting, sculpture, and architecture; and the poetesses del Cinquencento, especially Gaspara Stampa. Related studies upon need.

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01849/Latin American Studies

Latin American Studies Semester (LASS) S

A total immersion program (15 credits) in Spanish and Latin American Studies including a trip to Latin America during the spring break. For more information, contact the Latin American Studies Center, Anderson Hall, Room 411 (215-204-7527).

C050. Perspectives of Latin America (3 s.h.) (IS) FS

Examines essential characteristics and values of Latin American societies, including class and ethnic matters, religious traditions, intellectual life (art, music, and literature), and social change. Meets International Studies Core Curriculum requirement. One section fulfills the Studies in Race requirement.


0100. Latin America Through Film and Fiction (3 s.h.) S

Economic and political change; role of institutional forces including the military and church. Cultural and intellectual traditions and trends, past and present. Multi-media approach. Given in Spanish as part of the LASS program (see above).

0129. Politics of Development in Latin America (3 s.h.) FS

An examination of Latin America's struggle for economic development, one of the most important human dramas of the 20th century. Emphasis on the relationships that have prevailed over the last few decades between developmental theories and the everyday lives of Latin American peoples. Discussion of the political and ideological questions involved in Latin American development. Exploration of how Latin American developmental issues affect the United States through matters such as job relocations and trade pacts.

0130. Democracy in Latin America (3 s.h.) 96-98

An examination of the structure and culture of Latin American democracies organized around three major themes: (1) a discussion of theories of democracy; (2) the formation and development of democratic institutions in Latin America; and (3) the political culture of Latin American democracy. Uses a social problems approach to look at two controversial Latin American issues since the late 1960's: the tension between adopting a procedural vs. a substantive definition of democracy, and the emphasis on political vs. socioeconomic factors in explaining democratization.

0145. Other Voices: Black, Native Peoples, and Women in Latin American Literature (3 s.h.) S

The literature of Latin America includes many works which are not part of the canon. Often these are writings of the oppressed: persons of color, women, indigenous peoples. The texts such authors produce are often not considered as deserving of literary attention or as having artistic merit. By giving attention to these writers, we can analyze their viewpoints on Latin American society, history, and culture, comparing their vision as outsiders with that of the official version.

0160. Environmental Issues in Latin America: A Social Problems Perspective (3 s.h.) 96-98

Examination of the complex interrelationship between social problems and environmental degradation in Latin America. Consideration of the relationship between poverty and the destruction of the environment. Emphasis upon three topics: (1) the impact of human activity and resource utilization on the Latin American environment; (2) the role of political and economic factors in generating the Latin American environmental crisis; and (3) the interaction between development priorities and environmental protection.

0167. Gender and Society in Latin America (3 s.h.) 96-98

An interdisciplinary examination of the nature of gender relations and women's subordination in Latin America with a focus on contemporary societies. Issues discussed include: the impact of family and kinship relations on women's participation in both urban and rural labor markets and informal economies; ideologies of gender subordination; cultural expression in the writings of Latin American women as agents of history and ideology; the significance of gender-based politics and movements; and the impact of both national and grassroots development efforts on the status and identity of women.

0170. Historical Continuity and Social Change in Latin America (3 s.h.) F

Overview of Latin American history from a social change/social problems perspective. Some of the historical themes addressed include: social inequality and unequal exchange, cultural domination and resistance, racial minorities and indigenism, the role of women in Latin American societies, political imposition and democracy, and national independence.

0189. Indians and the Nation-State in Latin America (3 s.h.) S

An examination of the lived experiences of contemporary Indians struggling for human dignity in the lowest strata of Latin American class structures. A focus from an indigenous point of view upon issues such as land rights, environmental health, and political and economic self-determination.

W315. Latin American Studies Seminar (3 s.h.) 96-98

A multidisciplinary course open to Latin American Certificate candidates and juniors, seniors, and graduate students. Uses seminar format to prepare and discuss individual student research projects on Latin America.

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Linguistics is an interdepartmental program. Courses are offered as follows:


Language and Race: English R110 (3 s.h.) 96-98

This course will investigate language and race in order to evaluate accurately and objectively many common beliefs about the connection between the two. We will demonstrate how all languages systematically organize sounds, grammar, and meanings, with a special emphasis on the structure of African American English. We will investigate how particular ways of speaking may or may not affect one's thought patterns or social identity, and study public policy issues involving language and race.

General Introductory Linguistics: English 0111 (FS) and Speech-Language-Hearing 0108 (F). Introduction to Linguistics (3 s.h.) (D4)

Consideration of the nature and structure of human language, what the universal properties of language are, how languages differ from and resemble each other, how children learn languages, how sound and meaning are related to each other, and how geographic and social factors affect language. Attention to the scientific methods linguists use to test hypotheses about these questions. Only one of Communication Sciences 0108 and English 0111 may be credited toward the B.A. degree.

English Syntax and Linguistic Theory: English 0211. Intermediate Linguistics (3 s.h.) (D4) S

(Formerly 0208.) English speakers do not make statements such as, "The boots that he died with on were made of cowhide," even though the sentence makes sense. In this course, English syntax is examined in order to reveal how the structure of the language works and explain facts like this. Included are some psychological and philosophical issues in linguistic theory. No previous courses in linguistics are required. (Capstone W course)

Phonology and Linguistic Theory:

Communication Sciences 0209. Phonetics

and Phonology (3 s.h.)

(Formerly 108.) Prerequisite: Communication Sciences 0108, English 0111, or equivalent. An investigation of sound structure in language from the viewpoint of generative phonology. Extensive analysis and discussion of data from various languages including major issues dividing the generative from the structuralist school in phonological theory.

Elective courses in linguistics and in related areas are offered under the following department numbers. Please see the indicated departments for descriptions and semesters offered: Anthropology 0127, 0182, 0240, and 0404; Computer and Information Sciences 0061, 0062, and 0272; English 0154, 0216, 0233, and 0310; Philosophy C066, 0211, 0212, and 0251; Psychology 0108 and 0131; Spanish 0330, 0331, 0332, 0333, and 0334; Speech Communication 0106, 0233, 0301, and 0410; Linguistics 0308-0310.

Independent Study in Linguistics (2-3 s.h., respectively) FS

Students investigate topics in linguistics of interest to them, following a course of study that they and their instructor have agreed upon.

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