Undergraduate Bulletin 1996-1998

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Course Descriptions



C060. Third World History (3 s.h.) (IS/D3) FS

This course introduces the main events, themes and issues of third world history; its emphasis is comparative and theoretical. Special importance is given to subjects such as colonialism, imperialism, and the global economic system, and more generally to the creation of new states and resistance of third world people. The student gains a familiarity with the role played by race, class, and gender in modern history. The required readings introduce a range of authors with particular emphasis being placed on those from the third world.

C063. War and Society (3 s.h.) FS

A thematic introduction to the history of modern warfare, diplomacy, and organized international conflict. Building on both classical and twentieth-century case studies, the course will focus on such specific topics as the nature of peace in history; military institutions and civil-military relations; the origins of war; the role of intelligence; deterrence and "crisis management"; general and limited war; and war termination.

C065. Gender and History (3 s.h.) S

A thematic introduction to the history of feminine and masculine roles from a comparative international perspective. The course will focus on topics such as The State, The Sacred, The Family, The Body, Work, and Modern Social Movements, using case studies from Ancient Greece or Rome, Medieval Europe, Africa, China, Japan Modern Europe, and the Americas.

C066. History of Modern Europe (3 s.h.) (IS/D3) FS

(Formerly 107.) Survey of 18th, 19th, and 20th century Europe. The major developments-the industrial revolution, nationalism, imperialism, war and revolution, modern science, and philosophy-which determined the nature of the present European world.

C067. History of the United States to 1877 (3 s.h.) (AC/D3) FS

Not open to students who have taken History 111. A survey from the discovery of the New World to the end of the Civil War era. The origin of the American political system; the rise of individualism, democracy, and American nationalism; westward expansion; slavery and secession; the Civil War and reconstruction of the Union.

C068. History of the United States since 1877 (3 s.h.) (AC/D3) FS

Not open to students who have taken History 112. A survey from Reconstruction to the present. The impact of industrialism, urbanization, and immigration on America; populism, progressivism, the New Deal, and American reform tradition; the creation of an American empire; World War I and II; the cold war and Vietnam; movements of the Right and Left; contemporary America.

H095. Gender and History: Honors (3 s.h.) F

Honors section of C065. Enrollment limited to honors students.

H096. History of Modern Europe: Honors (3 s.h.) S

Honors section of C066. Enrollment limited to Honors students.

H098. History of the United States since 1877 (3 s.h.) F

Honors section of C068. Enrollment limited to Honors students.


X093. Introduction to World History: Ancient (3 s.h.) F

Mankind from origins to the 15th century. First unit covers the emergence of the first humans and early cultures. Second unit analyzes the rise of cities in seven primary locations around the globe. Third unit examines the Chinese, Roman, and Indian empires and the trade routes which linked them. Fourth unit examines world religions with the focus on Islam, 622 to 1600. Lectures, discussions, films, and slides.

X094. Introduction to World History: Modern (3 s.h.) S

An introduction to the historiography and key issues in changes in demography, including population growth, spread, and migration (including slavery). Political and industrial revolution in the West and its special and diverse experience in the colonial world; social change in the family and in sex roles; new technology and its uses.

R101. Race and Ethnicity in American History (3 s.h.) S

A chronological and thematic overview of the role which race and ethnicity have played in the development of the United States. The course focuses on such topics as the encounter between Native Americans and European settlers; the origins of slavery; Irish immigration and nativism; the end of slavery and the beginnings of segregation; scientific racism; Asian exclusion; immigration restriction; anti-Semitism; race, ethnicity, and world war; civil rights; today's immigrants; the future of race.

0102. Sex Roles in America (3 s.h.) S

The course focuses on the social, cultural, and political dimensions of the public and private roles of men and women in the United States from the colonial period to the present. It explores changing cultural values and social norms of masculinity and femininity in the family, at work, and in American institutional life.

0103. World Economy Since 1945 (3 s.h.) F

The world economy has become dramatically more important in our everyday lives. How this has happened and what this may lead to form the basic subject matter of the course. Among the topics to be considered are the role of the United States in world economy; the economic underpinnings of the Soviet system and its collapse; the emergence of the European Community, Japan, and other economic power centers; issues of development and underdevelopment in the third world; the rise of multinational corporations; technology and its impact on job markets; trade agreements like NAFTA and GATT; and the impact of economic globalization on our future.

W105. The Birth of Europe (3 s.h.) F

A study of how three cultures-Roman, Christian, and "barbarian"-came together to create medieval civilization. The course covers from the third through the eleventh centuries, covering the growth of social and political institutions, religion, economy, and daily life. Western Europe is considered in the context of its contemporary societies.

0106. Medieval Europe (3 s.h.) S

Western Europe from the 12th through 15th centuries, an era of great change: social (the transformation of serfdom, the emergence of a middle class), economic (the commercial revolution, the growth of towns), political (the nation-state), and cultural (several Renaissances, the advent of printing). Focus on medieval origins of later developments: nationalism, Protestantism, capitalism, European expansion.

0109. The History of England (3 s.h.) F

General survey of English history, from Anglo-Saxons to present. To provide background for American history and English literature courses and an introduction to more advanced courses in English history. Equal consideration given to social and cultural developments and traditional political and constitutional aspects.

0110. History of Russia (3 s.h.) S

An introductory survey course in Russian History from 1600 to the present.

0115. Introduction to East Asia: China (3 s.h.) F

Within the context of larger processes of socioeconomic and cultural change, this course examines the development of characteristic institutions and thought in traditional China and revolutionary transformation in the modern era. This approach is designed to provide the student with a basic understanding of state, society, and culture in China, the major themes of Chinese history, and more generally, broad processes of social change. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0115.)

0116. Introduction to East Asia: Japan (3 s.h.) F

A survey of Japanese history in the 20th century. Topics include the early centralized state, the rise of aristocratic culture, the emergence of the warrior class, and the modern transformation into an urban, industrial state. Course materials include selections from Japanese literature and films. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0116.)

0120. European Revolution and Napoleonic Era (3 s.h.) F

Beginning with the Enlightenment, this course will provide a multi-faceted approach to the ideas and events leading to the French Revolution of 1789. The Revolution (1789-1794) will be discussed using historians who emphasize social and cultural, as well as political, interpretations of the revolutionary period. The course will also consider Napoleon Bonaparte's political and institutional contributions to France and Europe during the first empire, 1804-1815.

0121. Europe in the 19th Century (3 s.h.) S

Europe from the fall of Napoleon to the fall of Bismark. Among the topics to be discussed will be the liberal revolutions of 1848; the unification of Italy and Germany; the modernization of Russia; and the emergence of Britain as an imperial power.

0122. Europe in the Age of World War I (3 s.h.) F

Europe from the decade of imperialism, when it dominated the world, until the Great Depression (1890-1930), when its influence had declined. The major issues like militarism, international socialism, the origins of the first world war and the post war settlements, commercial rivalries, and the communist revolution will be considered in depth.

0123. Europe in the Age of World War II (3 s.h.) S

The final period of European primacy from 1929 to 1945. The Great Depression; the "iron age" of dictators; the policy of appeasement; the course and outcome of World War II; the cold war; and the division of Europe.

0128. Modern European Military History (3 s.h.) S

Military institutions from ancient and feudal origins to the industrial present; philosophy, doctrines, and technology; emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries. The development of navies, aerial warfare, missile and atomic warfare, and guerrilla warfare will be considered.

0131. Social Economic History-Modern Europe I (3 s.h.) F

Survey of the development of the European economy and its transformation from a pre-industrial to a modern industrial society. Emphasis on the rise of the major national economies (early-comers-England and France-vs. late-comers-Germany, Italy, and Russia) and growth and diffusion of industry. Course stresses long-run factors in economic growth; widening economic inequality among nations and shifting distribution of income and wealth.

0134. European Intellectual History (3 s.h.) F

A study of the main idea sets which have evolved in the European west, including the United States and Russia, from the eighteenth century to the present; their relationship to the changing socio-economic order; and their role in shaping the modern world. Classwork will combine lectures with discussions of sources and commentaries. There will be two examinations and several options for an independent project.

0140. Women in Modern European History (3 s.h.) S

This course will address the history of women in European society from the 18th century to the contemporary period. Some emphasis will be on the social history of women in England and France where the most important changes have taken place in women's status and role. But the course will also focus on the role of women in other European countries with particular attention to Germany and Russia. Autobiographies, literature, and secondary texts will provide supporting material to trace the socio-economic and political role of women during different historical periods.

0141. Irish History (3 s.h.) F

Offered on both the Dublin and Philadelphia campuses. In Philadelphia: Irish and Irish-American culture, society, religion, and problems associated with minority status and oppression. Also Irish-American stereotypes, particularly concerning family, women, and related issues; Irish-American consciousness and American support in Northern Ireland (Noraid, the I.R.A., U.D.A., etc.). In Dublin, Irish history from the Medieval to Modern period.

0146. Elizabeth to Anne (3 s.h.) S

Historic England and the development of commercialization. Discussion on the personalities of the era with special attention being paid to women, changing sex-roles, and their relationship to the political and social revolutions. Attention will also be paid to the development of the military, diplomatic relations (particularly with Ireland) and the foundations of the world's largest empire.

0147. Historic Britain, Eighteenth Century (3 s.h.) S

Historic Britain before industrialization. Comparisons made between English developments and those of America, Ireland, and France. Special attention to the development of the modern family and related issues in general and such early feminists as Mary Wollstonecraft in particular. Biographies will also focus upon military leaders as well as questions of war and peace. Local history, historic monuments, and the development of the English style of architecture and taste will receive attention. The course will be of particular value for those seeking historic background for understanding the British Isles.

0148. Victorian Britain (3 s.h.) F

The social and economic transformation of the world's first industrialized state. Crime and punishment, women and the family, militant workers, the Crimean War and its effects, the British in India, Ireland and the Irish, and Victorian sexuality.

0149. Britain in the Age of Churchill (3 s.h.) S

This course will examine various aspects of British history from the late Victorian period to the present day. Emphasis will be on understanding the connection between the evolution of British society and culture, and its changing status as world power.

0152. The Second World War (3 s.h.) F

A survey using the perspective of grand strategy to associate military strategy and national policy; to view military and other events in detail; to assess the impact of major leaders on the war, especially Adolph Hitler, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. Assesses causes and consequences of the war. Internal political and economic history of the major belligerents with emphasis on military events and wartime diplomacy.

0153. Soldiers, Wars, and Societies I (3 s.h.) F

The course will study the relationship between war and society in western civilization from Athenian democracy through the end of the 19th century. Class will focus on the evolution of the nation state, its military institutions, and conflict. Class will involve lectures, discussions, and historical role playing exercises.

0154. Soldiers, Wars, and Societies II (3 s.h.) S

The course will study the relationship between war and society in the 20th century from World War I through the end of the Cold War and beyond. It will look at the evolution of the nation state, the international political economy, military institutions, and wars.

0155. Survey of Jewish History (3 s.h.) S

An introduction to the major developments in Jewish history from the destruction of the Second Jewish Commonwealth to the creation of the State of Israel. Topics include the medieval Jewish experience under both Christian and Islamic rule, the growth of Eastern European Jewry, the impact of emancipation, the rise of Zionism, modern anti-Semitism and the Holocaust, and the development of American Jewry. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0121.)

0156. Modern Jewish History (3 s.h.) S

An introduction with emphasis on the modern period. The medieval Jewish experience, process of emancipation, development of modern anti-Semitism, and growth of Zionism. Also, Eastern European Jewry, the Holocaust, the State of Israel, and the American Jewish community.

0158. Topics in Jewish History: Jewish Women in Historical Perspective (3 s.h.) F

The course will trace the history of Jewish women from Biblical times to the present, with an emphasis on the modern period. We shall explore the status and role of women within Jewish society in the ancient world and under medieval Christianity and Islam, and then compare the impact of modernity on Jewish women in Europe, America, and the Middle East. We shall discuss the effects of migration, higher education, socialism, the Holocaust, and feminism on Jewish women's lives. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0332 and Women's Studies 0115.)

0162. Ancient Greece (3 s.h.) S

Survey of Greek peoples from early cultures of the Aegean through Golden Age of Greece and death of Alexander the Great. Literary and archaeological focus stresses the cultural achievements of Greece. Relationships between Near East, Greece, and Rome studied.

0164. History of Rome (3 s.h.) F

The history of the Roman state from its founding to its demise in the west (a span of time of about 1,200 years) will be traced. Emphasis will be placed on the development of the social, political, and religious institutions that allowed a small Italian community on the Tiber river to become the master of the whole Mediterranean basin. There will also be in-depth analyses of both the role of Christianity in the empire and the many theories on the causes of the so-called fall of Rome.

0175. Revolutionary Russia (3 s.h.) F

Developments in the years 1855-1939, the build-up of revolutionary forces in the 1890's to the subsiding of the revolutionary wave in the early 1930's. Topics will include: the formation of professional groups and revolutionary parties, the role of the intelligentsia, workers and peasants, the question of social identities, the revolutions of 1905, February 1917, and October 1917, the Civil War, the new economic policy, collectivization, industrialization, cultural revolution, the influence of Lenin, Stalin, Trotsky, and Bukharin, and the contradictory nature of Russian economic and cultural development.

0176. History of Russian Society (3 s.h.) S

From its emergence as a political state to well into the 20th century, Russia has been a predominantly peasant country. The course will focus on the 80 to 95 percent of the population of the Russian Empire which was not part of the ruling class-primarily peasants, but also members of ethnic minorities-and will examine the enormous impact they have had on Russian history.

0178. Eastern Europe in the 20th Century (3 s.h.) S

A history of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria from the breakup of multinational empires during World War I to the present. The development of nation-states, the rise of Fascism in the thirties, the impact of Communism in the Cold War era.

0188. Rome and Italy: Renaissance to the Present (3 s.h.) S

The decline and fall of the Roman Empire in the west left Italy and Rome shattered, prey for all marauders. Under the leadership of the Popes and Holy Roman Emperors, stability and prosperity returned, and Italy developed the first urban civilization of modern Europe; but wars and foreign domination led to a new period of decline. Yet throughout the modern period Italy and Rome remained centers of important economic, intellectual, and cultural developments. In the 19th century, Italy became a major focus of rising nationalist aspirations.

0198-0199. Independent Studies in History (1-3 s.h.) FS

Prerequisite: Written permission of instructor. Students will do independent research in a field of history with a History faculty member.

0200. From Europe to America (3 s.h.) F

This course stresses the social, economic, and genealogical aspects of the great migration from Europe to America. Issues to be studied are who emigrated and why, the origins and destinations of emigrant populations, the problems of mobility, wealth, and social status, and demographic and social characteristics of emigrants.

0201. Colonial America (3 s.h.) F

The main characteristics of American society before the Revolution (1600 to 1763): how people made a living; the origins of American politics; the growth of slavery; the nature of community, urbanization, religion, education, and social intercourse. Life in distinct colonies compared, and different influences on the future of the United States weighed.

0203. American Revolution and Republic (3 s.h.) S

The development of revolutionary America from 1763 to 1824. Origins and character of America's revolution; military and social character of the war; origins and development of republicanism; the economic and social structure of the early Republic; origins and character of the Constitution; Jefferson's and Hamilton's struggle over the Republic's political economy and foreign policy; and various aspects of early American society such as religion, slavery, the market structure, culture, and women.

0209. North and South: 1820-1860 (3 s.h.) S

The changes in American life during this period. The growth of democracy and mass politics; the maturing of the political party system; the reform crusade, the growth of sectional conflict; the Old South; slavery and antislavery; expansionism and the Mexican War; the causes of the Civil War.

0210. The Civil War and Reconstruction (3 s.h.) S

Political, military, and social aspects of the war as a central event in American social consciousness. Military and political battles and their impact both immediately and for modern America; economic and political consequences of the war; the reconstruction of the South; the rights of the freed slaves; and the origins of modern America.

0215. America in Transition: 1960-1984 (3 s.h.) S

America in the 1950s, when a strong unity of values existed in politics and society, the break-up of this consensus in the 1960s, its fragmentation in the 1970s, and attempts to reunite the social and political order in the 1980s. The civil rights movement, counter-culture, media and politics from JFK through Reagan, Nixon and Kissinger, Watergate, environmentalism, the New Right, and the nuclear weapons issue.

0217. Popular Culture in 20th Century America (3 s.h.) F

Historical development and interrelation of mass media, music, art, architecture, fads, fashions, and popular tastes with American ideas, values, and attitudes since 1900. Also includes motion pictures, Art Deco, sports, social mores, and advertising. (Cross-listed with American Studies 0127.)

0222. American Social History: Modern Period (3 s.h.) S

The main themes of this course are the development of American industrial society from 1870 to 1940 and the shift from an industrial to a post-industrial society since 1940. Specific topics, related to these general themes, include: the effects of technology, economic change, and war; immigration; racial minorities; the media; and the impact of government on society.

0226. Development of the Modern American City (3 s.h.) S

The course deals with the historical origins of modern American cities such as Philadelphia. Important themes in the course include: the ways that changing transportation, technology, and energy use have altered the basic structure and geography of cities; the roles of race and ethnicity in shaping the ways that residents adjusted to the urban life; the problems of crime, poverty, and housing within the large cities; and the functions of politics and reformers in influencing the development of the modern city.

0229. The Jewish Experience in America (3 s.h.) S

The course will examine the evolution of Jewish community in the United States from its colonial beginnings to the present day. Special attention will be given to the Philadelphia Jewish experience. Classes will be organized along topic lines and will include the following: differing waves of immigration (including "fourth wave" Soviet Jews), the development of the major religious movements within Judaism (Orthodox, Conservative and Reform), the political culture of the Jewish community, impact socially and culturally of Jews on American life, anti-Semitism in this country, the Jewish and American response to Zionism and Israel and Black-Jewish relations. The course concludes with the examination of current trends. (Cross-listed with Jewish Studies 0223.)

0233. African-American History I (3 s.h.) F

The course will survey the history of Blacks in North America up to the Civil War with attention paid to the African background, and emerging social and cultural patterns reflecting the merger of European influence and the African experience. The reaction of Blacks to slavery and freedom in America will be investigated as the formative ingredient in the evolution of a distinct African-American identity.

R234. African-American History II (3 s.h.) FS

Course will survey Black history since the Civil War. The evolving roles of African-Americans within American society. Major historical developments affected or influenced by African-Americans examined: race and class issues stressed.

0244. Women in United States History (3 s.h.) S

The social, economic, political, and intellectual role of women in American society. (Cross-listed with Women's Studies 0247.)

R246. Race and the United States Constitution (3 s.h.) F

Racial issues in the Constitution from colonial times to the present. Topics include the evolution of the law of slavery and slave codes, the Constitution and slavery, segregation, civil rights, and affirmative action. The course examines constitutional issues significant to African Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and peoples of color colonized by the United States. The course will expose students to the scholarly literature of the field, and to such original historical documents as course cases and legislation.

0248. United States and World Crisis: 1890-1945 (3 s.h.) F

Modern American foreign relations from the debut of the U.S. as a world power in the Spanish-American War to the end of World War II. Focus on America in a world of war and revolutionary change. The relation of American economic expansion to foreign policy; America as an imperialist power in Latin America and East Asia; the entry into World War I, and the reformulation of foreign policy by Woodrow Wilson; Roosevelt and the threat of Nazi Germany; U.S. relations with Japan and the causes of Pearl Harbor; the tenuous wartime alliance with the Soviet Union.

0249. United States Foreign Policy in the Cold War (3 s.h.) S

American national security policy during the Cold War from military and diplomatic perspectives. The time period will be 1945 to the present. Themes and topics include: the debate on origins of the Cold War; America's rise and decline as a superpower; confrontation and detente with the Soviet Union; bureaucratic politics; crisis and war; U.S. and third world nationalism.

0254. The Military in American Society (3 s.h.) S

A history of war and military affairs and their place in American life. Every American war surveyed in some detail. Includes the ways in which wars were fought; emphasizes the impact of war in shaping American values and institutions. The development of the armed forces in peacetime; the influence of military leaders in the evolution of United States history at large.

0256. The Vietnam War (3 s.h.) F

An attempt to probe in depth one of the most significant and controversial episodes of recent American history. The history of Vietnam since the 19th century with heaviest emphasis on the period of direct United States involvement, 1965-1973. The impact of the war on the domestic and international scenes and its multiple legacies. Television and film from the period, interviews, and guest speakers.

W257. History of American Medicine (3 s.h.) S

Public health activity in America. Interaction of private initiative and governmental authority in responding to infectious epidemics, mental deficiency, industrial accident, and environmental concerns. Immigration, the nuclear freeze, the changing nature of disease, and population limitation examined against the interplay of politics and economics, culture and society, scientific knowledge, and the role of health professionals. Lecture/discussion format.

0264. American West in Fact and Fiction (3 s.h.) F

The American frontier and westward expansion from approximately 1750 to 1890. Stresses the influence of the West on American development and thought and especially the stereotypes and legends of individuals (Kit Carson, Billy the Kid, Belle Starr, etc.) and groups (cowboys, Indians, Mexicans, mountain men, Army, etc.). Lectures, discussions, and movies (i.e., Shane, High Noon, The Gunfighter, etc.) explore what the West was really like and what people at various times thought the West was like.

0266. Delaware Valley to 1850 (3 s.h.) S

The history of our area from Native American life to industrialization: competing European colonies; the development of a diversified society; economic and political change in the 18th century; the impact of the French and Indian War and the Revolution; the leading role of this region in forming a new nation; urbanization, economic growth, and controversy in the early 19th century.

0271. Topics in American History: The Assassination of JFK (3 s.h.) F

An examination of the JFK assassination as a historical problem, this course will delve into the assassination itself, evaluate the various investigations (The Warren Report, the House Select Committee on Assassinations, and others), assess various of the conspiracy theories and competing explanations for the assassination, including Oliver Stone's movie, "JFK." The course will also explore the JFK assassination as a turning point in U.S. history, as a symbol or reflection of broader societal trends, and as a problem in historical analysis. Consideration will also be given to the role of assassination in American life and to the impact of other assassinations in recent U.S. history, including Huey P. Long, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert F. Kennedy.

0271. Topics in American History: The Arts in America (3 s.h.) S

Themes include the effect of the arts in America; their importance as part of culture; what different art forms at the same time have in common and how they influence each other. Examines how being an artist in America has changed over the last 100 or more years through representative figures within an interdisciplinary context including literature, photography, music, architecture, and painting. Possible artists: Whitman, Louis Sullivan, Charles Ives, Alfred Stieglitz, John Dos Passos, Frank Lloyd Wright, Norman Mailer, Robert Frank, John Cage, Robert Venturi. (Cross-listed with American Studies 0104.)

0303. History of Southern Africa (3 s.h.) S

The course will concentrate on the major developments in Southern Africa since the 10th century. Study of African cultures of Zimbabwe, Mapunbugwe, and Dithakong will be supplemented with the discussion of Khoi, Xhoi, Xhosa, Zulu, and Sotho rural cultures; rivalry of Europeans will be discussed in the context of a struggle for the control of a sub-continent and the creation of a new society of blacks and whites.

0311. Topics in African History I (3 s.h.) F

Introductory survey of African history. Focus for this semester: crisis states in Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Liberia, Angola, Zaire, Mozambique. Root causes of state crisis.

0314. Israel and the Arabs (3 s.h.) F

Development of Israel and its relationship with its Arab neighbors. Includes a discussion of the evolution of Zionism, the growth of Arab nationalism, the creation of the Jewish State, the plight of the Palestinian refugees, and an evaluation of peace prospects in the Middle East.

0315. Modern Middle Eastern History (3 s.h.) FS

A study of the history of the modern and contemporary Middle East stressing socio-economic and cultural trends. Methodological issues and contemporary concerns with peasants, workers, and women's movements included.

0321. Origins of the Chinese Revolution (3 s.h.) F

The history of China from the Opium Wars to 1919. Topics to be discussed include the decline of the traditional order, the impact of imperialism, the rise of nationalism, the revolution of Sun Yat-sen, and socio-cultural ferment. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0308.)

0322. Contemporary China (3 s.h.) S

The rise of nationalism, social-cultural changes, and revolutions since the late 19th century. Developments after 1949 in detail. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0310.)

0326. Japan's Response to the West (3 s.h.) S

An interpretative survey of Japan's interaction with the West since 1800. The Shogunal legacy, the growth of nationalism, the emperor system, domestic policies and foreign relations, social, economic, and intellectual changes. Special attention given to Japanese-American relations including examination of Japan's road to Pearl Harbor. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0311.)

0328. Southeast Asia in Modern Times (3 s.h.) F

Covers the histories of mainland Southeast Asian countries, i.e., Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, and Burma, from the 18th century until modern times. It will analyze the roles of culture, trade, religion, and monarchy in the state formation of those countries; the socio-economic and political impact of Western colonialism; and the subsequent rise of forces of change, such as nationalism and communism. Mainland Southeast Asia's role in the world politics and economy will also be analyzed. Reference will be made to recent events taking place in the region. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0312.)

0329. Topics in Southeast Asian History (3 s.h.) S

Covers the histories of insular Southeast Asia, i.e., Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines, from the 18th century until modern times. It will analyze the roles of culture, trade, religion, and monarchy in the state formation of those countries; the socio-economic and political impact of Western colonialism; and the subsequent rise of forces of change, such as nationalism and communism. Insular Southeast Asia's role in world politics and economy will also be analyzed. Reference will be made to recent events taking place in the region. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0313.)

0330. Japan Today (3 s.h.) F

An analytical survey of political, economic, social, and intellectual conditions in Japan today. An examination of post World War II reforms and reconstruction, the nature of political leadership and participation, economic growth, social change, intellectual trends, and foreign relations of contemporary Japan. Special emphasis on changing Japanese-American relations. Readings include representative postwar Japanese novels in translation. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0314.)

0332. Twentieth Century India (3 s.h.) F

Colonialism, nationalism, non-violent political struggle, independence and adjustment, regionalism and tension, leadership in a third world movement, and relations with the United States are the major political issues covered. Social issues include coping with inequality, population explosion, hunger, regional violence, and new popular organizations. Major personalities reviewed include Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Indira Gandhi, Japaprakash Narayan, and Sir Aurobindo. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0318.)

0337. Women and Society in Japan (3 s.h.) S

Analysis of the changing positions of women in Japanese society from ancient times to the present. Through lectures, discussions, and audiovisual materials, the class will explore the fascinating worlds of goddesses, female diviners, empresses, the classical female writers, women in warrior culture, women in industrializing Japan, and Japanese women's movements. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0315.)

0340. History of Latin America to 1930 (3 s.h.) F

Overview of Latin American history from a social change/social problems perspective. Some of the historical themes addressed include: social inequality and unequal exchange, cultural domination and resistance, racial minorities and indigenism, the role of women in Latin American societies, political imposition and democracy, and national independence. (Cross-listed with Latin American Studies 0170.)

0344. Contemporary Latin America (3 s.h.) F

The course will be concerned with examining the historical roots of social conflict in Latin America and assessing the conditions of survival for Latin Americans in coming decades. Such concepts as imperialism, internal colonialism, underdevelopment, and modernization will be discussed, and their capacity for explaining social processes in Latin America judged. Among the topics to be considered are militarism, nationalism, race, revolution, social structure, urbanization, population growth, religion, international political and economic relations, and culture.

0345. History of Mexico (3 s.h.) S

Following a brief background examination of indigenous civilizations and Spanish colonial rule, the course examines the political economy of 19th and 20th century Mexico. Particular attention will be devoted to the causes and consequences of the Mexican Revolution of 1910; the issues of political power, gender, race, ethnicity, and class in the remaking of Mexico from a rural, agrarian society into an industrial, urban member of NAFTA; and such historical sources of conflict with the United States as imperial expansion, migration, and narcotics trafficking.

0354. History of Puerto Rico (3 s.h.) F

An examination of the basic historical forces that have shaped Puerto Rico, with emphasis upon the 19th and 20th centuries. Attention will focus upon the three principal political positions advanced for the island-autonomy, independence, and incorporation-and upon the cultural and socio-economic implications of each. Migration and the condition of Puerto Rican communities in the U.S. will also be discussed.

0366. Historical Roots of Urban Crime (3 s.h.) F

Prior background in history or sociology preferred but not required. The historical development of organized crime (gambling, prostitution, narcotics, and bootlegging), professional theft, juvenile delinquency, and deviant subcultures in American cities since the Civil War. The development of criminal justice institutions, especially policy, and their relationship to criminal activity.

0381. Topics in Comparative History: Peasant Cultures and Politics in Comparative and Historical Perspectives (3 s.h) F

The course examines major themes and debates in the field of peasant studies relating to the problem of peasant politics and social change in the modern world. Emphasizing the relationship between research method and theory, it focuses empirically on instances of transformation in China to illuminate and to raise questions about historical process. Of interest to both history and Asian studies majors as well as students in other social sciences and the humanities, principal topics include: peasant resistance as integral to patterns of change; peasant's creation and use of culture in contesting existing hegemonies; and alternative visions of modernity as evidenced in contemporary peasant critiques of global (capitalist) development. (Cross-listed with Asian Studies 0316.)

W386. Writing Seminar in American History (3 s.h.) F

Writing seminar in American history. Students will develop a historical exhibit on gender and the American city. Working individually and in groups, students will be responsible for conceptualizing the exhibit, selecting artifacts and images, and writing the exhibit narrative, text panels, and object labels. Students will also organize a grant proposal to fund the project and an education strategy to accompany it. Permission of the instructor required. Class limited to twenty students.

W387. Writing Seminar in European History (3 s.h.) FS

This course will focus on a special topic in European history. It will help students with historical writing, argumentation, and research. Students will complete a research project during the semester. Part of the course will focus on problems of writing and research.

W388. Writing Seminar in Third World History (3 s.h.) F

This course will look at revolutions in Russia and the Third World. Besides Russia, the Chinese, Mexican, and Nicaraguan revolutions will be looked at in depth and some attention will be paid to revolutions in Iran and Vietnam. The course will begin with a survey of the various theories of revolution, which will be assessed at the end of the semester as to their applicability to each of the case studies.

W397. Contemporary Theory and Practice of History (3 s.h.) FS

Open to history majors and other interested students. Introduction to the varieties of modern historical research and writings. Focus on the kinds of questions contemporary historians investigate, and the methods they use in studying the problem of change over time. Seminar format. Students will learn to write scholarly book reviews and will also write an original scholarly research paper. Attention will be given to writing style and related problems as well as to questions of current research techniques and scholarship.

0398. Field Work in History (3 s.h.) FS

To provide practical experience working in an institution promoting historical research, historical preservation, or the popularization of history. Placement of students in such facilities as archives, museums, historical parks, and federal, state, and private agencies promoting historic preservation. The opportunity to be a part of a living historical activity and use knowledge of history.

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