**Lower Level**

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C053/H091. Physics: Matter and Motion (4 s.h.)
****F**** S**** SS**. Core: SA.

An introduction to the ideas and techniques used in the study of motion. Application to a wide variety of physical systems ranging from air molecules to footballs to black holes. Mostly descriptive using photographic techniques, films, and demonstrations. No laboratory.

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C054. Physics: Waves and Modern Physics (4 s.h.)
**** S**. Core: SB.

*Prerequisite: Physics C053 or 0067.*

An introduction to the ideas and techniques used in the study of waves. Applications to a wide variety of physical systems ranging from sound, music, light, and color to atoms, nuclei, and elementary particles. Mostly descriptive, using photography , films, and demonstrations. No laboratory.

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C055/H092. Light, Art, and Nature (4 s.h.)
****F**. Core: SA.

An introduction to the properties of light, whether interpreted as rays, waves, or photons. Discussion of the basic ideas of geometric and wave optics, with application to the analysis of photography, color, vision, and modern physics. Emphasis is on factors which permit the artist and observer to understand and more fully control the design and interpretation of images of all kinds. Demonstrations, experiments, and video and computer simulations to analyze signals received by the eyes or instruments. Course is primarily designed for students interested in the visual arts, but is open to anyone. Minimal mathematics.

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C056/H096. Introduction to Astronomy (4 s.h.)
****F**** S**** SS**. Core: SB.

*Prerequisite: Physics C053, C055 or C067.*

After a description of local space which includes the universe of galaxies, red shift, and the big bang will be discussed. White dwarF S, red giants, pulsars, black holes, and quasars will be covered. The treatment will be mostly descriptive, utilizing slides, NASA films, and several trips to our planetarium. No laboratory.

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C065. Our Microscopic Universe (4 s.h.)
****F**. Core: SA.

This course will take the students on a journey through the universe using scientific principles encompassing classical physics and the basic principles of quantum mechanics to describe planetary motion and how we understand and measure the phenome na in our universe. Our planet earth, plate tectonic theory, the rock and hydrological cycles will be investigated to understand the geological development of our planet. The processes occurring throughout the solar system will be described on a molecular level where atomic theory, nuclear chemistry and structure and bonding become critical in analyzing the universe on a "microscopic" level.

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C067. Acoustics (3 s.h.)
****F**. Core: SA.

Elementary principles of wave motion and discussion and analysis of musical sounds from a large variety of sources including live voices, instruments, oscillators, synthesizers, and recording media of all sorts. Factors which permit the performer and listener to understand and more fully control musical sounds. Demonstrations and video to relate the signals received by the ears to visual and technical analysis. For music students, but useful to anyone interested in communications. Open to all students. Minimal mathematics.

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C081. Introductory Engineering Physics I (4 s.h.)
****F**** S**. Core: SA.

*Co-Requisite: Mathematics C075 or C085.*

Principles and applications of Newtonian mechanics, gravitation, fluids, waves, and heat. Intended primarily for engineering technology students. Engineering students should take Physics C087 instead. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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C082. Introductory Engineering Physics II (4 s.h.)
****F**** S**. Core: SB.

*Prerequisite: Physics C081 or C087.**Co-Requisite: Mathematics C076 or C086.*

Optics, electricity and magnetism, waves, and atoms. Intended primarily for engineering technology students. Engineering students should take Physics C088 instead. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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C083. College Physics I (4 s.h.)
****F**** SS**. Core: SA.

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0073 or 0074 or equivalent.*

Recommended for, but not restricted to, architecture students and those preparing to enter the College of Allied Health Professions. Not intended as preparation for advanced courses in physics. Selected topics from mechanics. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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C084. College Physics II (4 s.h.)
**** S**** SS**. Core: SB.

*Prerequisite: one of Physics C081, C085, or C087.*

Recommended for, but not restricted to, architecture students and those preparing to enter the College of Allied Health Professions. Not intended as preparation for advanced courses in physics. Heat, light, electricity, and magnetism, and modern physics. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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C085. Introduction to General Physics I (4 s.h.)
****F**** SS**. Core: SA .

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0073, 0074, or equivalent.*

Open to freshmen and other students in pre-professional programs, including pre-dental and pre-medical programs. Preprofessional students who are biology majors should take Physics 0121 instead. Not intended as a preparation for advanced courses in physics. Physics of motion, gravitation, and heat. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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C086. Introduction to General Physics II (4 s.h.)
**** S**** SS**. Core: SB.

*Prerequisite: One of the following Physics C081, C085, or C087.*

Normally follows Physics C085. Open to freshmen and others in preprofessional programs, including pre-dental and pre-medical programs. Pre-professional students who are biology majors should take Physics 0122 instead. Optics, electricity and magnetism, waves, and atoms. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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C087. Elementary Classical Physics I (4 s.h.)
****F**** S**** SS**. Core: SA.

*Prerequisite: (or co-requisite) Mathematics C075 or C085.*

Primarily for physics, chemistry, engineering, geology, and mathematics majors, but open to others. Elementary vector algebra, one-dimensional motion, particle dynamics, work and energy, conservation of energy, conservation of linear momentum, collisions, rotational kinematics and dynamics, conservation of angular momentum, oscillations, waves, and gravitation. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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C088. Elementary Classical Physics II (4 s.h.)
****F**** S**** SS**. Core: SB.

*Prerequisite: C075 or C085.**Co-Requisite: C076 or C086.*

Primarily for physics, chemistry, engineering, geology, and mathematics majors, but open to others. Temperature, heat and the first law of thermodynamics, kinetic theory of gases, entropy and the second law of thermodynamics, electrical charges, the electric field, Gauss's law, electrostatic potential, capacitors and dielectrics, current, resistance, the magnetic field, Ampere's law, Faraday's law, inductance, geometrical optics, and interference and diffraction of light. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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0095. Independent Study (3 s.h.)
****F**** S**.

May be repeated.

**Upper Level**

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0121. General Physics I (4 s.h.)
****F**** SS**.

*Prerequisite: Two semesters of calculus. Primarily for biology majors but open to others. Students are expected to have completed a year of college level biology, chemistry, or geology.*

Newtonian mechanics, gravitation, energy conservation, and thermodynamics. Biological applications discussed where appropriate. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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0122. General Physics II (4 s.h.)
**** S**** SS**.

*Prerequisite: Two semesters of calculus and one of Physics C081, C085, C087, and 0121. Normally follows Physics 0121.*

Primarily for biology majors but open to others. Students are expected to have completed a year of college level biology, chemistry, or geology. Optics, electricity and magnetism, atomic, molecular, and nuclear physics. Biological applications discussed where appropriate. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation.

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0161. Computing for Scientists (3 s.h.)
**** S**.

*Prerequisite: Two semesters of calculus and two semesters of an introductory science course for science majors.*

An overview of computer systems, hardware, and software. Designing, writing, debugging, and testing programs using realistic scientific problems. Programming with style and structure. Displaying results in graphical form. Numerical techniques, data analysis, simulation, Fourier transforms. Use of available software packages. Practical experience in laboratory data acquisition and control of experiments. Laboratory.

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0171. Optics (3 s.h.)
****F**.

*Prerequisite: One year of introductory physics.*

Nature and propagation of light, reflection and refraction, lenses, optical instruments, polarization, interference, diffraction, modern optics. Lecture and laboratory.

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0182. Mathematical Physics with Engineering Applications (4 s.h.)
**** S**.

*Prerequisite: Calculus 0127 and General Physics with calculus.*

Infinite series, determinants and matrices, ordinary differential equations, vector analysis, curvilinear coordinate systems, Fourier series, properties of Legendre and Bessel functions, partial differential equations. 3 hr. lecture, 2 hr. lab. Laboratory portion of course provides training in use of Mathematica, an integrated environment for technical computing, to solve problems in mathematical physics.

*Note: No prior computer experience is necessary*

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0184. Mathematical Physics (4 s.h.)
**** S**.

*Prerequisite: Calculus 0127 and General Physics with calculus.*

Infinite series, determinants and matrices, ordinary differential equations, vector analysis, curvilinear coordinate systems, Fourier series, properties of Legendre and Bessel functions, partial differential equations. 3 hr. lecture, 2 hr. lab. Laboratory portion of course provides training in use of Mathematica, an integrated environment for technical computing, to solve problems in mathematical physics.

*Note: No prior computer experience is necessary*

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0185. Nuclear Arms: An Interdisciplinary Framework for Decision Making (3 s.h.)
**** S**.

Cross Listed with Philosophy 0184, Political Science 0184, and Speech 0184.

One of the most challenging dilemmas facing us today is the nuclear arms race. This course provides background information necessary for us to join the debate. The physics and effects of nuclear weapons, the history of Soviet American relations, efforts at arms control, varied views on national security, and the philosophical and moral questions involved. Students view films, read, analyze the facts, assumptions, and arguments of opposing positions, and formulate their own opinions through discussion, debate, and by keeping a journal.

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0187L. Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
****F**.

*Co-Requisite: Physics 0187.*

Laboratory investigation on DC and AC circuits, bridge circuits, sources of emf, Hall effect, and operational amplifier circuits.

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0187. Electricity and Magnetism (4 s.h.)
****F**.

*Prerequisite: (or co-requisites) One year of Introductory Physics, and Mathematics 0127.*

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, microscopic interpretation of polarization P and magnetization M, electrostatic and magnetostatic energy, Faraday's law, self and mutual inductance, magnetic circuits; integral and differential forms of Gauss, Ampere, and Faraday laws; AC circuits; introduction to the displacement current and Maxwell's equations.

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0188. Introduction to Modern Physics (4 s.h.)
**** S**.

*Prerequisite: one year of Introductory Physics.**Co-Requisite: Mathematics 0127.*

Special relativity, kinetic theory, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, X-rays, Compton effect, Rutherford scattering, etc. Wave mechanics.

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0195 - 0196. Independent Study (3 s.h.)
****F**** S**.

Undergraduate independent study in physics.

*Note: This course may be repeated for credit. *

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0201. Classical Mechanics (3 s.h.)
**** S**.

*Prerequisite: Mathematics 0127 and Physics 0187.*

Newton's laws of motion, one-dimensional motion, second order differential equations, harmonic oscillators (damped, forced), vector analysis, conservation laws, three-dimensional motion, central forces, motion in electromagnetic fields, collisions, center-of-mass transformations, two-body problem, numerical/computer solutions, coupled oscillators. Rigid body rotation, statics, elasticity, fluid equilibrium, gravitation.

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0202. Analytical Mechanics (3 s.h.)
****F**.

*Prerequisite: Physics 0201.*

Moving coordinate systems, three-body problems, partial differential equations, wave propagation (strings, membranes, fluids), boundary value problems, normal modes, fluid equations of motion, viscosity; virtual work, Lagrange's equations, Hamilton's equations; angular momentum of a rigid body, inertia tensor, Euler's equations, Euler angles, tops and gyroscopes, small vibrations.

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0211. Classical Electromagnetism (3 s.h.)
**** S**.

*Prerequisite: Physics 0184 and 0187.*

Solutions to the equations of Poisson and Laplace; multipole expansions; electrostatic and magnetostatic energy, forces, and torques; Maxwell's equations; the wave equation; radiation fields, Poynting's Theorem, microwave and optical waveguides.

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W215. Experimental Physics (3 s.h.)
**** S**. Core: WI.

*Prerequisite: Physics 0171 and 0188.*

An intermediate laboratory course with an introduction to data analysis and error estimation. Students independently perform two or three experiments, with suitable reports. (Capstone W course)

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0221. Electronics (3 s.h.)
****F**.

*Prerequisite: Physics 0187 or equivalent.*

Basic circuit ideas, Thevenin/Norton theorems, input/output impedance, diodes, transistors, feedback, operational amplifiers, elements of digital electronics, transducers for physical measurements.

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0231. Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory (3 s.h.)
****F**.

*Prerequisite: one year of general physics, and Mathematics 0127.*

First, second, and third laws, thermodynamic potentials, kinetic theory, and applications to simple systems. The basic ideas of statistical mechanics.

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0251. Science and Science Fiction (3 s.h.)
**** S**.

Science fiction as a genre; its purposes and styles. The existence of intelligent life in the universe. Communication with other civilizations; problems and probabilities. Interplanetary and interstellar travel. Time travel. Analysis of devices and themes common in science fiction, such as faster-than-light travel. The parallel development of science and science fiction and recent changes and new directions.

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0295. Independent Study (3 s.h.)
****F**** S**.

This course offers the opportunity for more advanced independent study.

*Note: This course may be repeated for credit. *

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0306. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (3 s.h.)
****F**.

*Prerequisite: Physics 0184 and 0188.*

Dual nature of light and matter, de Broglie waves, Schrodinger equation, one-dimensional systems, Hermitian operators, eigenfuctions and eigenvalues. Spin and isospin. Two- and three-dimensional systems. Approximation methods. Theory of scattering.

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0321. Introduction to Solid State Physics (3 s.h.)
**** S**.

*Prerequisite: Physics 0306.*

Elementary theory of the solid state. Survey of mechanical, thermal, optical, electrical, and magnetic properties of solids.

*Note: Course offered on even-numbered years*

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0341. Introduction of Atomic, Nuclear, and Particle Physics (3 s.h.)
**** S**.

*Prerequisite: Physics 0306.*

Atomic, molecular, and nuclear structure; interaction of ionizing radiation with matter; applications; introduction to sub-nuclear particles.

*Note: Course offered on odd-numbered years *

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0391 - 0392. Undergraduate Thesis (3 - 6 s.h.)
****F**** S**.

Credit will be given either semester or both.

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0395. Problems in Theoretical Physics (2 - 4 s.h.)
****F**** S**.

*Prerequisite: Permission of the faculty member who will direct the research.*

Special problems in the field of theoretical physics. Primarily for undergraduate students in conjunction with graduate courses.