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College of Science and Technology
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Founded 1999 

Chris D. Platsoucas, Dean 
409 Barton Hall
1900 N. 13th Street
215-204-2888 
www.temple.edu/cst

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Science and technology have been responsible for a profound transformation of the world in the twentieth century and will drive the economy of the twenty-first century. The objectives of the undergraduate programs of the College of Science and Technology are to prepare students for careers in these important areas, and to graduate informed, responsible citizens. 

The College presents science and technology as a body of knowledge that has an advancing frontier and a complex interface with society. The traditional mandate for a university is to provide undergraduate students with a comprehensive education and the opportunity to focus closely on a particular area of study. The College of Science and Technology accepts this mandate and offers undergraduate students additional opportunities as well. Students are encouraged to participate in faculty research projects and thus to witness the advancement of this body of knowledge. The Center for Student Professional Development introduces undergraduate students to the interface between science and technology and society by offering work experience as interns in technology-based companies and agencies and by helping them to prepare for careers in these areas. 

All undergraduate students in the College must satisfy the requirements of the Core Curriculum. This curriculum is designed to prepare students to be fully engaged members of the University community and of society by ensuring their acquisition of effective communication and quantitative reasoning skills and a common background in the social sciences and humanities. The ability to think critically and express thought clearly and precisely is an invaluable asset of an educated person. The increasing reliance of society upon numerical data makes it essential for individuals to understand how meaningful inferences can be obtained from data and how to recognize fallacious inferences. Informed judgment requires awareness of the diversity of viewpoints and knowledge to act in accordance with a universal morality. Personal fulfillment rests upon the appreciation of truth and beauty manifested in works of religion, philosophy, and the arts. 

Baccalaureate programs lead from the Core Curriculum toward mastery of the subject matter, methods, and values of a chosen field to prepare students for a fulfilling future. Bachelor of Science programs offer a greater concentration in major coursework; Bachelor of Arts programs offer a greater variety of coursework. All programs offer undergraduates the opportunity to work with distinguished faculty and a richly diverse and stimulating student body as they prepare for active roles in society. 

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Special Programs

Study Abroad

Undergraduates may pursue a large variety of study abroad options. Temple University has campuses in Rome, Italy and Tokyo, Japan; a program in London, England; exchange programs with universities in England, Germany, and Puerto Rico; and summer programs in France, Ghana, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, and South Africa. See International Programs for more information about study abroad options. 

University Honors Program

Students in the College of Science and Technology are eligible to apply to the University Honors Program. Students in the Honors Program take specially- designated Honors courses to fulfill their University Core requirements. See Academic Programs/University Honors.

Five-year Master's Programs and Teacher Certification

The Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, and Physics Departments enable talented students to complete both a bachelor's and a master's degree in five years. 

Students who want to combine teacher certification with a major in one of these areas may take a minor in Education during their undergraduate study. After earning a bachelor's degree in the field of choice, students spend an additional year as a graduate student in the College of Education. Students who complete this program earn a Master of Education degree and are certified to teach in Pennsylvania schools. See the College of Education for more details. 

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Awards and Student Associations

Awards

Many awards are granted to juniors and seniors for outstanding performance in a variety of scholastic areas and for exceptional service to the College. Information is available in departmental offices or in the Office of Undergraduate Advising, Barton Hall. 

Majors' Associations

Many of the departments within the College of Science and Technology support student interest organizations known as Majors' Associations. Each department organization provides an opportunity for students to interact with faculty and other students who share similar interests. It is here that students can have the most influence on course offerings, faculty recruitment, and departmental functions. 

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College Council of Science and Technology (CCST)

The College Council of Science and Technology is the student government of the College of Science and Technology. This council is an effective and responsive student government that promotes the general welfare of the student body of the College of Science and Technology. This government is a medium for student opinion and expression concerning matters relevant to the student body and the College at large. 

  • All students, graduate and undergraduate, are welcome to become members of CCST. 
  • Major Associations within the College are eligible to receive funding from CCST. 
  • General Assembly (GA) meetings are held every month, and the GA is opened to all CST students. 
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Policies and Regulations

University policies and regulations apply to all undergraduate students and provide a framework within which schools and colleges may specify further conditions or variations appropriate to students in their courses or programs. 

Academic Residency Requirements

Students who transfer into CST must complete at least 30 semester hours of coursework in the College, and at least half of the courses required in the major must be taken at Temple. 

Course Eligibility

College of Science and Technology undergraduate courses are of three kinds: 

1. Preparatory courses numbered 0001-0049: open to all students, full-time, part-time, matriculated, and non-matriculated. 

2. Lower Level courses numbered 0050-0099: open to all students including non-matriculated students who are in the process of completing required remedial courses or who have completed them and have completed appropriate course prerequisites. 

3. Upper Level courses numbered 0100-0399: open to all matriculated students who have completed all necessary remedial courses and appropriate course prerequisites. Open as well to all non-matriculated students who have achieved matriculation equivalency (see below) and have completed appropriate course prerequisites. 

Courses Taken Elsewhere by CST Students

Matriculated Temple students are required to petition for the prior approval of their dean to take courses at another institution. Courses taken without such approval cannot be applied to graduation. Petition forms are available at the Office of Undergraduate Advising in Barton Hall. 

Courses Inapplicable to Graduation

Semester hours earned in Mathematics 0015 (formerly Mathematics 0001), Military Science, and RCC-Enhanced are excluded from the total minimum semester hours required for graduation. 

Dean's List

Each semester, undergraduate students who achieve a grade point average (GPA) of 3.5 or above for the semester with 12 or more graded credits toward the degree and with no grade of Incomplete or "R" are selected to the Dean's List. A letter of congratulations is sent to each of these students. 

Grading

1.Major, Minor, and Core courses must be completed with a letter grade of C- or higher. 
2.Credit/No Credit -- During the junior and senior years, any College of Science and Technology student in good standing who is taking a minimum of 12 semester hours may elect to take one course each semester on a Credit/No Credit basis. Courses taken for Credit/No Credit may not be used to satisfy major, minor, Core, or distribution requirements. Application must be made at the Office of Undergraduate Advising, Barton Hall, during the first two weeks of the semester in which the course is offered (the first three days for a summer session course). 

Graduation Procedures

In the first semester of the senior year, all students are required to review a summary sheet that indicates the requirements for the B.A. or B.S. degree which remain to be completed with an adviser. The Advising Coordinator for the student's major department reviews the summary, and a copy is sent to the student to indicate the courses that remain to be completed in the final semester. 

Appointments for this review will be scheduled in the Office of Undergraduate Advising, Barton Hall, in the fall semester for graduations anticipated the next May and in the spring semester for graduations anticipated the next August and January. 

Notice of Anticipation of Graduation

Early in the semester in which students will complete their degree requirements, they must notify the Office of Undergraduate Advising, in writing. Forms for this purpose are available at the Office of Undergraduate Advising. The deadlines for returning the form are the following: 

October 5, 2000 for fall semester, 2000 
February 2, 2001 for spring semester, 2001 
September 30, 2001 for fall semester, 2001 
February 1, 2002 for spring semester, 2002 

Matriculation Equivalency

Upon completion of all required remedial courses and at least four or more lower level courses accruing no fewer than 12 semester hours of credit, students with an average of C or better will be granted matriculation equivalency. Students with such equivalency may register for any CST undergraduate course for which they have met the prerequisite(s). Full matriculation, however, including admission through the Admissions Office, is required for any student to enter a degree program. Admissions applications may be obtained at the Office of Admissions, Conwell Hall. 

Plagiarism and Academic Cheating

Plagiarism and academic cheating are prohibited in CST courses. The development of independent thought and a respect for the thoughts of others is essential to intellectual growth. The prohibition against plagiarism and cheating is intended to foster this independence and respect. See Academic Policies in this Bulletin. 

The penalty for plagiarism or cheating as a first offense is normally an F in the course in which the offense is committed. In such cases, the instructor writes a report to the Dean. The CST Grievance Committee adjudicates student appeals and serious cases or repeat offenses referred to the Committee by an instructor or the Dean. The Dean may recommend suspension or expulsion from the University when warranted. 

Probation and Dismissal

Students whose semester, major or cumulative GPA falls below 2.0 may be subject to probation. Students who fail to remove themselves from probation after one semester may be subject to dismissal. Students not making academic progress toward a degree may be subject to probation and/or dismissal. 

Readmission

  • Full-time students in good standing are not required to submit a Readmission Application until after more than one full semester of non-attendance. 
  • Part-time students in good standing are not required to submit a Readmission Application until after more than two full semesters of non-attendance. 
  • Students not in good standing (Warning or Probation) must file a Readmission application after each full semester of non-attendance. 
  • Applications may be obtained from the Office of Undergraduate Advising and are due November 1 for the spring semester and May 1 for the fall semester. 
Withdrawal from Classes

A student may withdraw from a course without penalty up to six weeks after the beginning of the semester by notifying the instructor and filing a schedule revision form, available in department offices. During the seventh through twelfth weeks of the semester, permission to withdraw must be obtained from both the instructor and the Office of Undergraduate Advising, Barton Hall. If withdrawal is approved, the instructor may file a W (withdrew without penalty), or WF (withdrew with failing grade). Permission to withdraw is not given after the twelfth week of the semester. Students may not withdraw from Mathematics 0015. 

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Academic Advising

The Role of the Academic adviser

Academic advising services are provided both by faculty and professional staff members. advisers assist students in developing both short and long-term academic plans. 

Students meet with professional advisers for their initial registration upon matriculation into the College of Science and Technology (either at New Student Orientation or after approved for Intra-University Transfer). Advising after that point is primarily offered by the faculty members in the student's major department; allowing for good career planning and recommendations for appropriate courses. 

The Office of Undergraduate Advising

College of Science and Technology students' professional advising needs are served in our Office of Undergraduate Advising, located in Barton Hall. Specialized services offered by this office include: 

New Student Orientation- Advising and Registration for new freshmen and transfer students. 
Walk-In Advising and Registration Services- Students may want to meet with professional advisers at different times during their academic career to check on remaining graduation requirements. Terminal Registration (with a signed Registration/Schedule Revision form) is required for students with a GPA below 2.00 and for any students registering for 18 or more credits. 
Transfer Credit Evaluations and Reviews- transfer credits are checked against collegiate and Core Curriculum requirements. 
Academic Planning and Goal Setting gives students the opportunity to examine in depth their career options within a particular discipline and to explore other academic and personally fulfilling interests with the guidance of an adviser. 
Graduation Reviews are a check at the end of the Junior year to help students understand and plan for their remaining graduation requirements. Students who have completed 75 credits should schedule an appointment with a professional adviser for this review. 
Petitions for Exception to Policy are reviewed on a rolling basis by the Coordinator of Undergraduate Advising. Typical petition requests include those for overload approval, to attend another institution for a semester or summer session, curriculum exceptions and the like. 

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Departmental Advising

After their New Student Orientation advising and registration session, students' academic credentials are copied and forwarded to their major department for subsequent advising and registration. (An original file is always maintained at the collegiate level in the Office of Undergraduate Advising.) Faculty advising is very important in developing ties between a student's academic program and his or her professional goals. Faculty advisers may assist students in finding research opportunities and professional internships and will help students choose courses that will best prepare them for their field of interest within a particular discipline. 

Academic Advising and Student's Responsibility

All academic advisers are trained to read and evaluate information carefully to give students the best possible advice. However, primary responsibility for curriculum completion rests with the student. The College cannot assume liability for errors in advising. Every student must be aware of the requirements of his or her degree, and should obtain advising on a regular basis to ensure timely completion of his or her program. 

Student advisers/Ombudspersons

Each department in the College of Science and Technology has a Student adviser/Ombudsperson (SA/O) who is a qualified undergraduate major in that department. The SA/O is thoroughly familiar with requirements and curricula of the department, and can competently advise fellow students on the courses and faculty members of the department. He or she also has information about career options for the departmentís graduates. 

Student Grievance Procedure

The SA/O is familiar with the College of Science and Technology Grievance Procedure, and is the first person to consult in case of an academic grievance. The SA/O will serve as a student-faculty "go-between," and attempt to resolve the grievance. A student must initiate this first stage of the academic grievance procedure no later than 30 days after the beginning of the fall or spring semester immediately following the completion of the course in which the grievance occurred. A copy of the College of Science and Technology grievance procedure can be obtained from the SA/O. Each SA/O has an office in his or her department, and the SA/O program coordinator is located in the Office of Undergraduate Advising. 

Continuing Student Registration

Continuing student registration is the period during the fall and spring semesters when currently enrolled students should register. Degree Audit Reports (DARS) provide a compact summary of a studentís progress toward a degree, including a list of requirements yet to be completed. Students obtain their DARS documents from the office of their major departments. 

Prior to processing their registrations, freshmen meet with advisers in a group setting to review their DARS documents, discuss course selections for the upcoming semester and have their Personal Identification Numbers (PINS) activated. New transfer students and continuing students in good academic standing are encouraged to meet with their departmental advisers before processing their schedules via telephone registration. Students ineligible to use telephone registration are required to meet with an adviser. 

Pre-professional Advising

Students planning a career in one of the health professions should consult the Health Professions Advising Center in Curtis Hall. 

Early Admission to Professional Programs

Students in the College of Science and Technology who have been admitted to health-related professional schools at the end of their third year and have completed 90 semester hours, including all of the requirements of the College and of their majors with a cumulative GPA of at least 3.5, may petition the Dean for the transfer of their first year in professional study toward the completion of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 

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Requirements for the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) and Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Degrees

The College of Science and Technology offers the student either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree or a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. The B.A. degree gives students a broad-based education, including the study of a foreign language. The B.S. degree, is for those students who wish more specialized professional training. 

Credit Hour Requirements

The College of Science and Technology (CST) requires that students complete a total of 123 credits. Of that total, 90 credits must be in CST or College of Liberal Arts (CLA) courses. Of those 90 credits, 45 must be in upper level CST or CLA courses. Of those 45 credits, students receiving a Bachelor of Arts (as opposed to Bachelor of Science) degree must take two courses numbered 100 or above in the College of Liberal Arts. 

Students must also satisfy the requirements of the University Core Curriculum program under which they entered. 

The detailed explanations of the College of Science and Technology's credit hour requirements appear in the paragraphs that follow. 

The B.A. and the B.S. degrees both require a minimum of 123 credit hours, distributed according to University and College policy outlined below, with at least a 2.0 cumulative grade point average (GPA). A minimum 2.0 GPA must also be maintained in CST and CLA courses and in the major department. 

To earn a CST baccalaureate degree, a student must complete a minimum of 90 semester hours in CST or CLA courses (taken either at Temple University or in equivalent transfer credit). 

A course shall be classified as a CST or CLA course if it is listed in the CST or CLA course description section of the Temple University Undergraduate Course Descriptions or if it is in the department of Economics. 

A student with an intercollegial or interdisciplinary studies major can obtain information concerning the minimum number of semester hours in CST or CLA courses required for graduation from his or her major adviser and from the description of the major found in this Bulletin. 

These credit hour requirements apply to students who matriculated during or after the fall semester 1995. 

A maximum of nine semester hours in preparatory courses (courses numbered 0001-0049) may be applied to any baccalaureate degree. Semester hours earned in Mathematics 0015 (formerly Math 0001), military science, and RCC-Enhanced are not credited toward the minimum semester hours required for graduation. 

Bachelor of Science Requirements

Core. In addition to the requirements above, Bachelor of Science candidates must complete the University Core Curriculum in effect at the time of their matriculation. 

Major. They must also complete the requirements of a departmental major. B.S. majors are offered the following programs: 

Biochemistry 
Biology 
Biophysics 
Chemistry 
Computer and Information Sciences 
Geology 
Mathematics 
Mathematics and Physics 
Physics 

Minor or Additional Specialization. Students pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree may also choose to fulfill the requirements of a second Major, Minor, or Additional Specialization. See below under Special Major and Minor Requirements.

Bachelor of Arts Requirements

Core. Bachelor of Arts candidates must complete the University Core requirements in effect at the time of their matriculation with the following difference: For the Core Language or International Studies requirement, candidates for the B.A. degree are required by the College to complete both an International Studies and a Language requirement. 

(a) by completing the third semester of a language (course number C061, except in Critical Languages) and one international studies course or 
(b) by completing the second semester of a language (course number 0052, except in Critical Languages) and two international studies courses, at least one of which must be "Third World/Non-Western." 

Upper level distribution requirements. B.A. students must complete upper level distribution requirements by taking two upper level courses in one or more departments of the College of Liberal Arts or the Department of Economics. 

Students who have double majors, one of which is in CLA or Economics, automatically satisfy the distribution requirement. 

Major. Bachelor of Arts candidates must complete the requirements of a major. The minimum acceptable grade in a course taken to fulfill major requirements is a C-. Students are encouraged to declare their major by the end of the freshman year; forms for this purpose are available in the Office of Undergraduate Advising in Barton Hall. B.A. majors are offered in the following programs: 

Biology 
Chemistry 
Computer and Information Sciences 
Earth Science (see Geology) 
Mathematics 
Mathematical Economics 
Physics 

Placement Tests

All new freshmen must take diagnostic English and mathematics placement tests. Transfer students who have not completed English C050 or its equivalent are also required to take placement tests, and it is recommended that those who have not taken a calculus course do so also. The results of these tests determine if students are required to enroll in preparatory composition and mathematics courses. Students assigned to English 0040/0041 must register each semester for that course until the requirement is completed. Only upon successful completion of English 0040/0041 can such students enroll in English C050/C051. Students assigned to courses designed to remedy deficiencies in mathematics are required to complete those courses before enrolling in the mathematics component of the University Core. Incoming students must also take a foreign language placement examination if they plan to continue a language previously studied, or if they wish to place out of a foreign language requirement. 

Special Major and Minor Requirements

Interdisciplinary Studies Major. Rather than major in an existing department or program, students may apply for a major in Interdisciplinary Studies. The proposed major should consist of courses totaling at least 36 semester hours, and be justified in terms of some thematic unit of cohesive rationale. The program should not closely resemble any major currently available in the College of Science and Technology, or any other Temple University program. 

The proposed major program may include courses outside of the Colleges of Science and Technology and Liberal Arts, but at least 24 semester hours must be in upper level Science and Technology or Liberal Arts courses. The student's proposal must be sponsored by two faculty members from different departments, at least one from the College of Science and Technology. 

Approval for the program must be obtained from the Office of Undergraduate Advising prior to the initiation of the last 60 semester hours of the degree. 

Honors Interdisciplinary Studies Major. Students in the University Honors Program may apply for a College of Science and Technology Honors Interdisciplinary Major. They must complete the degree requirements of the B.A. in the College of Science and Technology and the requirements for the Interdisciplinary Major described above as well as the requirements for the University Honors Program. Approval for this program must also be obtained from the University Honors Committee prior to the initiation of the last 60 semester hours of the degree. 

In addition, the proposed Major Program should include submission of an acceptable Honors Thesis to the University Honors Steering Committee. 

Minor. Students may also choose to complete the requirements for a minor. The minimum acceptable grade in a course taken to fulfill minor requirements is C-. The minimum GPA for all CST minors is 2.0. This requirement is superseded in any specific minor program that requires some higher GPA. At least half of the courses taken by a student to fulfill the minor must be taken at Temple. Forms for declaring a minor are available in the following programs: 

Biology 
Cognitive Neuroscience (see Psychology) 
Computer and Information Sciences 
Mathematics 
Mathematical Economics 
Physics 

Double Major. Students may complete a double major by fulfilling all requirements for both majors, including at least four discrete courses in each. 

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Program Descriptions

The following is information about programs and majors offered in College of Science and Technology. Listed under each degree program are the courses students must successfully complete to earn that particular B.A. or B.S. degree. These required courses are in addition to the University Core Curriculum requirements and the College's requirements. See Core Curriculum and Requirements for the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) and Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Degrees. 

Biochemistry
Biology 
Biophysics
Chemistry
Computer and Information Sciences
Environmental Studies
Geology
Mathematics
Physics

Biochemistry

Frank Chang and Trevor Douglas, Advisers 
(215) 204-8843/7916 

B.S. Major Requirements

The Biochemistry Concentration consists of fundamental biology and chemistry courses plus biochemistry lecture and laboratory courses: Chemistry 0371/Biology 0375 (Biochemistry - Structure and Function), Biology 0376/Chemistry 0372 (Biochemistry - Metabolism), and Biology 0344 (Research Techniques in Biochemistry). 

Freshman Year

1st Semester

Chemistry C071 and C073 General Chemistry 
or Chemistry C081, C083 General Chemical Science I 
or Chemistry H091, H093 Honors General Chemistry 
Mathematics C085* Calculus I 

2nd Semester

Chemistry C072, C074 General Chemistry II 
or Chemistry C082, General Chemical Science II 
or Chemistry H092, Honors General Chemistry II 
Mathematics 0086* Calculus II 
*Mathematics C075 (Calculus with Applications I) and Mathematics 0076 (Calculus with Applications II) are acceptable but not preferred. 

Sophomore Year

1st Semester

Chemistry 0121 and 0123 Organic Chemistry 
Biology 0103 Introduction to Biology 
Physics 0121 General Physics I, 
or Physics C087 Elementary Classical Physics I 

2nd Semester

Chemistry 0122 and 0124 Organic Chemistry 
Physics 0122 General Physics II, 
or Physics C088 Elementary Classical Physics II 

Junior Year

1st Semester

Biology W204 Cell Structure and Function 
Chemistry 0213 Techniques of Chemical Measurement 
Chemistry 0231 Physical Chemistry Lecture 

2nd Semester

Biology 0203 Genetics 
Chemistry 0371 or Biology 0375 Biochemistry - Structure and Function 
Biochemistry electives ** 

Senior Year

1st Semester

Biology 0376 or Chemistry 0372 Biochemistry - Metabolism 
Biology 0324 Molecular Biology 
Biochemistry electives ** 

2nd Semester

Biology 0344 Research Techniques in Biochemistry 
Biochemistry electives ** 
**Biochemistry electives: Students are required to take three advanced biochemistry electives selected from the following list: 

Biology

0234 Mammalian Physiology 
0265 Embryology 
0317 General Microbiology 
0320 Human Genetics 
0325 Research Techniques in Molecular Biology 
0352 Neurobiology 
0363 Genetic Control of Mammalian Development 
0364 Biochemical Embryology 
0367 Endocrinology 
0371 Cell Proliferation 
0374 Physical Biochemistry 
0381 Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics 
0385 Contemporary Biology 

Chemistry: 

W314 Techniques of Chemical Measurement II 
0232 Physical Chemistry II 
0301 Inorganic Chemistry 
0321 Advanced Organic Chemistry I 
0374 Physical Biochemistry 

Mathematics:

0127 Calculus III 

Other courses may be acceptable with the concurrence of one of the biochemistry advisers. 

Biology

Shepherd K. Roberts, Adviser 
(215) 204-8854 

B.A. Major Requirements

Freshman Year

Chemistry C071/C073-C072/C074 (General) and Mathematics C075-0076 or C085-0086 (Calculus). Students have the option of taking Biology 0104 after successful completion of Chemistry C071/C073. 

Sophomore Year

Biology 0103-0104 (Introduction to Biology). The prerequisite for this sequence is the full year of General Chemistry . Chemistry 0121/0123-0122/0124 (Organic) is normally completed in this year. 

Junior Year

Biology 0203 (Genetics) and Biology 0204 (Cell Structure and Function). The prerequisites for Biology 0203 are Biology 0103-0104 and Chemistry 0121. Biology 0204 has a prerequisite of the full year of Organic Chemistry, and a co-requisite of Physics 0121. 

Senior Year

Four biology electives above the 0204 level. If the student has taken the necessary prerequisite courses, some of the biology elective courses may be taken before the senior year. Graduate level courses, described in the Graduate Bulletin, are available with special permission. 

B.S. Major Requirements

Same required courses for the first three years of the B.A. program (see above). In addition, seven elective courses above the 0204 level, of which five must be in the Biology Department. As many as two courses may be taken from the following: Statistics 0278; Mathematics 0117 or 0127; Chemistry 0231 and 0232; Physics 0161 and 0221; Electrical Engineering Technology 0104 and 0176. 

Students interested in a specific area of biology may select their electives from one of the following areas: 1. Cell and Developmental Biology; 2. Genetics and Molecular Biology; 3. Neurobiology and Behavior; 4. Biology of Organisms. 

Students wishing a broader exposure to biology may choose electives from any of the areas. Additional information is available in the Biology Department Office or from biology advisers. 

Minor Requirements

Students interested in acquiring basic knowledge in biology but not wishing to major in the subject may pursue a minor by taking Biology 0103-0104 (Introduction to Biology) plus three biology electives at the 0200 level or above; At least one of these electives must be a course with laboratory. Biology 0203 (Genetics) and 0204 (Cell Structure and Function) may be substituted for two of the three electives. (Minimum of 18 credits) 

Distinction in Major

Students interested in laboratory research are encouraged to participate in the Biology Research Program. Distinction in Biology is awarded on the basis of independent laboratory projects conducted under the supervision of a faculty member. Admission to the program is by application to the Biology Department during the first semester of the junior year. Completion of this Program will substitute for one Biology Elective course. 

Concentration in Neuroscience

Undergraduate students with an interest in Neuroscience are admitted to the Neuroscience Program after declaration of a major in biology or psychology. Upon successful completion of their departmental and Neuroscience Program requirements, students receive a bachelor's degree with a Specialization in Neuroscience. 

Neuroscience Program Requirements

1. Completion of  three Neuroscience courses with a grade of B or better. 
2. One year of Neuroscience research with a faculty member of the Neuroscience Program, with public and written presentation of the results. The written presentation must be approved by two faculty members in the Neuroscience Program. 

Undergraduate Neuroscience Courses

Biology:
0304 Neurophysiological Techniques 
0315 Behavioral and Neural Genetics 
0354 Neural Basis of Behavior 
0356 Organization and Development of the Nervous System 
0381 Membrane Biophysics and Biochemistry 

Communication Science
0235 Introduction to Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology 

Philosophy:
0444 Philosophy of Mind 

Psychology:
0103 Brain-Behavior Relationships 
0104 Introduction to Cognitive Neuroscience 
0275 Research Methods in Behavioral Neuroscience 
 

Elective Courses in Specific Areas

*Some electives are listed under two separate areas because their content is relevant to both. 

Information on courses added to or removed from the list of elective courses in specific areas is available from the Biology Department Office or from Biology advisers. 

Biology of Organisms

0227 Principles of Ecology 
0233 Mammalian Anatomy 
0234 Mammalian Physiology 
0235 Histology 
0236 Fresh Water Ecology 
0237 Marine Environments 
0241 Invertebrate Biology 
0245 Marine Biology 
0254 Animal Behavior 
0265 Embryology 
0310 Evolution 
0317 General Microbiology 
0367 Endocrinology 
0370 Comparative Animal Physiology 

Neurobiology and Behavior

0234 Mammalian Physiology 
0254 Animal Behavior 
0304 Research Techniques in Neurobiology 
0315 Behavioral and Neural Genetics 
0340 Advanced Invertebrate Biology 
0352 Neurobiology 
0354 Neurological Basis of Animal Behavior 
0356 Organization and Development of the Nervous System 

Cell and Developmental Biology

0235 Histology 
0265 Embryology 
0324 Molecular Biology 
0329 Developmental Genetics 
0330 Cell Biology 
0333 Advanced Techniques in Microscopy 
0340 Advanced Invertebrate Biology 
0356 Organization and Development of the Nervous System 
0363 Genetic Control of Mammalian Development 
0364 Biochemical Embryology 
0365 Mammalian Development 
0371 Cell Proliferation 
0381 Membrane Biophysics 
0384 Organogenesis 
0808 Electron Microscopy 

Genetics and Molecular Biology

0315 Behavioral and Neural Genetics
0320 Human Genetics 
0324 Molecular Biology 
0325 Research Techniques in Molecular Biology 
0329 Developmental Genetics 
0330 Cell Biology 
0363 Genetic Control of Mammalian Development 
0365 Mammalian Development 
0374 Physical Biochemistry 
0375 Biochemistry I 
0376 Biochemistry II 

Biophysics

Donald Neville, Adviser
(215) 204-7657 

Mathematics 
C085, C086, and 0127, or equivalent three semester sequence in calculus

Physics 
C087-C088 or  0121-0122 Introductory Classical Physics I and II. 
0184 Mathematical Physics, with Mathematica laboratory 
0187-0187L Electricity and Magnetism, with laboratory 
0188-0188L Introduction to Modern Physics, with laboratory 
0231* Thermodynamics 

(* indicates a three semester hour course; all unstarred courses listed are 4 semester hours.) 

Biology 
0103 Introduction to Biology I (corequisite: Chemistry 0121 Organic Chemistry I) 
0203 Genetics (prerequisite: Chemistry 0121-0122, Biology 0103, and permission of instructor) 
W204 Cell Structure 

Chemistry
C071-C072 (Laboratories C073-C074) General Chemistry I-II 
0121-0122 ( Laboratories 0123-0124) Organic Chemistry I-II 

Electives 
Four courses, all at the 0200-level or above chosen from electives in Physics, Neurobiology, Physiology, Genetics, Cell Structure, Biophysics, Biochemistry, and Physical Chemistry. At least two of these elective courses must be in Physics. 

Biophysics majors who plan to do graduate Biophysics in a Physics department should choose Physics 0201, 0211, W215, and 0306; and should try to complete as much of the standard BS program in physics as time allows. 

Students planning to go to medical school should complete Biology 0104 (Introduction to Biology II). 

Chemistry

Susan Jansen, Director of Undergraduate Programs 
(215) 204-1470 

All prospective majors should schedule an advisery appointment with the Department to plan a program of study as early in their Temple careers as possible. The recommended order of courses is given below; a different order is acceptable as long as the student adheres to prerequisite requirements. With the appropriate selection of electives, the B.S. degree is accredited by the American Chemical Society*. 

B.A. Major Requirements

Freshman Year

1st Semester

Chemistry C071, C073 General Chemistry I 
or Chemistry C081, C083 General Chemical Science I 
or Chemistry H091, H093 Honors General Chemistry 
Mathematics C085 Calculus 
or Mathematics C075 Calculus with Applications I 
or Mathematics H095 Honors Calculus I 

2nd Semester

Chemistry C072, C074 General Chemistry II 
or Chemistry C082, General Chemical Science II 
or Chemistry H092, Honors General Chemistry II 
Mathematics C086 Calculus II 
or Mathematics. C076 Calculus with Applications II 
or Mathematics H096 Honors Calculus II 

Sophomore Year 

1st Semester

Chemistry 0121, 0123 Organic Chemistry I 
or Chemistry 0181, Organic Chemistry for Majors I 
or Chemistry H191, H193 Organic Chemistry for Honors I 
Mathematics 0127 Calculus III 
or Mathematics 0117 Elementary Calculus with Applications III 
or Mathematics 0251 Differential Equations 
or CIS C059 FORTRAN 
Physics C087 Elementary Classical Physics I 
or Physics 0121 General Physics I 

2nd Semester

Chemistry 0122, 0124 Organic Chemistry II 

or Chemistry 0182, 0184 Organic Chemistry for Majors II 
or Chemistry H192, H194 Organic Chemistry for Honors II 
Chemistry. 0129** Intro. To Chemistry Research Techniques
Physics C088 Elementary Classical Physics II 
or Physics 0122 General Physics II 

Junior Year 

1st Semester

Chemistry 0231 Physical Chemistry Lecture I 
Chemistry 0213 Techniques Of Chemical Measurement I 

2nd Semester

Chemistry 0232 Physical Chemistry Lecture II 

Senior Year

1st Semester

Advanced Chemistry Course *** 

2nd Semester

Advanced Science Course **** 
Writing Capstone Course ***** 

B.S. Major Requirements

Freshman Year 

1st Semester

Chemistry C071, C073 General Chemistry I 
or Chemistry C081, C083 General Chemical Science I 
or Chemistry H091, H093 Honors General Chemistry I 
Mathematics C085 Calculus I 
or Mathematics C075 Calculus with Applications I 
or Mathematics H095 Honors Calculus I 

2nd Semester

Chemistry C072, C074 General Chemistry II 
or Chemistry C082, C084 General Chemical Science II 
or Chemistry H092, H094 Honors General Chemistry II 
Mathematics C086 Calculus II 
or Mathematics C076 Calculus with Applications II 
or Mathematics H096 Honors Calculus II 

Sophomore Year 

1st Semester

Chemistry 0121, 0123 Organic Chemistry I 
or Chemistry 0181, 0183 Organic Chemistry for Majors I 
or Chemistry H191, H193 Organic Chemistry for Honors I 
Mathematics 0127 Calculus III 
or Mathematics 0117 Elem. Calculus with Applications III 
or Mathematics 0251 Differential Equations 
or CIS C059* FORTRAN 
Physics C087 Elementary Classical Physics I 
or Physics 0121 General Physics I 

2nd Semester

Chemistry 0122, 0124 Organic Chemistry II 
or Chemistry 0182, 0184 Organic Chemistry for Majors II 
or Chemistry H192, H194 Organic Chemistry for Honors II 
Chemistry 0129 ** Intro. to Chemistry Research Techniques 
Physics C088 Elementary Classical Physics II 
or Physics 0122 General Physics II 

Junior Year 

1st Semester

Chemistry 0231 Physical Chemistry Lecture I 
Chemistry 0213 Techniques of Chem. Measurement I 

2nd Semester

Chemistry 0232 Physical Chemistry Lecture II 
Chemistry W237 Physical Chemistry Laboratory 

Senior Year 

1st Semester

Chemistry 0301 Inorganic Chemistry 
Advanced Chemistry Course*** 
Advanced Science Course **** 

2nd Semester

Chemistry W314 Techniques of Chem. Measurement II 
Advanced Chemistry Course *** 
Advanced Science Course **** 

*In order for the B.S. degree to be accredited by the American Chemical Society, the student must include among the Advanced Chemistry and Advanced Science courses at least three of the following chemistry courses: 0293 Undergraduate Research, 0307 Inorganic Synthesis, 0308 Solid State Analysis, 0313 Instrumental Design, 0327 Advanced Organic Preparations, and 0328 Qualitative Organic Analysis. Although CIS C059 is acceptable as an option for the B.S. degree, one of the calculus options (Mathematics 0117, 0127, or 0251) must be chosen if the degree is to be accredited by the ACS. 

**Chemistry 0129 is a pre- or co-requisite for all laboratory courses numbered 0200 and above, i.e., courses numbered with last digit equal to 3, 4, 7, or 8. 

***Advanced Chemistry Courses consist of all courses in Chemistry having a number of 0301 or higher. If the student has successfully completed the appropriate prerequisite courses, graduate courses in Chemistry may be included in this category. 

****Advanced Science courses consist of Chemistry 0283 or 0293 (only one of these may be counted as an advanced science course), and all other Chemistry courses numbered 0301 and above; Biology 0203, 0204, 0220, 0234, 0265, and above; Physics 0183, 0184, 0187, 0188, 0201, 0202, 0211, 0221, 0231, and above; Geology 0200 and above; Math 0147, 0205, 0233, 0247, and above (if Math 0251 has been selected as an option in place of Calculus III, it cannot count also as an Advanced Science course). 

*****Although neither Chemistry W237 or Chemistry W314 is required as part of the B.A. degree program, at least one of the two must be taken in order to satisfy the Core requirement for a capstone writing intensive course in the major. If Chemistry W237 is selected it may also count as the B.A. student's Advanced Science course; if Chemistry W314 is selected, it may count as the B.A. student's Advanced Chemistry or Advanced Science course. 

Five-year Master's Program

Chemistry majors in their junior year may apply for admission to the fifth year M.A. Program. Upon admission to the program and satisfactory completion of the program requirements, the student is assured of having a master's degree at the end of the fifth year. Interested students should contact their adviser for details. 

Computer and Information Sciences

Billie Stevens, Adviser 
(215) 204-8450 

The Department of Computer and Information Sciences offers undergraduate degree programs in FSBM and CST. See Computer and Information Sciences in the Fox School of Business and Management programs for a description of the Bachelor of Business Administration program. 

It is recommended that students with an interest in mathematics or who plan to go to Graduate School, take Mathematics C085 and 0086, instead of Mathematics C075 and 0076. (This pertains to both B.A. and B.S. degrees.) 

B.A. Major Requirements

CIS 0067 Program Design and Abstraction, 
CIS 0068 Data Structures, 
CIS 0066 and 0166 Mathematical Concepts in Computing I and II, 
CIS 0072 Computer System and Low-Level Programming, 

Two semesters of calculus
Mathematics C075 and 0076, or C085 and 0086 

Two semester sequence of a lab science
CIS 0207 Introduction to Systems Programming and Operating Systems, 
CIS 0223 Data Structures and Algorithms, 
CIS 0307 Operating Systems, 
W338 Software Engineering. 

One theoretically oriented course
Mathematics 0147 or 0233, 
Philosophy 0211, 
CIS 0211 or 0242. 

B.S. Major Requirements
CIS 0067 Program Design and Abstraction, 
CIS 0068 Data Structures, 
CIS 0066 and 0166 Mathematical Concepts in Computing I and II, 
CIS 0072 Computer System and Low-Level Programming, 

Two semesters of calculus
Mathematics C075 and 0076, or C085 and 0086 

Two semester sequence of a lab science
CIS 0207 Introduction to Systems Programming and Operating Systems, 
CIS 0223 Data Structures and Algorithms, 
CIS 0307 Operating Systems, 
CIS W338 Software Engineering, 
CIS 0339 Projects in Computer Science. 

One theoretically oriented course
Mathematics 0147 or 0233, 
Philosophy 0211, CIS 0211 or 0242; 

Eight credit hours of additional Computer and Information Sciences courses at the upper level numbered 0100 and above selected in consultation with an academic adviser. 

Minor Requirements

Students desiring a minor in Computer and Information Sciences are required to satisfy the following: 

Mathematics C075-0076 or C085-0086 (Calculus) 
CIS 0066 (Mathematical Concepts in Computing I) or Mathematics 0141 (Basic Mathematical Concepts) 
CIS 0067 (Program Design and Abstraction) 
CIS 0068 (Data Structures) 
CIS 0072 (Computer Systems and Low-Level Programming) 
CIS 0166 (Mathematical Concepts in Computing II) or Mathematics 0205 (Modern Algebra) 
CIS 0207 (Introduction to Systems Programming and Operating Systems) 
CIS 0223 (Data Structures and Algorithms) 

Environmental Studies

Robert J. Mason, Director
(215) 204-5918
rmason@nimbus.temple.edu
Website: http://www.temple.edu/env-stud

Students will be equipped with the scholarly background and intellectual Skills to understand a wide range of pressing environmental issues, and they will come to appreciate the physical, economic, political, demographic, and ethical factors that define those issues. Among the many environmental problems central to our program are groundwater contamination, suburban sprawl, river basin management, and the greening of abandoned urban spaces.

Offered jointly by the College of Liberal Arts and College of Science and Technology, Environmental Studies includes both B.A. and B.S. options. A Minor also is offered and a Certificate of Completion is an option for those already holding an undergraduate degree in a different field.

The program and its requirements are described in full in the "Intercollegial Programs" section of this Bulletin.


Geology

Gene C. Ulmer, Adviser 
(215) 204-7171 

The Department of Geology offers two different undergraduate programs, one leading to the B.S. in Geology and the other leading to the B.A. in Earth Science. 

The B.S. program prepares students for immediate entry into a career in geology or for graduate studies. Career opportunities for geologists in industry and government include environmental planning, evaluation of waste disposal sites, groundwater monitoring, and exploration for natural resources. The B.S. program is excellent preparation for graduate study and ultimately for a career in research, teaching, industry, or government. 

The B.A. program is not intended for prospective geologists, but for liberal arts students who wish to concentrate in geology. The B.A. program is suitable for pre-medicine or pre-law students, or for students planning to teach earth science in secondary school. 

Note: A departmental field trip for undergraduates, graduates, and faculty will be conducted during the fall semester

B.A. in Earth Science 

Major Requirements
Geology C050 
Mathematics C055, C075, or C085 
Chemistry C061-C063 or C071-C073 
Four of the following: Geology 0201, 0211, 0212, 0210, 0261, 0381 
Five additional courses, selected from the following list: (No more than three selections should be from any one department. At least three selections must be from the 0100 level or above. Alternative courses may be selected with approval of the adviser.) 
Geography 0254, 0260, 0262 
Biology C083, C084, 0237, 0241 
Chemistry C062 (with lab), C072 (with lab), 0121 (with lab), 0122 (with lab) 
Physics 0068, C087, 0121, 0122 
Anthropology 0124, 0125, 0248, 0280 

B.S. in Geology

Major Requirements
Geology C050 
Mathematics C075-0076 or C085-0086 
Chemistry C071-C072 and C073-C074 
Physics C087-C088 or 0121-0122 
Geology 0201-0202 or 0261 
Geology 0211-0212 
Geology 0301-W302 
Geology 0352 or a summer field course of five to eight weeks duration. 
Three additional upper level courses in science or mathematics. At least one of these must be in a discipline other than geology. One of these may be selected from graduate level courses in Geology with the permission of the instructor. 

Senior Research Project

Students whose cumulative GPA is at least 3.25 at the end of the first semester of their junior year are eligible to undertake a senior research project. In the second semester of their junior year, students must select a faculty research adviser and, with the adviser, prepare a written research proposal. After approval of the proposal by the research adviser and the Chair of the Undergraduate Committee of the Department, the student may register for three hours of Geology 0293-0294 (Individual Study Program), in the summer and each semester of the senior year (up to a total of nine hours), to carry out the research project. Normally, the project will involve field or laboratory work in the summer between the junior and senior years and lead to presentation of the results at a departmental seminar at the end of the senior year. 

Distinction in Major

To graduate with Distinction in Major, students are required to achieve a 3.5 GPA for the aggregate of courses required for the B.S. in Geology or the B.A. in Earth Science. 

Mathematics

Boris Datskovsky, Director of Undergraduate Studies 
(215) 204-7847 
ugrd@math.temple.edu

Mathematics majors may select either the Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) program, which includes foreign language study, or the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) program, which has a higher concentration of mathematics and science courses. Either program is suitable preparation for graduate study in mathematics. The B.S. program can be combined with the department's M.A. program, leading to the M.A. degree after five years of study. 

The department offers a joint program with the Department of Physics leading to the B.S. degree, and a joint program with the Department of Economics leading to the B.A. degree. Students in the regular mathematics B.S. program can elect the applied track, with specialization in either Physics, Computer and Information Sciences, or Applied Science. Students who plan careers as secondary school mathematics teachers may choose to take a five year interdisciplinary program, offered jointly with the College of Education, that leads to a bachelor's degree in mathematics, teaching certification, and a Master's degree in Education. 

Common Requirements

The following courses are required for all degree programs except the B.A. program in Mathematical Economics. All must be passed with a grade of C- or better (except for C085 and 0086 for which a C or better is required). 

Three semesters of calculus (Mathematics C085, 0086, 0127). One semester of computer programming (Computer and Information Sciences C059 or C061 or C071 or Physics 0161). 

W141* Basic Mathematical Concepts 
0147 Linear Algebra 
0233 Introduction to Probability 
0247-0248 Advanced Calculus I, II 
0253 Numerical Analysis I 
0347 Introduction to Functions of a Complex Variable 

* No credit will be given for Mathematics W141 if it is taken after either Mathematics W205 or Mathematics 0247. Students who complete either of these courses before taking Mathematics W141 are required to take an additional course in mathematics above the 0200 level in place of Mathematics W141. 

B.A. Major Requirements

In addition to the common requirements, the following courses are required for the B.A. program in mathematics. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or better. 

W205 Modern Algebra 
W363 Senior Problem Solving 

Two additional courses selected from the following: 

Computer and Information Sciences 0067, 0068, 0072, or 0223; 
Physics 0187, 0188, 0201, 0211, or 0306; 
Additional Mathematics courses at the 0200 level or above; 
Economics 0241, 0283**; 
Actuarial Science 0101, 0305, or 0306; 
Chemistry 0231, 0232. 
**Mathematics 0227 and Economics 0283 cannot both be counted for credit for the major. 

B.S. Major Requirements

In addition to the common requirements, all students desiring a B.S. in Mathematics must complete the following courses with a grade of C - or better. 

0227 Mathematical Computer Programming 
0251 Ordinary Differential Equations I 
W363 Senior Problem Solving 
One additional Mathematics course numbered 0200 or above. 
Physics C087-C088 (Elementary Classical Physics I, II) 
They must also complete one of the following four tracks: 

Traditional Track 
W205 Modern Algebra 
0417 Concepts of Analysis 
One additional Mathematics course numbered 0200 or above. 
One additional Mathematics course numbered 0300 or above. 

Three additional courses selected from the following list: 

Physics 0187 and 0188 
Computer and Information Sciences 0067, 0068, 0072, or W223; 
Economics 0241, Actuarial Science 0101, 0305, or 0306; 
Chemistry 0231, 0232; 
Other Physics, Computer and Information Science, or Engineering courses, approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. 

Physics Applied Track

The student must take Mathematics 0351 and complete a minor in Physics. Physics 0184 may be substituted for Mathematics 0351 but in this case it may not be used in completing the Physics minor. 

Computer and Information Sciences Applied Track

Mathematics 
W205 Modern Algebra 
Computer and Information Sciences 
0067 Program Design and Abstraction 
0072 Computer Systems and Low-Level Programming
0207 Introduction to Systems Programming and Operating Systems 
W223 Data Structures and Algorithms 
Two additional Computer and Information Sciences courses at the 0200 level or above. 

Applied Science Track

The student is required to complete the requirements for the minor in Applied Science for Mathematics majors, offered by the College of Engineering, and to take either Mathematics 0254 (Numerical Analysis II) or Mathematics 0350 (Applied Mathematics). 

Interdisciplinary B.S. Degree in Mathematics and Physics

In addition to the common requirements, the student is required to complete, with a grade of C- or better, Mathematics W205 (Modern Algebra), Mathematics 0251 (Differential Equations I), Mathematics 0351*** and the following physics courses: 

Physics 

C087-C088 Elementary Classical Physics I, II 
0161 Computing for Scientists 
0171 Optics 
0187 Electricity and Magnetism 
0188 Introduction to Modern Physics 
0201 Classical Mechanics 
0202 Analytical Mechanics 
0211 Classical Electromagnetism 
W215 Experimental Physics 
0231 Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory 
0306 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 
*** Physics 0184 (Mathematical Physics) may be substituted for Mathematics 0351 

The Combined B.S./M.A. Program

To participate in this five-year program, a Mathematics major should be enrolled in the traditional track Mathematics B.S. program. Application to continue in the M.A. program is made to the Graduate Chair of the department no later than the second semester of the junior year, preferably when the student has earned between 70 and 90 credit hours. To be accepted by the M.A. program, a student must have a GPA of at least 3.25 in Mathematics courses when the application is made. 

B.S. Course Requirements

In the first four years of study, the student should complete the common requirements, and the following additional courses. 

Physics 

C087-C088 (Elementary Classical Physics I, II) 

Mathematics 

W205 Modern Algebra 
0227 Mathematical Computer Programming I 
0251 Ordinary Differential Equations I 
0363 Senior Problem Solving 
0417 Concepts of Analysis 
four additional graduate level mathematics courses (numbered 0400 and above). 

Two additional courses, selected from the following list: 
Physics 0187, 0188, 
Computer and Information Science 0067, 0068, 0072, or 0223; 
Economics 0241; 
Actuarial Science 0101, 0305, or 0306; 
Chemistry 0231, 0232; 

Other Physics, Computer and Information Science, or Engineering courses, approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies. 

If the Core requirements have also been met, the student will be awarded the B.S. degree at the conclusion of this portion of the program. All courses must be passed with a grade of C- or better. 

Fifth Year Course Requirements

The student will take a total of six graduate level courses, numbered 0500 or above, or selected from the following list: 

0414 Numerical Analysis 
0461 Ordinary Differential Equations 

Examination Requirement

At the end of the fifth year, the student must either write and defend a master's thesis or pass one of the following examinations: 
Master's Comprehensive Examination in Pure Mathematics 
Master's Comprehensive Examination in Applied Mathematics 
Ph.D. Combined Comprehensive Examination (M.A. level pass) 

For further details on the M.A. degree requirement see the Graduate Bulletin

Minor Requirements

Three semesters of calculus (Mathematics C085, 0086, and 0127). 
One semester of computer programming (Computer and Information Sciences C059 or C061 or 0071 or Physics 0161). 
Linear algebra (Mathematics 0147). 
Five additional mathematics courses numbered 0200 or above; or Mathematics W141 and four mathematics courses numbered 0200 or above. 

Distinction in Mathematics

A student who wishes to graduate with Distinction in Mathematics should apply to the Director of Undergraduate Studies no later than the second semester of the junior year. The following requirements must be met: 

1. All requirements for the B.A. or B.S. degree in Mathematics must be met with a GPA of at least 3.50 in the Mathematics courses. 

2. At the time of graduation, the student's overall GPA, including all college level courses must be at least 3.25. 

3. The student must either give a 30 minute talk to the Mathematics Majors Association - with an audience including at least three faculty members - on a topic not part of his or her course of study; or pass a graduate course numbered 0500 or above with a grade of at least B-, and have the instructor of that course write a supporting letter. If the first option is selected, the faculty attending the talk should reach consensus on whether or not the talk merits distinction, and inform the Director of Undergraduate Studies of their decision; and in the case of the second option, the instructor of the graduate course should communicate a verbal evaluation of the student's performance to the Director of Undergraduate Studies. 

4. The Mathematics Department Executive committee will review all applications for graduation with Distinction in Mathematics, and forward its recommendations to the Dean of the College of Science and Technology. 

Physics

Donald Neville, Adviser 
(215) 204-8479 

The Physics Department offers B.A. and B.S. degree programs, both of which provide excellent preparation for graduate studies. The B.S. program provides for a broadening of the more applied aspects of a student's training and is recommended particularly for those intending to enter industry with a bachelor's degree. Both the B.S. and the B.A. program are an option for those planning careers in the medical or life sciences. 

B.A. Major Requirements

An introductory sequence in Classical Physics with Calculus (Physics C087-C088, or 0121-0122, or C081-C082). Three terms of Calculus (Mathematics C085-0086, and 0127, or equivalents). 

Intermediate level courses in Optics (0171), Mathematical Physics (0184), Electricity and Magnetism (0187), and Introduction to Modern Physics (0188), and the corresponding labs (0187L, 0188L). 

Advanced level courses in Mechanics (0201-0202), Electromagnetism (0211), Experimental Physics (0215), and Thermodynamics (0231). 

In addition, one course chosen from Electronics (0221), Computing for Scientists (0161), and Quantum Mechanics (0306). Students planning to go to graduate school in Physics are strongly urged to take Physics 0306 and Physics 0321 or 0341. 

BS Major Requirements

The student must complete the following courses with a grade of C- or better. 

Physics C087-C088; or equivalent introductory sequence in Classical Physics with calculus (Physics 0121-0122, or C081-C082) 
Mathematics C085, C086, and 0127; or equivalent three semester sequence in calculus 
Physics 0161 Computing for Scientists 
Physics 0187 Electricity and Magnetism; with laboratory 0187L 
Physics 0188 Introduction to Modern Physics; with laboratory 0188L 
Physics 0184 Mathematical Physics 
Physics 0201 Mechanics 
Physics 0231 Thermodynamics 
Physics W215 Experimental Physics 
Physics 0306 Quantum Mechanics. 

In addition, the student must complete one of the following two tracks. 

Physics standard track

Mathematics 0251 Ordinary Differential Equations 
Physics 0171 Optics 
Physics 0202 Analytical Mechanics 
Physics 0211 Electromagnetism 
Any two of the following three courses: 
Physics 0221 Electronics 
Physics 0321 Introduction to Solid State Physics 
Physics 0341 Introduction to Atomic, Nuclear, and Particle Physics 

Two courses in Biology, Chemistry, Engineering, Geology, Mathematics, or Advanced Physics, chosen in consultation with the Undergraduate Physics Adviser. 

Applied Physics: digital electronics track

EE 0256 Digital Circuits I; with laboratory EE 0257 
EE 0235 Microprocessors 
One course chosen from 
EE 0335 Advanced Microprocessors 
EE 0254 Electronics; with laboratory EE 0255 
EE 0355 Microelectronics 
Two additional physics courses at the 0100 level or above, chosen with the consent of the physics adviser. One additional mathematics course, chosen from 
Mathematics 0251 Ordinary Differential Equations 
Mathematics 0147 Linear Algebra. 

Students planning to follow this track should consider taking Physics 0221 (Electronics) immediately after completing a year of introductory physics. See the Undergraduate Physics Adviser for details. Students planning to go to graduate school are strongly urged to take Physics 0211 (Electromagnetism) and Physics 0202 or 0321 or 0341. 

Interdisciplinary B.S. Degree in Mathematics and Physics

The Physics requirements for this degree are the same as the requirements for the Physics standard track, except omit Physics 0221, 0321, and 0341. The Mathematics requirements for the interdisciplinary degree are those listed in the Mathematics section under the heading "common requirements," plus Mathematics W205 (Modern Algebra). It is possible to substitute certain advanced Mathematics electives for Physics 0184. See the Undergraduate Physics Adviser for more details on this program. 

Minor Requirements

Students wishing to minor in Physics should take eight semester hours of introductory Physics with laboratory (Physics C087-C088 or equivalent), Electricity and Magnetism with laboratory (Physics 0187 and 0187L) or Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields and Waves (Electrical Engineering 0220), Introduction to Modern Physics with laboratory (Physics 0188 and 0188L), and six additional semester hours of Physics courses at or above the 0100 level, chosen with the approval of the Undergraduate Physics Adviser. 

Minors in Electrical and Mechanical Science

These minors are designed for Physics majors considering graduate work in Electrical or Mechanical Engineering, or exploring career opportunities in branches of Engineering close to Physics. The student must maintain a GPA of 2.5 or better in these minors. Students who are interested in Engineering/Applied Physics but do not have time for a full minor should nevertheless review these minors and consult with the Physics Adviser about the possibility of taking courses in Engineering. Since Physics and Engineering Core Curricula overlap significantly, often a Physics major can learn an interesting Engineering specialty by taking a relatively modest number of courses. 

Requirements for the Electrical Science Minor are: EE 0161, EE 0165, EE 0210, plus a minimum of nine semester hours of 0200 and 0300 level electives, chosen in consultation with an adviser in the Electrical Engineering Department. (The labs for Engineering 0163 and EE 0165 largely duplicate labs for Physics 0187 and Physics 0221 and are not required.) The following example elective sequence emphasizes solid state devices and might be of particular interest to a Physics major: EE 0254/0255 and EE 0256/0257. 

Requirements for the Mechanical Science Minor are: Engineering 0134 or 0131, Engineering 0133, Engineering 0234, ME 0231, plus a minimum of nine semester hours of electives. The elective courses can follow one of three tracks. The Thermodynamics and Combustion track comprises ME 0154, 0371, 0381, and 0372. The Electro-Mechanical Systems and Control track comprises EE 0063 and 0066, ME 0221, and ME 0322 or Engineering 0382. The Computer Aided Manufacturing track comprises Engineering 0310, ME 0375, and MET 0152. 

Five-year Master's Program

This program allows a talented student to obtain both a bachelor's and a master's degree in five years. A physics major may apply for the program during the junior or senior year. Please consult the adviser for details. 

Distinction in Major

A student who wishes to graduate with distinction in major must complete all courses required for the physics major with a GPA of 3.5 or better and carry out an independent study or undergraduate thesis project. Consult the Undergraduate Physics Adviser for more details. 

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Faculty

Administration 

Chris D. Platsoucas, Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dean 
Bruce P. Conrad, Ph.D., University of California, Associate Dean 
Eric Grinberg, Ph.D., Harvard University, Associate Dean 
Bashar Hanna, Ph.D., Temple University, Associate Dean 

Biology

PROFESSOR 

Shohreh Amini, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 
Frank N. Chang, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. 
Edward Gruberg, Ph.D., University of Illinois. 
S. Robert Hilfer, Ph.D., Yale University. 
Nina Hillman, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Ralph Hillman, Ph.D., Yale University. 
Kamel Khalili, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 
Richard L. Miller, Ph.D., University of Chicago. 
Michael I. Mote, Ph.D., University of California at Los Angeles. 
Stuart E. Neff, Ph.D., Cornell University. 
Harry P. Rappaport, Ph.D., Yale University. 
Jay Rappaport, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania 
Shepherd K. Roberts, Ph.D., Princeton University. 
Joel B. Sheffield, Chair, Ph.D., University of Chicago. 
Richard C. Weisenberg, Ph.D., University of Chicago. 

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR 
Karen Palter, Ph.D., Princeton University. 
Tomasz Skorski, M.D., Ph.D., Medical Academy of Warsaw, Poland 
Jacqueline Tanaka, Ph.D., University of Illinois, Urbana 
Richard Waring, Ph.D., Essex University. 
 

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR 

Thomas E. Hanson, Ph.D., Michigan State University. 
Ee Lin Lim, Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
Jose A. Ramirez-Latorre, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley. 
Robert W. Sanders, Ph.D., University of Georgia. 

Chemistry

PROFESSOR 

David R. Dalton, Ph.D., University of California. 
Franklin A. Davis, Ph.D., Syracuse University. 
Antonio M. Ponte Goncalves, Ph.D., University of Chicago. 
Grant R. Krow, Ph.D., Princeton University. 
Mortimer M. Labes, Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
John R. Williams, Ph.D., University of Western Australia. 
Stephanie L. Wunder, Ph.D., University of Massachusetts. 

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR 

James L. Bloomer, Ph.D., University of London. 
Susan Ann Jansen-Varnum, Ph.D., University of Missouri, St. Louis
Jerome Schiffer, Ph.D., Princeton University. 
Francis C. Spano, Ph.D., Princeton University. 
Daniel R. Strongin, Ph.D., Washington University. 
Donald D. Titus, Ph.D., California Institute of Technology. 
Stephen S. Washburne, Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

Trevor Douglas, Ph.D., University of California-San Diego. 
Robert J. Stanley, Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University. 

Computer and Information Sciences

PROFESSOR 

Robert M. Aiken, Ph.D., Northwestern University. 
Frank L. Friedman, Chair, Ph.D., Purdue University. 
Leonard J. Garrett, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Elliot B. Koffman, Ph.D., Case Western Reserve University. 
James F. Korsh, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Eugene Kwatny, Ph.D., Drexel University. 
David Lefkovitz, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
John T. Nosek, Ph.D., Temple University. 
Arthur T. Poe, Ph.D., University of Illinois. 

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR 

Giora Baram, Ph.D., University of Toledo. 
Giorgio Ingargiola, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Charles A. Kapps, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Paul LaFollette, M.D., Temple University. 
Munir Mandviwalla, Ph.D., The Claremont Graduate School. 
Yuan Shi, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Robert L. Stafford, Ph.D., Yale University. 
E. Judith Weiner, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR 

Phillip Conrad, Ph.D., University of Delaware. 
Wenfei Fan, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Nereu Kock, Ph.D., University of Waikato, New Zealand. 
Ravi Patnayakuni, D.B.A., Southern Illinois University. 
Karma Sherif, Ph.D., Texas A. & M. University. 

Geology

PROFESSOR 

Edwin J. Anderson, Ph.D., Brown University. 
Peter W. Goodwin, Ph.D., State University of Iowa. 
David E. Grandstaff, Ph.D., Princeton University. 
George H. Myer, Chair, Ph.D., Yale University. 
Gene C. Ulmer, Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University.

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR 

Jonathan Nyquist, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. 
Laura Toran, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. 

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

Dennis O. Terry, Jr., Ph.D., University of Nebraska 

Mathematics

PROFESSOR 
Shiferaw Berhanu, Ph.D., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. 
Orin Chein, Ph.D., New York University. 
Boris Datskovsky, Ph.D., Harvard University. 
Leon Ehrenpreis, Ph.D., Columbia University. 
Martin M. Eisen, Ph.D., University of Toronto. 
Janos Galambos, Ph.D., Eotvos University, Budapest, Hungary. 
Eric Grinberg, Ph.D., Harvard University. 
Cristian Gutierrez, Ph.D., University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. 
Omar Hijab, Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley. 
David R. Hill, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh. 
Marvin I. Knopp, Ph.D., University of Illinois. 
Seymour Lipschutz, Ph.D., New York University. 
Jian-Guo Liu, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles . 
Martin Lorenz, Ph.D., University of Essen. 
Jatinder S. Mehta, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. 
Gerardo Mendoza, Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
Eli A. Passow, Ph.D., Yeshiva University. 
John Paulos, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. 
K. Raghunandanan, Ph.D., Colorado State University. 
Louis Raymon, Ph.D., Yeshiva University. 
Igor Rivin, Ph.D., Princeton University 
Ranganathan Srinivasan, Ph.D., Wayne State University. 
Daniel B. Szyld, Ph.D., New York University. 
Georgia Triantafillou, Ph.D., University of Bonn, Germany. 
Simeon Vishik, Ph.D., Moscow State University. 
Wei-Shih Yang, Ph.D., Cornell University. 
Doron Zeilberger, Ph.D., The Weizman Institute of Science. 
David E. Zitarelli, Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University. 

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR 

Francis T. Christoph, Jr., Ph.D., Rutgers, The State University 
Bruce P. Conrad, Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley. 
Raymond F. Coughlin, Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology. 
Sarah R. Evangelista, M.A., Temple University. 
Diane Laison, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Nicholas Macri, Ph.D., Temple University. 
William D. Nathan, Ph.D., Syracuse University. 
Daniel Reich, Ph.D., Princeton University. 
John J. Schiller, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Chair 
H. Frank Thornton, M.A., Princeton University. 

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR 

Richard C. Glaeser, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
Yury Grabovsky, Ph.D., New York University. 
Sinai Robins, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles. 

Physics

PROFESSOR 
Leonard B. Auerbach, Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley. 
Theodore W. Burkhardt, Ph.D., Stanford University. 
Leroy W. Dubeck, Ph.D., Rutgers University. 
Dieter Forster, Ph.D., Harvard University. 
Robert L. Intemann, Ph.D., Stevens Institute of Technology. 
A. Marjatta Lyyra, Ph.D., University of Stockholm. 
C. Jeffrey Martoff, Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley. 
Zein-Eddine Meziani, Ph.D., University of Paris XI.
Ted W. Mihalisin, Ph.D., University of Rochester. 
Donald E. Neville, Ph.D., University of Chicago. 
Raza A. Tahir-Kheli, Ph.D., Oxford University. 

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR 

Zbigniew Dziembowski, Ph.D., Warsaw University. 
Edward T. Gawlinski, Ph.D., Boston University, Chair. 
Zameer Hasan, Ph.D., Australian National University, Canberra. 
James S. Karra, Ph.D., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. 
Chyan-Long Lin, Ph.D., Temple University. 
Tan Yuen, Ph.D., Temple University. 

Emeritus Faculty

PROFESSOR

Dorothy Berner
William Brinigar
Barbara Brownstein
Ivan N. Erdelyi
Belmont G. Farley
James L. Framo
Jerrold Franklin
Robert Gordon
Seymour Haber
Peter Hagis, Jr.
William Harvey
Peter Havas
Shoon K. Kim
V.S. Krishnan
Sigurd Y. Larsen
Mael A. Melvin
Bernard Meth
Theodore Mitchell
Leonard Muldawer
Donald Newman
Mann-Chiang Niu
Elmer L. Offenbacher
Hala Pflugfelder
Thomas R. Punnett
Robert Salomon
Albert E. Schild
William Schmitt
Robert Searls
Richard M. Stavseth
Leon Steinberg
Stephen T. Takats
Robert B. Weinberg
Marie A. Wurster

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR
John Adams
Mary Harbold

INSTRUCTOR

Howard L. Poss
Evelyn A. Strawbridge

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