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Dr. Kenneth Bruscia

Professor Emeritus of Music Therapy

Departments:

Music Therapy

 

 

    • B.M.: Piano Performance, University of Cincinnati
      M.M.: Piano Performance, University of Cincinnati
      M.A.: Psychology, Duquesne University, New School for Social Research
      Ph.D.: Psychology of Music, New York University

      Dr. Bruscia has professional certifications in music therapy (MT-BC), Guided Imagery and Music (FAMI), and mandala assessment, and has several years of clinical experience with diverse clientele, including individuals with intellectual disability, psychiatric disorders, cancer, AIDS, psychoneuroses, PTSD, and the elderly. Previously on the piano faculty of Duquesne University and music therapy faculty at New York University, he came to Temple in 1974 where he founded the bachelor's, master's, and PhD degrees in music therapy. The PhD degree is the first true doctoral degree in music therapy in the USA. Dr. Bruscia has served as Music Therapy Program Coordinator, PhD Coordinator, Director of Graduate Studies in Music and Dance, and member/chair of several college and university committees.

      He has received the Lindback Award for Teaching, The Temple University Great Teacher Award, the Temple University Research Award, and the AMTA Research and Publication Awards. He has served as President of the American Association for Music Therapy, Chair of the National Coalition of Arts Therapies, and an officer on numerous organizational committees, for which he has received three awards for service to the profession. He has served on the editorial boards of four major journals (Music Therapy, Music Therapy Perspectives, Arts in Psychotherapy, Journal of Music Therapy), and founded the International Newsletter of Music Therapy. Since 1978, he has given 205 lectures and workshops around the world. His books are frequently used as texts, and have been translated into several languages; his writings are widely cited throughout the music therapy literature. Publication-wise, he has:

      Bruscia received the Lindback Award for Teaching, The Temple University Great Teacher Award, the Temple University Research Award, and the AMTA Research and Publication Awards. He has served as President of the American Association for Music Therapy, Chair of the National Coalition of Arts Therapies, and an officer on numerous organizational committees, for which he has received three awards for service to the profession. He has served on the editorial boards of four major journals (Music Therapy, Music Therapy Perspectives, Arts in Psychotherapy, Journal of Music Therapy), and founded the International Newsletter of Music Therapy. Since 1978, he has given 205 lectures and workshops around the world.

      His current research interests include:
      1. phenomenological and heuristic methods of music analysis;
      2. narrative methods of researching client experiences;
      3. heuristic methods of studying therapist experiences;
      4. projective methods of clinical assessment;
      5. the development of research paradigms for music psychotherapy, particularly Guided Imagery and Music; and
      6. development of music therapy theory
      7. quantitative efficacy research

    • Bruscia, K. (2005). First-person Research. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research (Second Edition). Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (2005). Developing Theory. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research (Second Edition). Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (in press). Research Topics and Questions in Music Therapy. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research (Second Edition). Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (2005). Designing Qualitative Research. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research (Second Edition). Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (2005). Data Analysis in Qualitative Research. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research (Second Edition). Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K., Abbott, E., Cadesky, N., Condron, D., Hunt, A., Miller, D., and Thomae, L. (2005). A Heuristic-Collaborative Analysis of Imagery-M—A Music Program Used in Guided Imagery and Music. Qualitative Inquiries in Music Therapy, Volume 2, Fall 2005. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K., & Grocke, D. (Eds) (2002). Guided Imagery and Music: The Bonny Method and Beyond. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (2002a). An Opening Metaphor. In K. Bruscia and D. Grocke (Eds.), Guided Imagery and Music: The Bonny Method and Beyond. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. xix-xxiv.

      Bruscia, K. (2002b). The Boundaries of Guided Imagery and Music. In K. Bruscia and D. Grocke (Eds.), Guided Imagery and Music: The Bonny Method and Beyond. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 29-36.

      Bruscia, K. (2002c). A Psychodynamic Orientation to the Bonny Method. In K. Bruscia and D. Grocke (Eds.), Guided Imagery and Music: The Bonny Method and Beyond. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 225-244.

      Bruscia, K. (2002d). Client Assessment in the Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music. In K. Bruscia and D. Grocke (Eds.), Guided Imagery and Music: The Bonny Method and Beyond. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 273-296.

      Bruscia, K. (2002e). Developments in Music Programming in the Bonny Method. In K. Bruscia and D. Grocke (Eds.), Guided Imagery and Music: The Bonny Method and Beyond. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 307-316.

      Bruscia, K. (2002f). Appendix B: Music for the Imagination – Play list. In K. Bruscia and D. Grocke (Eds.), Guided Imagery and Music: The Bonny Method and Beyond. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 555-562.

      Bruscia, K. (2002g). Appendix E: Music programs for Guided Imagery and Music. In K. Bruscia and D. Grocke (Eds.), Guided Imagery and Music: The Bonny Method and Beyond. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 569-574.

      Bruscia, K. (2002h). Foreword to Culture-Centered Music Therapy by Brynjulf Stige. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. xv – xvii.

      Bruscia, K. (2001a). A Model of Supervision Derived From Apprenticeship Training. In M. Forinash (Ed.), Music Therapy Supervision, 281-295 . Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (2001b). The Improvisation Assessment Profiles Revisited (Response to Forum Discussion). Nordic Journal of Music Therapy: Website Forum Discussion: (www. hisf.no/njmt) March 2, 2001.

      Bruscia, K. (2001c). The Improvisation Assessment Profiles Revisited (Response to Bellido’s Contribution). Nordic Journal of Music Therapy: Website Forum Discussion: (www. hisf.no/njmt) October 17, 2001.

      Bruscia, K. (2001d). A Qualitative Approach to Analyzing Client Improvisations. Music Therapy Perspectives, 19 (1), 7-21.

      Bruscia, K. (2000a). A Scale for Assessing Responsiveness to Guided Imagery and Music (GIM). Journal of the Association for Music and Imagery, 7, 1-7.

      Bruscia, K. (2000b). Meaning in Music Therapy. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 9 (2), 84-97.

      Bruscia, K. (2000c). The Improvisation Assessment Profiles Revisited (Interview with Brynjulf Stige). Nordic Journal of Music Therapy: Website Forum Discussion: (www. hisf.no/njmt) September 25, 2000.

      Bruscia, K. (1998a). Standards of Integrity for Qualitative Music Therapy Research. Journal of Music Therapy, 35 (3)176-200.

      Bruscia, K. (1998b). An Introduction to Music Psychotherapy. In K. Bruscia (Ed.) The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 1-16.

      Bruscia, K. (1998c). The Dynamics of Transference. In K. Bruscia, K. (Ed.) The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 35-50.

      Bruscia, K. (1998d). Understanding Countertransference. In K. Bruscia, K. (Ed.) The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 51-70.

      Bruscia, K. (1998e). The Signs of Countertransference. In K. Bruscia, K. (Ed.) The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 71-92.

      Bruscia, K. (1998f). Techniques for Uncovering and Working With Countertransference. In K. Bruscia, K. (Ed.) The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 93-120.

      Bruscia, K. (1998g). Re-imaging Client Images: A Technique for Uncovering Countertransference in Guided Imagery and Music (GIM). In K. Bruscia, K. (Ed.) The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 527-548.

      Bruscia, K. (1998h). Re-imaging Client Images: A Technique for Uncovering Projective Identification. In K. Bruscia, K. (Ed.) The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers, pp. 549-560.

      Bruscia, K. (Ed.) (1998i). The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1998j). Defining Music Therapy (Second Edition). Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1996a). Authenticity Issues in Qualitative Research. In M. Langenberg, K. Aigen,  and J. Frommer (Eds.), Qualitative Music Therapy Research: Beginning Dialogues. Phoenixville PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1996b). Daedalus and the Labyrinth: A Mythical Research Fantasy. In M. Langenberg, K. Aigen, and J. Frommer (Eds.), Qualitative Music Therapy Research: Beginning Dialogues. Phoenixville PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1996c). (Ed.) Music for the Imagination: Ten CD Programs for Guided Imagery and Music). Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1996d). Music for the Imagination: Rationale, Implications and Guidelines for its use in Guided Imagery and Music (GIM). Special Monograph. Santa Cruz, CA: Association for Music and Imagery.

      Bruscia, K. (1995a). Images of AIDS. In C. Lee (Ed.), Lonely Waters: Proceedings of the International Conference on Music Therapy in Palliative Care. Oxford, UK: Sobell Publications. Pp. 119–123.

      Bruscia, K. (1995b). Modes of Consciousness in Guided Imagery and Music (GIM): A Therapist's Experience of the Guiding Process. In C. Kenny (Ed.), Listening, Playing, Creating: Essays on the Power of Sound (pp. 165-197). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

      Bruscia, K. (1995c). The Boundaries of Music Therapy Research. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives (pp. 17-28). Phoenixville PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1995d). Topics and Questions in Quantitative Research. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives (pp. 119-128). Phoenixville PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1995e). Differences between Quantitative and Qualitative Research. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives (pp. 65-78). Phoenixville PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1995f). Topics, Phenomena and Purposes in Qualitative Research. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives (pp. 313-328). Phoenixville PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1995g). The Process of Doing Qualitative Research: Part One: Introduction. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives (pp. 389-400). Phoenixville PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1995h). The Process of Doing Qualitative Research: Part Two: Procedural Steps. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives (pp. 401-428). Phoenixville PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1995i). The Process of Doing Qualitative Research: Part Three: The Human Side. In B. Wheeler (Ed.), Music Therapy Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives (pp. 429-446). Gilsum NH: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1995j). The Many Dimensions of Transference. Journal of the Association for Music and Imagery, 4 (3-16).

      Bruscia, K. (1995k). The Manifestations of Transference in Guided Imagery and Music (GIM). Journal of the Association for Music and Imagery, 4 (17-36).

      Bruscia, K. (1994) Foreword to the Norwegian Translation of the "Improvisation Assessment Profiles. Sandane Norway: Hogskoleutdanninga pa Sandane.

      Bruscia, K. (1992a). Musical Origins: Developmental Foundations of Music Therapy. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Music Therapy.

      Bruscia, K. (1992b). Visits from the Other Side: Healing Persons with AIDS through Guided Imagery and Music (GIM). In D. Campbell (Ed.), Music and Miracles. Wheaton, IL: Quest Books.

      Bruscia, K. (Ed.) (1991a). Case Studies in Music Therapy. Phoenixville, PA: Barcelona

      Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1991b). Embracing Life with AIDS: Psychotherapy through Guided Imagery and Music (GIM). In K. Bruscia (Ed.), Case Studies in Music Therapy (pp. 581-602). Phoenixville, PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1991c). Fundamentals of Music Therapy Practice. In K. Bruscia (Ed.), Case Studies in Music Therapy (pp.3-13). Phoenixville, PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1989a). The Practical Side of Improvisational Music Therapy. Music Therapy Perspectives, 6, 11-15.

      Bruscia, K.(1989b). Defining Music Therapy. Phoenixville, PA: Barcelona Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (1989c). Clinical Assessment in Music Therapy. Proceedings of the Fourteenth National Conference of the Australian Music Therapy Association.

      Bruscia, K. (1989d). The Identity of Music Therapy. Proceedings of the Fourteenth National Conference of the Australian Music Therapy Association.

      Bruscia, K. (1989e). Songs in Psychotherapy. Proceedings of the Fourteenth National Conference of the Australian Music Therapy Association.

      Bruscia, K. (1989f). Countertransference in Music Therapy. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Music Therapy.

      Bruscia, K. (1989g). The Content of Music Therapy Education at Undergraduate and Graduate Levels. Music Therapy Perspectives, 7, 83-87.

      Bruscia, K. (1989h). Building Effective Student-teacher Relationships in the Private Music Studio. American Music Teacher, 39 (2), 12-15+.

      Maranto, C., & Bruscia, K. (1989). The status of music therapy education and training. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 16 (1), 15-20.

      Bruscia, K. (1988a). A Survey of Treatment Procedures in Improvisational Music Therapy. Psychology of Music, 16 (1), 10-24.

      Bruscia, K. (1988b). Perspective: Standards for Clinical Assessment in the Arts Therapies. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 15 (1), 5-10.

      Bruscia, K. (1988c). Music Therapy for Communication Disorders. Information/Edge, 5, 1-4.

      Maranto, C., & Bruscia, K.(Eds.). (1988). Methods of Teaching and Training the Music Therapist.Philadelphia:Temple University, Boyer College of Music.

      Maranto, C., & Bruscia, K.(Eds.). (1988). Master's Theses in Music Therapy 1950‑1986: Index and Abstracts. Philadelphia: Temple University, Esther Boyer College of Music.

      Bruscia, K. (1987a). Improvisational Models of Music Therapy. Springfield, IL: C.C.Thomas Publishers.

      Bruscia, K.(1987b). Variations in Clinical Training: AAMT and NAMT Models. In C.Maranto & K.Bruscia (Eds.), Perspectives on Music Therapy Education and Training. Philadelphia: Temple University College of Music.

      Bruscia, K.(1987c). Professional Identity Issues in Music Therapy Education. In C.Maranto & K.Bruscia (Eds.), Perspectives on Music Therapy Education and Training. Phila­delphia: Temple University College of Music.

      Bruscia, K. (1987d). A Demonstration of Experimental Improvisation Therapy. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Music Therapy.

      Bruscia, K. (1987e). An Overview of the Improvisation Assessment Profiles. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Conference of the Canadian Association for Music Therapy.

      Maranto, C., & Bruscia, K.(Eds.). (1987). Perspectives on Music Therapy Education and Training. Philadelphia:Temple University, Esther Boyer College of Music.

      Bruscia, K.(1986a). A Future Together: The National Coalition of Arts Therapy Associations.The Arts in Psychotherapy, 13 (2), 95‑100.

      Bruscia, K. (1986b). Advanced Competencies in Music Therapy. Music Therapy: Journal of the American Association for Music Therapy, 6A (1), 57-67.

      Bruscia, K.(Ed.).(1985). International Newsletter of Music Therapy ‑ Volume Three. New York: American Association for Music Therapy.

      Levinson, S., & Bruscia, K.(1985, October). Putting Blind Children in Touch with Music.Music Educators Journal,

      Bruscia, K.(Ed.).(1984). International Newsletter of Music Therapy ‑ Volume Two. New York: American Association for Music Therapy.

      Levinson, S., & Bruscia, K.(1984). Optacon Music‑Reading: A Curriculum. Philadelphia: Tembrook Press.

      Bruscia, K., & Tims, T.(1983, Fall). Music Therapy Education in the United States. Musick‑Therapeutische Umschau, 30‑44.

      Bruscia, K.(Ed.).(1983). International Newsletter of Music Therapy ‑ Volume One. New York: American Association for Music Therapy.

      Bruscia, K.(1982). Music in the Assessment and Treatment of Echolalia. Music Therapy: Journal of the American Association for Music Therapy, 2 (1), 25‑41.

      Bruscia, K., & Levinson, S. (1982). Predictive Factors in Optacon Music­ Reading. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 76 (October), 309‑312.

      Bruscia, K., Hesser, B., & Boxill, E.(1981). Essential Competencies for the Practice of Music Therapy. Music Therapy: Journal of the American Association for Music Therapy, 1 (1), 43‑49.

      Bruscia, K.(1981). The Musical Characteristics of Mildly and Moderately Retarded Children. In L.Kearns et al (Eds.), Readings: Developing Arts Programs for Handicapped Students (pp.101‑112). Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Department of Education.

      Barlow, G., Bruscia, K. et al (1980). Interdisciplinary Arts for the Disabled Person. Proceedings of the International Conference on Creativity. Minneapolis, MN.

      Bruscia, K.(1979a). Auditory Short‑term Memory and Attentional Control of Mentally Retarded Persons. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 85 (4), 435‑437.

      Bruscia, K.(1979b). Music Therapy in Search of a Discipline. AAMT Newsletter, 8, 2‑4.

      Barlow, G., Bruscia, K. et al (1978). Integrating the Arts: A Curriculum Approach. In P.Marx & P.Hall (Eds.), Change Strategies and Disabled Persons. Washington: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped.

      Book Reviews

      A Curriculum for Teaching Optacon Music-Reading (Levinson & Bruscia, 1983).

      Shaw, R. (1985). Journal of Music Therapy, 22(4), 227-228,

      Improvisational Models of Music Therapy (Bruscia, 1987).

      Schneider, S. (1998, Spring). Tuning In: Newsletter of the American Association for Music Therapy, 2-3.

      Wardle, M. (1988). Journal of British Music Therapy, 2 (1), 33-34.

      Miller, L. (1988). American Journal of Mental Retardation, 92(6), 326-327.

      Kellogg, J. (1989). Newsletter of the National Educational Council of Creative Therapies, 12 (4), 13-14.

      Perspectives on Music Therapy Education and Training (Maranto & Bruscia, 1987).

      Steele, A. (1988). Journal of Music Therapy, 25 (3), 171-173.

      Gorelick, K. (1988). Journal of Poetry Therapy.

      Isenberg-Grzeda, C. (1989). The Arts in Psychotherapy, 16 (1), 61-62.

      Marcus, D. (1990, Winter). Tuning In: Newsletter of the American Association for Music Therapy.

      Defining Music Therapy (Bruscia, 1989; Bruscia, 1998).

      Marcus, D. (1990, Winter). Tuning In: Newsletter of the American Association for Music Therapy.

      Wigram, T. (1990). Journal of British Music Therapy, 4 (1), 27-28.

      Berman, A. (1993). Tijdschrift voor Kreatieve Therapie, 93 (2), 57.

      Bonde, L. (1999). Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 8 (1), 111-113.

      Daveson, B. (1999, July). The Bulletin of the Australian Music Therapy Association, 22 (13), 13.

      Case Studies in Music Therapy (Bruscia, 1991)

      Stige, B. (1993). Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 2(1), 40-41.

      Jacobowitz, R. (1993, Winter). Tuning In: Newsletter of the American Association for Music Therapy.

      Prickett, C. (1995, September). Notes, 129-130.

      Brooks, D. (1999). Music Therapy Perspectives, 17 (1), 44-45.

      The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy (Bruscia, 1998).

      Hannibal, N. (1999). Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 8 (1), 113-115.

      Wheeler, B. (1999). Music Therapy Perspectives, 17 (2), 104-105.

      Stewart, D. (2000). British Journal of Music Therapy 14 (2), 102-104.

      Translations

      Italian:

      Bruscia, K. (1993). Definire la Musicoterapia: Percorso Epistemologico di un Disciplina e di

      una Professione. Roma: Istituto Nazionale per lo Sviluppo Musicale.

      Bruscia, K. (1995). Casi Clinici di Musicoterapi (Bambini ed Adolescenti). Roma: Istituto

      Nazionale per lo Sviluppo Musicale.

      Bruscia, K. (1995). Casi Clinici di Musicoterapia (Adulti). Roma: Istituto Nazionale per lo

      Sviluppo Musicale.

      Bruscia, K. (2000). Improvisational Models of Music Therapy. Roma: Istituto Nazionale per lo

      Sviluppo Musicale.

      Spanish:

      Bruscia, K. (1999). Models de Improvisacion en Musicoterapia. Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain:

      Agruparte.

      Bruscia, K. (1997). Definiendo Musicoterapia (First Edition). Salamanca, Spain: Amaru

      Ediciones.

      Bruscia, K. (2003). Reconocer, descubrir, compartir….en musicoterapia. Buenos Aires:

      Ediciones ASAM.

      Bruscia, K. (2007). Definiendo Musicoterapia.Mexico City: Grupo Editorial Pax.

      Portuguese:

      Bruscia, K. (2000). Definindo Musicoterapia (Second Edition). Rio de Janeiro: Enelivros. Japanese: Bruscia, K. (1999). Improvisational Models of Music Therapy. Tokyo: Ningentorekishisha.

      Bruscia, K. (2003). Defining Music Therapy (Second Edition). Tokyo: Tokai University Press.         

      Bruscia, K. (2004). Case Studies in Music Therapy: Tokyo: Ongaku No Tomo Sha.

      Korean:

      Bruscia, K. (2001) Case Studies in Music Therapy. Seoul: Kwon Hea-Kyung Music Therapy Center.

      Bruscia, K. (2004). Improvisational Models of Music Therapy. Seoul: Hakjisa Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (2003) Defining Music Therapy (Second Edition). Seoul: Hakjisa Publishers.

      Bruscia, K. (2006). The Dynamics of Music Psychotherapy. Seoul: Hakjisa Publishers.